1.1. AIMS AND ASSUMPTIONS This book presents an analysis of infinitival complement constructions in Old French (OF) from the perspective of the Government-Binding (GB) framework. It aims, therefore, to establish within the terms of the GB framework just how the OF constructions are to be characterized and in just what sense they can or cannot be compared with the corresponding constructions in other Romance languages. The GB framework is an articulated theory about the structure of language which is based on the view that the aim of research into language is to construct a description of language which accurately reflects its essential nature. Whilst we know that individual languages may appear to be superficially very different, we also know that all languages are capable of expressing complex concepts and that all children acquire mastery of the language or languages to which they are exposed. The task, therefore, is to determine both the properties which languages have in common and the bounds within which they may differ.
In the pursuit of these aims, the study of various languages of the Romance family has provided a rich source of material for the develop- ment of the descriptive apparatus. Evidence of the contribution supplied by such work is apparent in references to Romance material in Chomsky (1981, 1982), in volumes such as Jaeggli (1982), Rizzi (1982a), Kayne (1984b), Burzio (1986), and in numerous papers devoted to particular constructions in a variety of Romance languages.
1: Introduction.- 1.1. Aims and Assumptions.- 1.2. Infinitival Complements in Old French.- 1.3. Government-Binding Theory.- 1.4. Old French.- 1.4.1. The Language.- 1.4.2. Data Base.- 1.5. Outline.- Notes.- 2: Romance Infinitival Complements.- 2.0. Introduction.- 2.1. Comparable Characteristics of Infinitivals in Old French, Modern Italian and Modern Spanish.- 2.1.1. Pronoun Cliticization.- 2.1.2. Negation of the Infinitival Phrase.- 2.1.3. Object Preposing.- 2.1.4. Auxiliary Switch.- 2.1.5. Summary.- 2.2. "Reduced Clause" Analyses.- 2.2.1. Transformational Analyses.- 2.2.2. Government-Binding Analyses.- 126.96.36.199. Three Approaches.- 188.8.131.52. Structural Modification.- 184.108.40.206. Base Generation.- 220.127.116.11. Paired Structures.- Notes.- 3: The Romance Causative.- 3.0. Introduction.- 3.1. Fare S versus Fare VP.- 3.2. The Extension of Fare VP.- 3.2.0. Introduction.- 3.2.1. The Internal Structure of the VP.- 3.2.2. VP Structure and ?-role Assignment.- 3.2.3. Properties of Causative VP Complexes.- 3.3. Against an Objection to Fare [+V].- 3.4. Summary and Implications.- Notes.- 4: Non-Causative Pro-MV-Inf Constructions.- 4.0 Introduction.- 4.1. [+V] Complements in Pro-MV-Inf Constructions.- 4.2. Case Assignment and ?-roles.- 4.3. Burzio's S Complement Account.- 4.4. ?-roles and Pro-MV-Inf Constructions.- 4.5. The Assignment of Essere.- 4.6. Constructions with Ne.- 4.7. Some Diachronic Implications.- 4.8. Summary.- Notes.- 5: Causatives in Old French.- 5.0. Introduction.- 5.1. Romance Causatives.- 5.2. The Causative Construction in Old French.- 5.3. Analysis of Old French Data.- 5.3.1. Case Marking.- 5.3.2. Case Marking and Noun/Pronoun Effects.- 5.3.3. Patterns of Verb Class Membership.- 5.4. Syntactic Properties of Causative Type Complements in Old French.- 5.4.1. Case Assignment.- 5.4.2. Pronouns and Dative Case.- 5.4.3. Verb Classes.- 5.5. Case Assignment and Impersonal Verbs.- 5.6. The Causative Faire.- 5.6.0. Causative Characteristics.- 5.6.1. Reflexives in the Causative Construction.- 5.6.2. Subsequent Evolution.- 5.6.3. The Structure of [+V] Causative Complements in Old French.- 5.7. Summary.- Notes.- 6: Non-Causative Infinitival Complements in Old French.- 6.0. Introduction.- 6.1. Infinitival Complements in Old French.- 6.1.1. Two Classes of Infinitival Complements.- 6.1.2. Structural Characteristics.- 6.2. Pronouns as Indicators of Structure.- 6.2.1. Pronoun Morphology.- 6.2.2. Pronoun Placement Patterns and Structure.- 6.3. Ordering of Weak Pronouns.- 6.3.1. Enclisis Versus Proclisis.- 6.3.2. Changes in Clitic Attachment.- 6.3.3. The Development of Pre-VInf Cliticization.- 6.4. INFL, Verb Raising and Clitic Movement.- 6.4.1. L-Marking and Clitic Movement.- 6.4.2. Verb Raising and Proclitic Attachment.- 6.5. Summary.- Notes.- Appendix A.- Appendix B.- References.- (a) Texts.- (b) Studies.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects.
Series: Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory
Number Of Pages: 330
Published: 28th February 1990
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.48
Edition Type: New edition