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Parents' Cultural Belief Systems : Their Origins, Expressions And Consequences - Sara Harkness

Parents' Cultural Belief Systems

Their Origins, Expressions And Consequences

By: Sara Harkness (Editor), Charles M. Super (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 24th November 1995
ISBN: 9781572300316
Number Of Pages: 558

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In recent years, psychological interest in the cultural dimensions of parents' beliefs has been stimulated by studies of ethnic differences in developmental expectations and the identification of cultural themes in childrearing. This volume offers a multifaceted view of parents' cultural belief systems, their origins in culturally constructed parental experience, their expressions in parental practices, and their consequences for children's well-being and growth. Discussing issues with implications beyond the study of parenthood, the book shows how the analysis of child outcomes related to parents' cultural belief systems (or parental ethnotheories) can provide valuable insights into the nature and meaning of family and self in society and, in some cases, a basis for culturally sensitive therapeutic interventions.

"This book is an invaluable resource for anyone thinking about or teaching about the role of culture in human development. By considering intracultural as well as intercultural variability, Harkness and Super have assembled a volume that gives serious consideration to shared group cultures, while respecting individual differences within a culture, thus avoiding the dangerous ground of stereotypes.

"Cultural meanings are critical for understanding cultural differences; consequently, parents' cultural belief systems are critical to understanding cultural differences in child development. Harkness and Super's book is the first to devote an entire volume to this important topic.

"Because, as Harkness and Super point out, cultural models of development are implicit rather than explicit, the scientist's own cultural model can be mistaken for a universal theory of development. By sampling parents' beliefs about the nature and goals of development across most regions of the world--North America, Western Europe, Far East and Pacific, Africa, and Latin America--this book lays the groundwork for the first theory of human development to have universality without ethnocentrism." --Patricia M. Greenfield, Ph.D., Professor of Psychology, UCLA

"This volume is the most extensive and compelling effort to date to examine the nature and ramifications of parents' belief systems. It encompasses dozens of cultures and diverse domains of child development, ranging from sleep and temperament to school learning, work, and relationships. In no other source are cultural variations so effectively used to illuminate principles that link culture and family processes. It is `must' reading for developmental scholars, regardless of discipline." --W. Andrew Collins, Ph.D., Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota

"Harkness and Super's concept of the `developmental niche' is currently the most influential theory in the study of cross-cultural human development. This volume provides empirical flesh around the core component of the `developmental niche': parental ethnotherapies or cultural belief systems. The collection of chapters presents a wide coverage, to include theory and methods as well as research results, in a variety of settings; while most first authors are based in the U.S., the studies are often carried out with colleagues indigenous to the societies being studied, and there is in particular a good sample of studies from Europe and Japan.

"The volume is extremely well balanced in representing both cultural and cross-cultural psychology, qualitative as well as quantitative methodologies, and intra-cultural variation as well as cross-cultural comparisons. Because of its multi-disciplinary approach, this volume will appeal to researchers in a variety of fields such as anthropology, developmental psychology and sociology and to practitioners in pediatrics and education, and generally speaking to those concerned with providing optimal conditions for child development.

"All in all, a most welcome and timely addition to the field." --Pierre R. Dasen, Ph.D., Professor of Anthropology and Education, University of Geneva, Switzerland

"In the study of parent-child relationships, parenting beliefs--that is, parents' understandings, ideas, and attitudes about parenting and children and child development--may occupy a unique position. Further, in the study of culture, a central expectation is that parents will possess a system of such beliefs and that parents will behave in childbearing in ways that accord with those beliefs. Parental belief systems doubtlessly serve many functions: They motivate parenting behaviors or determine how effective those behaviors are; they help to order parenting; and they affect parents' sense of self, satisfaction, and competence. In a larger sense, they may contribute to the `continuity of culture' by mediating the transmission of culture across generations. This timely volume crystallizes the new domain of `parental ethnotheories' and addresses key topics and approaches, including associations between parenting beliefs and parenting behaviors as well as parenting beliefs and child development." --Marc H. Bornstein, Ph.D., National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

