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Patrons, Clients and Friends : Interpersonal Relations and the Structure of Trust in Society - S. N. Eisenstadt

Patrons, Clients and Friends

Interpersonal Relations and the Structure of Trust in Society

Paperback

Published: 17th December 1984
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The form of social relations described by the terms 'patronage' and 'patron-client relations' is of central concern to sociologists, anthropologists and political scientists today. Characterised by its voluntary and highly personal but often fully institutionalised nature, it is a type of behaviour found in almost every human society. It touches upon basic aspects of the construction and regulation of social order and is therefore closely connected to major theoretical problems and controversies in the social sciences.

This book analyses some special types of these interpersonal relations -- ritual kinship, patron-client relations and friendship -- and the social conditions in which they develop. The authors draw upon a wide range of examples, from societies as diverse as those of the Mediterranean. Latin America, the Middle and Far East and the U.S.S.R., in their study of the core characteristics of such relationships. They look at them as mechanisms of social exchange, examine their impact on the institutional structures in which they exist, and assess the significance of the variations in their occurrence. Their analysis highlights the importance of these relationships in social life and concludes with a stimulating discussion of the ensuing tensions and ambivalences and the ways in which these are dealt with -- though perhaps never fully overcome.

Patrons, clients and friends is the first systematic comparative study of these interpersonal relations and makes the first attempt to relate them to central aspects of social structure. It will therefore be an important contribution to both comparative analysis and social theory and will be of interest to a wide range of socialscientists.

Prefacep. ix
Personal Relations, Trust and Ambivalence in Relation to the Institutional Orderp. 1
The Construction of Trust in the Social Order and its Ambivalences: Viewed From the Development of Sociological Theoryp. 19
The Structuring of Trust in Society: Unconditionalities, Generalised Exchange and the Development of Interpersonal Relationsp. 29
The Basic Characteristics and Variety of Patron-Client Relationsp. 43
The core characteristics of patron-client relationsp. 43
Patron-client relations in southern Europep. 50
Ancient Republican Romep. 52
Southern Italyp. 64
Western Sicilyp. 68
Central Italyp. 70
Spainp. 71
Greecep. 77
Patron-client relations in the Muslim Middle Eastp. 81
Turkeyp. 84
Jordanp. 87
Northern Iraqp. 88
Egyptp. 89
Lebanonp. 91
Moroccop. 95
Patron-client relations in Latin Americap. 99
Colombiap. 102
Brazilp. 104
Perup. 107
Boliviap. 111
Argentinap. 113
Mexicop. 114
Patron-client relations in southeast Asiap. 117
Indonesiap. 122
The Philippinesp. 127
Thailandp. 130
Burmap. 137
Patron-client relations in China, Japan, India, Rwanda and southwestern Cyrenaicap. 138
Chinap. 139
Japanp. 145
Indiap. 150
Rwandap. 153
Southwestern Cyrenaicap. 154
Patron-client relations in the U.S.A., the U.S.S.R. and modern Japanp. 155
The U.S.A.p. 155
The U.S.S.R.p. 157
Modern Japanp. 159
Approaching the systematic study of variations in patron-client relationsp. 162
The Clientelistic Mode of Generalised Exchange and Patron--Client Relations as Addenda to the Central Institutional Nexusp. 166
The clientelistic mode of generalised exchange in comparative perspectivep. 166
Patron-client relations as addenda to ascriptive hierarchical models of generalised exchangep. 173
Introductionp. 173
Patron-client relations in Japanp. 174
Patron-client relations in ascriptive hierarchical systemsp. 178
Patron-client relations as addenda to universalistic modes of generalised exchangep. 184
Countervailing forces to the development of patron-client relations in universalistic societies: the U.S.S.R., the U.S.A. and Israelp. 185
The U.S.S.R.p. 186
The U.S.A.p. 191
Israelp. 195
The failure of countervailing forces in clientelistic societiesp. 200
The Social Conditions Generating Patron-Client Relationsp. 203
Variations in Patron-Client Relationsp. 220
Organisational aspects of clientelism: institutional placement and structure of networksp. 228
Modes of patron-client role takingp. 245
Styles of installation: the forms of construction of patron-client relationsp. 248
Variations in clientelistic exchangesp. 250
Institutional markets, resources and the time perspective of reciprocity in patron-client relationsp. 252
The relative importance of instrumental considerations, solidarity and power differentials in exchangep. 256
Discretion, subversive attitudes, and socio-moral restraintsp. 259
Continuities, discontinuities and instability of patron-client relationsp. 263
Ritualised Interpersonal Relations; Privacy and Friendshipp. 269
Ritualised interpersonal relations in 'tribal' societiesp. 272
Interpersonal relations in traditional or historical societiesp. 276
Interpersonal relations and privacy in modern societiesp. 282
Concluding Remarks: The Dialectics of Trust and the Social Orderp. 294
Notesp. 302
Indexp. 341
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521288903
ISBN-10: 0521288908
Series: Themes in the Social Sciences
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 352
Published: 17th December 1984
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.37 x 14.99  x 2.46
Weight (kg): 0.53