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Parasitoids : Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology - H. Charles J. Godfray

Parasitoids

Behavioral and Evolutionary Ecology

Paperback

Published: 1st December 1993
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Parasitoids lay their eggs on or in the bodies of other species of insect, and the parasitoid larvae develop by feeding on the host, causing its eventual death. Known for a long time to applied biologists for their importance in regulating the population densities of economic pests, parasitoids have recently proven to be valuable tools in testing many aspects of evolutionary theory. This book synthesizes the work of both schools of parasitoid biology and asks how a consideration of evolutionary biology can help us understand the behavior, ecology, and diversity of the approximately one to two million species of parasitoid found on earth.

After a general introduction to parasitoid natural history and taxonomy, the first part of the book treats the different components of the reproductive strategy of parasitoids: searching for a host, host selection, clutch size, and the sex ratio. Subsequent chapters discuss pathogens and non-Mendelian genetic elements that affect sexual reproduction; evolutionary aspects of the physiological interactions between parasitoid and host; mating strategies; life history theory and community ecology. A special effort is made to discuss the theoretical background to the subject, but without the use of mathematics.

One of Choice's Outstanding Academic Titles for 1994 "Godfray gives us an interesting and complete review of the taxonomy, evolution, and natural history of parasitoids ... [however] the true value of this book lies in its synthesis of theoretical and empirical aspects of parasitoid biology."--Behavioral Ecology

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 3
Parasitoid Definitionsp. 6
Parasitoid Natural Historyp. 7
Unusual Life Historiesp. 10
Parasitoid Taxonomyp. 16
Evolutionary Transitionsp. 21
Conclusionsp. 24
Host Locationp. 26
Conceptual Models of Host Locationp. 26
Mechanisms of Host Locationp. 29
Learningp. 42
Comparative Studies of Host Locationp. 48
Patch Usep. 50
Conclusionsp. 81
Oviposition Behaviorp. 83
Host Acceptancep. 83
Clutch Sizep. 99
Superparasitismp. 126
Conclusionsp. 149
Sex Ratiop. 151
Sex Determination in Parasitoid Waspsp. 152
Fisher's Principlep. 156
Local Mate Competition and Sex Ratio in Structured Populationsp. 161
Sex Ratio and Host Qualityp. 192
Other Factorsp. 202
Conclusionsp. 210
Selfish Genetic Elementsp. 212
Non-Mendelian Genetic Elements in Nasoniap. 212
Microorganisms and Thelytokyp. 218
Primary Male Production in Heteronomous Hyperparasitoidsp. 221
Gregarious Oviposition in Muscidifuraxp. 222
Conclusionsp. 224
The Immature Parasitoidp. 225
Host Quality and the Juvenile Parasitoidp. 226
Host Defensesp. 231
Countermeasuresp. 235
Host Manipulation by Endoparasitoidsp. 248
Interactions between Immature Parasitoidsp. 255
Conclusionsp. 258
The Adult Parasitoidp. 260
Size and Fitnessp. 260
Matingp. 265
Resource Defense and Maternal Carep. 284
Host Defense against the Adult Parasitoidp. 285
Dispersalp. 291
Defense from Predatorsp. 298
Host Synchronizationp. 301
Conclusionsp. 306
Life Histories and Community Patternsp. 307
Life History Evolutionp. 307
Host Range and Parasitoid Species Loadp. 321
Parasitoid Diversityp. 355
Conclusionsp. 364
Referencesp. 367
Author Indexp. 449
Subject Indexp. 459
Taxonomic Indexp. 465
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691000473
ISBN-10: 0691000476
Series: Monographs in Behavior and Ecology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 484
Published: 1st December 1993
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.37 x 15.44  x 3.12
Weight (kg): 0.71