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Party Elites in Divided Societies : Political Parties in Consociational Democracy - Kris Deschouwer

Party Elites in Divided Societies

Political Parties in Consociational Democracy

By: Kris Deschouwer (Editor), Kurt Richard Luther (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 28th June 2005
ISBN: 9780415201278
Number Of Pages: 312

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The stability of divided societies often depends on whether the elites of rival subcultures are willing and able to engage in compromise, as opposed to confrontation. This was demonstrated in 1968 by Arend Lijphart's seminal work on 'consociational democracies', or societies characterized by both subcultural segmentation and elite accomodation. This volume offers a new and detailed comparative analysis of such societies thirty years on. Contributors use a a novel combination of Lijphart's model of consociational democracy and the most recent literature on political parties to examine the pivotal role played by political parties within and between divided socities. A comparativbe framework is advanced for the analysis of this role, then applied in turn to the cases of Austria, Belgium, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Israel. This is followed by comparative chapters and the editors conclude by underlining the findings of the analysis thirty years on from Lijphart's work. This authoritative study highlights the nature and amount of change in consociational democracy and the extent to which it has been promoted or hindered by the behaviour of party

"Lijphardt's theory of consociational democracy and consensus democracy, i.e. democracy in societies with dep sociopolitical and cultural fragmentation (e.g. Belgium, Austria, the Netherlands, Switzerland), is one of the most important contributions to postwar democratic theory. CHOICE, September 2000, Volume 28, Number 1."

List of figures
List of tables
Contributors
Series editor's preface
Editors' preface
List of party abbreviations
Introduction: the significance of party elitesp. 1
A framework for the comparative analysis of political parties and party systems in consociational democracyp. 3
The utility of party and institutional indicators of change in consociational democraciesp. 20
Case studies in comparative perspectivep. 41
Must what goes up always come down? Of pillars and arches in Austria's political architecturep. 43
From consociation to federation: how the Belgian parties wonp. 74
Parties, pillars and the politics of accommodation: weak or weakening linkages? The case of Dutch consociationalismp. 108
The odd fellow: parties and consociationalism in Switzerlandp. 134
Israel and the consociational model: religion and class in the Israeli party system, from consociationalism to consensualism to majoritarianismp. 163
Party dimensions in comparative perspectivep. 189
Electoral consequences of (de-)pillarization: the cases of Austria, Belgium and the Netherlands (1945-96)p. 191
The consociational party systemp. 224
'Prudent leadership' to successful adaptation? Pillar parties and consociational democracy thirty years onp. 243
Bibliographyp. 264
Indexp. 283
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780415201278
ISBN-10: 0415201276
Series: Routledge/ECPR Studies in European Political Science
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 312
Published: 28th June 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.61
Edition Number: 1