"The distinguishing merits of this new text include the authors; linking of research to theory development, understanding the dynamic origins of parents' cultural belief systems and within-culture variance, and insight into everyday expression of culture specific practices. The authors of the book do an outstanding job of orienting scientists to variables of practical interest and the theoretical foundations from which they emanate. Many of the targeted outcomes discussed in the chapters ...are issues that routinely engage clinicians." --Bette Keltner, University of Alabama at Birmingham, American Journal on Mental Retardation

" The major strengths of the book are its inter-disciplinary nature, its consideration of both theoretical and methodological issues, and its attention to cross-cultural variations, ...could serve as a supplementary text in a graduate course." --Ralph LaRossa, Georgia State University, Journal of Marriage and the Family

Introduction, Harkness and Super
Theoretical Perspectives
Parents' Free Descriptions of Child Characteristics: A Cross-Cultural Search for the Developmental Antecendents of the Big Five, Kohnstamm, Halverson, Havill, and Mervielde
Processes of Generalization in Parental Reasoning, Valsiner and Litvinovic
The Answer Depends on the Question: A Conceptual and Methodological Analysis of a Parent Belief Behavior Interview Regarding Children's Learning, Sigel and Kim
The Nature and Origins of Parents' Cultural Belief Systems
Essential Contrasts: Differences in Parental Ideas About Learners and Teaching in Tahiti and Nepal, Levy
How do Children Develop Knowledge?: Beliefs of Tansanian and American Mothers, McGillicuddy-De Lisi and Subramanian
Japanese Mothers' Ideas about Infants and Temperament, Shwalb, Shwalb, and Shoji
Scenes from a Marriage: Equality Ideology in Swedish Family Policy, Maternal Ethnotheories, and Practice, Welles-Nystrom
Intracultural Variation: The Role of Education and "Experts"
Parents' and Adolescents' Ideas on Children: Origins and Transmission of Intracultural Diversity, Palacios and Moreno
Education and Mother Infant Interaction: A Mexican Case Study, LeVine, Miller, Richman, and LeVine
The Contrasting Developmental Timetables of Parents and Preschool Teachers in Two Cultural Communities, Edwards, Gandini, and Giovaninni
Ask the Doctor: The Negotiation of Cultural Models in American Parent Pediatrician Discourse, Harkness, Super, Keefer, Raghavan, and Kipp
The Instantiation of Parents' Cultural Belief Systems in Practices
from Household Practices to Parents' Ideas About Work and Interpersonal Relationships, Goodnow
How Mayan Parental Theories Come Into Play, Gaskins
Parental Theories in the Management of Young Children's Sleep in Japan, Italy, and the United States, Wolf, Lozoff, Latz, and Pauladetto
Maternal Beliefs and Infant-Care Practices in Italy and the United States, New and Richman
The Consequences of Parents' Cultural Belief Systems for Children's Health and Development
My Child is My Crown: Yoruba Parental Theories and Practices in Early Childhood, Zeitlin
Growth Consequences of Low-Income Nicaraguan Mothers' Theories About Feeding 1-Year-Olds, Engle, Zeitlin, and Medrano
The "Three R's" of Dutch Childrearing and the Socialization of Infant Arousal, Super, Harkness, van Tijen, van der Flugt, Fintelman, and Dijkstra
Imagining and Engaging One's Children: Lessons from Poor, Rural New England Mothers, Bond, Belenky, Weinstock, and Cook
American Cultural Models of Early Influence and Parent Recognition of Developmental Delays: is Earlier Always Better Than Later?, Weisner, Matheson, and Bernheimer
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781572300316
ISBN-10: 1572300310
Series: Culture and Human Development
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 558
Published: 24th November 1995
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.6  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.87