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Partners for Democracy : Crafting the New Japanese State under MacArthur - Ray A. Moore

Partners for Democracy

Crafting the New Japanese State under MacArthur

Hardcover Published: 1st January 2003
ISBN: 9780195151169
Number Of Pages: 424

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In 1945, Japan surrendered unconditionally to the United States and its allies, thereby planting the seed from which would spring one of the world's most successful and stable democracies. In an age when democracy is often pursued, yet rarely accomplished, in which failed democracies are found throughout Africa, Latin America, and Asia, Japan's transformation from an utterly defeated military power into a thriving constitutional democracy commands attention.
It has long been assumed that postwar Japan was largely the making of America, that democracy was simply imposed on a defeated land. Yet a political and legal system cannot long survive, much less thrive, if resisted by the very citizens it exists to serve. The external imposition of a constitution does not automatically translate into a constitutional democracy of the kind Japan has enjoyed for the past half-century. Apparently Japan, though under military occupation, was ready for what the West had to offer. Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson convincingly show that the country's affirmation of democracy was neither cynical nor merely tactical. What made Japan different was that Japan and the United States-represented in Tokyo by the headstrong and deeply conservative General Douglas MacArthur-worked out a genuine partnership, navigating skillfully among die-hard defenders of the emperor, Japanese communists, and America's opinionated erstwhile allies. No dry recounting of policy decisions and diplomatic gestures, Partners for Democracy resounds with the strong personalities and dramatic clashes that paved the way to a hard-won success.
Here is the story of how a devastated land came to construct--at times aggressively and rapidly, at times deliberately and only after much debate-a democracy that stands today as the envy of many other nations.

"A thoroughly researched and clearly written study.... no one studying the creation of the Japanese constitution following the Pacific war can ignore this fine and analytical study, with an extensive listing of sources and a bibliography including Japanese references. We owe an immense debt to professors Moore and Robinson for enlarging our knowledge of this vital moment in both American and Japanese history."--Journal of American History "The most detailed and reliable book that has been written in English on the formulating process of Japan's present Constitution by two authors who are specialists in modern Japanese history and American Constitutional development. This book reveals in great detail, for the first time the drafting process of the GHQ/SCAP version based on interviews with, and the private papers of Colonel Kades, the main drafter of the Constitution. This book, from an original point of view, throws light on the present debate on Japanese Constitutional revision which is the most serious political issues of the postwar period."--Shoichi Koseki Professor of Constitutional Law Dokkyo University, Japan "A fascinating inside story of the process of drafting a constitution that achieved widespread acceptance in Japan as the foundation of democracy....Highly recommended."--Choice "[an] excellent book. Show[s] the sublety with which the Japanese got around awkward American proposals."--Foreign Affairs "A thoroughly researched and clearly written study.... no one studying the creation of the Japanese constitution following the Pacific war can ignore this fine and analytical study, with an extensive listing of sources and a bibliography including Japanese references. We owe an immense debt to professors Moore and Robinson for enlarging our knowledge of this vital moment in both American and Japanese history."--Journal of American History "The most detailed and reliable book that has been written in English on the formulating process of Japan's present Constitution by two authors who are specialists in modern Japanese history and American Constitutional development. This book reveals in great detail, for the first time the drafting process of the GHQ/SCAP version based on interviews with, and the private papers of Colonel Kades, the main drafter of the Constitution. This book, from an original point of view, throws light on the present debate on Japanese Constitutional revision which is the most serious political issues of the postwar period."--Shoichi Koseki Professor of Constitutional Law Dokkyo University, Japan "A fascinating inside story of the process of drafting a constitution that achieved widespread acceptance in Japan as the foundation of democracy.... Highly Recommended"--Choice

Abbreviations and Japanese Termsp. xiii
Introduction: "A New Order of Things"p. 3
Fall 1945
"Negotiated Surrender": American Planning and Occupationp. 23
"This Fundamental Problem": MacArthur Saves Hirohitop. 36
"In Good Faith": Japan Considers Constitutional Reformp. 50
"A Rational Way": Konoe and Matsumoto on Constitutional Reformp. 64
Imposing the American Model
"Only as a Last Resort": The Americans Take Overp. 81
"A Liberal and Enlightened Constitution": The SCAP Modelp. 93
"A Very Serious Matter": The Cabinet's Initial Reactionsp. 111
"Do Your Best": The Marathon Meetingp. 124
"Grave Danger": The Allies Challenge MacArthurp. 142
"Seize This Opportunity": Reworking the March 6 Draftp. 155
"No Choice But to Abide": The Privy Council and Bureaucrats Preparep. 165
Transforming a Draft into a Constitution
Preview: The Diet Goes to Workp. 183
"Along Democratic and Peace-Loving Lines": Yoshida Presents His Draftp. 185
"Free and Untrammeled Debate": The Emperor's Prerogativesp. 192
"Fervent Hopes": Pacifism and Human Rightsp. 211
"Complex and Labyrinthine": The Structure of Governmentp. 231
"Fresh Trouble": The House Subcommittee Frames Amendmentsp. 240
"Fundamental Principles of Democracy": Human Rights and Imperial Propertyp. 251
"Sincere and Steady Efforts": Denouementp. 269
"Last Service to the Fatherland": The House of Peers Addresses Constitutional Revisionp. 282
"A Borrowed Suit": Peers Accept the Inevitablep. 294
Sequel
"Broaden and Deepen the Debate": Fifty Years without Revisionp. 317
Conclusionp. 329
Notesp. 339
Bibliographyp. 385
Indexp. 393
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780195151169
ISBN-10: 019515116X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 424
Published: 1st January 2003
Publisher: Oxford University Press Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 24.0 x 16.3  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.74