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Parameter Setting in Language Acquisition - Dalila Ayoun

Parameter Setting in Language Acquisition

Paperback Published: 28th February 2005
ISBN: 9780826476074
Number Of Pages: 224

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This book provides a broad overview of parameter-setting theory in first and second language acquisition and refines the theory by revisiting and challenging the traditional assumptions that underlie it, based on cross linguistic language data that cover a range of syntactic and phonological phenomena. From a historical perspective on parameter-setting theory to an introduction to its role in computational linguistics, neurolinguistics, and language change, the reader will find a critique of the most commonly made arguments, as well as an index of all the syntactic, phonological, lexical, and morphological parameters presented in the literature to date. A closer look at the theory itself addresses the following questions: What does a parameter-setting approach to language acquisition entail? What are the underpinnings of the theory? What issues and problems remain to be solved?

Acknowledgmentsp. ix
Introductionp. 1
Backgroundp. 5
Introductionp. 5
A historical perspectivep. 5
From micro-parameters to macro-parametersp. 8
Introductionp. 8
Micro-parametersp. 9
Macro-parametersp. 10
Parameters and language changep. 12
Parameters and pidgin/creole languagesp. 14
Computational perspectivep. 16
Neurolinguistic perspectivep. 18
Challenges to parameter-setting theoryp. 20
Universal Grammar and cognitionp. 21
The Critical Period Hypothesisp. 22
Non-parametric accountsp. 26
Concluding remarksp. 26
Notesp. 27
Parameter-(re)setting theoryp. 29
Introductionp. 29
The Maturation Hypothesisp. 30
The Continuity Hypothesisp. 34
Reconciling the Maturation Hypothesis and the Continuity Hypothesisp. 37
Relevance to parameter settingp. 39
Is there a triggering problem?p. 41
What is a trigger?p. 43
Unanswered questionsp. 43
Degrees of learnability and exposurep. 44
Hints from creole languages and language changep. 45
Triggers as cuesp. 46
Triggers as structuresp. 48
Setting parameters in first language acquisitionp. 50
Positive evidence versus negative evidencep. 50
The Subset Principlep. 53
Initial settingp. 55
How early are parameters set?p. 59
Parameter orderingp. 61
(Re)setting parameters in adult second language acquisitionp. 62
A non-parametric approach to adult second language acquisitionp. 66
Concluding remarksp. 68
Notesp. 69
Parameters of Universal Grammarp. 71
Introductionp. 71
Defining a parameterp. 71
Phonological parametersp. 73
Lexical parametersp. 76
Webelhuth (1992)p. 76
Juffs (1993)p. 77
Morphological parametersp. 78
Syntactic parametersp. 78
Null subject parameterp. 80
Optional subject pronounsp. 85
Nominal subject inversionp. 85
Expletivesp. 85
That-trace effectp. 86
French as a null subject languagep. 86
Verb movement parameterp. 87
Negation placementp. 88
Adverb placementp. 89
Floating quantifiersp. 90
Inverted questionsp. 90
Theoretical issuesp. 91
What triggers verb movement?p. 92
Learnability implicationsp. 94
Concluding remarksp. 95
Notesp. 96
Experimental studies in first and second language acquisitionp. 99
Introductionp. 99
Language data and syntactic theoryp. 100
Methodological concernsp. 101
Null subject parameterp. 104
First language acquisition studiesp. 104
Second language acquisition studiesp. 104
Verb movement parameterp. 107
First language acquisition studiesp. 107
Second language acquisition studiesp. 109
Studies related to verb movementp. 117
Concluding remarksp. 119
Notesp. 120
Revisiting traditional assumptionsp. 123
Introductionp. 123
Binarity and parametersp. 124
Examples of binary parametersp. 125
Examples of multi-valued parametersp. 128
"Mixed language" phenomenonp. 130
Phonological parametersp. 130
Verb movement phenomenap. 131
Binding theoryp. 136
Null subject phenomenap. 137
Summaryp. 143
Learnability considerations in first language acquisitionp. 143
Theoretical considerationsp. 143
Empirical evidencep. 145
Learnability considerations in second language acquisitionp. 148
Theoretical considerationsp. 148
Empirical evidencep. 151
Concluding remarksp. 153
Notesp. 157
Conclusionp. 159
Notep. 162
Languages exhibiting null subjects/argumentsp. 163
Bibliographyp. 165
Subject indexp. 205
Name indexp. 208
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780826476074
ISBN-10: 0826476074
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 224
Published: 28th February 2005
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.27 x 16.05  x 1.75
Weight (kg): 0.41
Edition Number: 1
Edition Type: New edition

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