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Patriarchal Religion, Sexuality, and Gender : A Critique of New Natural Law - Nicholas Bamforth

Patriarchal Religion, Sexuality, and Gender

A Critique of New Natural Law

Paperback

Published: 14th April 2011
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Legal theorists are familiar with John Finnis's book Natural Law and Natural Rights, but usually overlook his interventions in US constitutional debates and his membership of a group of conservative Catholic thinkers, the 'new natural lawyers', led by theologian Germain Grisez. In fact, Finnis has repeatedly advocated conservative positions concerning lesbian and gay rights, contraception and abortion, and his substantive moral theory (as he himself acknowledges) derives from Grisez. Bamforth and Richards provide a detailed explanation of the work of the new natural lawyers within and outside the Catholic Church - the first truly comprehensive explanation available to legal theorists - and criticize Grisez's and Finnis's arguments concerning sexuality and gender. New natural law is, they argue, a theology rather than a secular theory, and one which is unappealing in a modern constitutional democracy. This book will be of interest to legal and political theorists, ethicists, theologians and scholars of religious history.

'Nicholas Bamforth and David A. J. Richards make a full frontal attack on the philosophical consistency, social relevance, and political desirability of new natural law ... will be welcomed ... this text presents challenging philosophical insights as well as informative commentary on the role of doctrinal religion in the construction of seemingly secular law. ... constructive mode ... meticulously argued, well-written, and thoroughly annotated ... provides a detailed map of the philosophical, personal, and political affiliations between Grisez, Finnis, George and, most importantly, it closely traces their arguments to 'illiberal prescriptions' concerning sexuality and gender. ... This is the gap in the philosophical investigation of new natural law that the text wishes to fill.' Politics and Religion

Acknowledgmentp. xi
New Natural Law in Contextp. 1
The Argument Summarizedp. 4
Some Broader Issuesp. 9
Conclusionp. 15
Criteria for Evaluating New Natural Lawp. 17
Some Methodological Pointsp. 18
Law and Neutrality; Public Reasonp. 24
Law and Neutralityp. 25
Public Reasonp. 31
The Evaluative Criteria on Which We Shall Relyp. 45
Internal Consistencyp. 46
Substantive Appealp. 52
Conclusionp. 54
The Architecture and Reach of New Natural Lawp. 56
New Natural Law: An Outline of the Theoryp. 58
History and Development of New Natural Lawp. 58
Natural Law and Natural Rightsp. 62
Beyond the New Moralityp. 65
The Way of The Lord Jesusp. 67
Grisez, Boyle, and Finnis's 1987 Restatementp. 72
Evaluationp. 74
New Natural Law and Debate within the Roman Catholic Churchp. 76
Theory and Advocacyp. 83
New Natural Law as Contemporary Thomism?p. 88
Conclusionp. 92
Internal Consistency (1): Is New Natural Law Secular?p. 93
New Natural Law and the Good of Heterosexual Marriagep. 94
New Natural Law and the Legal Regulation of Sexual Relationsp. 94
Grisez's Treatment of Sexualityp. 102
Logical Foundations of the New Natural Lawyers' Argumentsp. 111
Evaluationp. 115
Contraception and Abortionp. 116
Contraceptionp. 116
Abortionp. 121
Evaluationp. 124
Broader Questions about New Natural Lawp. 125
The Role of Religionp. 126
The Basic Goodsp. 130
Moral Absolutesp. 139
Evaluationp. 145
A Partial Explanation? Religious and Secular Motivation and Esoteric and Exoteric Styles of Argumentp. 146
Conclusionp. 149
Internal Consistency (2): New Natural Law and Thomas Aquinasp. 151
Tnomas Aquinas in Contextp. 152
New Natural Law and Thomismp. 166
Contemporary Thomist Alternatives to New Natural lawp. 174
Prescriptivism, Boyle, and Grisezp. 182
Conclusionp. 188
Substantive Appeal (1): What's Wrong with Homophobia and Sexism?p. 190
Respect for Privacyp. 191
Equalityp. 200
Autonomy and Combating Moral Slaveryp. 211
Conclusionp. 227
Substantive Appeal (2): New Natural Law, Sexism, and Homophohiap. 228
Two General Problemsp. 229
'One-Flesh Union'p. 229
Definitionsp. 231
New Natural Law and Sexismp. 232
The Patriarchal Structure of the Familyp. 232
Contraceptionp. 236
Abortionp. 239
New Natural Law, Sexual Autonomy, and Homophobiap. 245
Sexual Autonomy, Emotion, and Lovep. 245
The Homophobia of New Natural Lawp. 261
Hostile Languagep. 262
Slippery Slope Argumentsp. 266
The Failure of Central Case Analysisp. 271
Evaluationp. 276
Conclusionp. 276
Moral Absolutes and the Possible Fundamentalism of New Natural Lawp. 279
Fundamentalismsp. 280
New Natural Law on Nuclear Deterrencep. 285
Fundamentalist - or Sometimes Fundamentalist?p. 292
Conclusion: The Dangers of Fundamentalismp. 300
New Natural Law and Patriarchal Religionp. 304
The Selective Development of Catholic Moral Doctrinep. 305
The Roots of Catholic Doctrine Concerning Sexual Moralityp. 308
The Costs of Standing Still: Celibacy, the Priest Abuse Scandal, and Catholic Homophobiap. 320
Conclusionp. 332
Concluding Observations, and Christian Alternatives to New Natural Lawp. 334
Concluding Observasionsp. 334
Alternativesp. 342
The Historical Jesusp. 344
Ethical Religion and Constitutional Rightsp. 354
Radical Abolitionismp. 355
Martin Luther Kingp. 358
Religion and the Values of Constitutional Democracyp. 367
Conclusionp. 369
Bibliographyp. 371
Boob, Articles, and Related Materialsp. 371
Casesp. 390
Indexp. 393
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521173360
ISBN-10: 0521173361
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 416
Published: 14th April 2011
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.4
Weight (kg): 0.61