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Paradigms of Personality Assessment - Jerry S. Wiggins

Paradigms of Personality Assessment

Hardcover

Published: 6th August 2003
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From distinguished scholar and teacher Jerry S. Wiggins, this authoritative text offers a uniquely integrative introduction to adult personality assessment. Part 1 identifies five major assessment paradigms -- psychodynamic, interpersonal, personological, multivariate, and empirical. Examined are the history of each paradigm, key figures in its development, and the current status of favored instruments and approaches. In Part 2, leading representatives of each paradigm are invited to interpret extensive test and interview data collected from a single subject. The resulting "collaborative case study" facilitates comparison of techniques, theories, and interpretations; illuminates the unique contributions of each paradigm; and suggests areas of common ground and potential integration. Special features include numerous clearly presented timelines and charts.

"This book is the mature work of a wise and gifted scholar and writer. It beautifully describes the essence of five approaches to personality assessment. From the opening pages, the reader is engaged - and rewarded - with a sympathetic yet balanced appreciation of each approach. Using his own rich personal experiences and his encyclopedic academic knowledge, Jerry S. Wiggins has provided numerous impressive insights into fascinating ideas and the people who generated them. - Leonard M. Horowitz, PhD, Stanford University; In this long-awaited book, one of the recognized giants of personality assessment has summarized the history and state of the art of five assessment paradigms. Wiggins's approach might be described as 'zealous eclecticism': his broad scholarship is infused with genuine enthusiasm for each paradigm. He offers a theoretical integration in a chapter on agency and communion, and has assembled a cast of experts to illustrate their methods in what will doubtless become a celebrated case history. This is an essential text for anyone who assesses personality. It is suitable for use in graduate-level clinical psychology courses, as well as personality courses for graduates and advanced undergrads. - Robert R. McCrae; This book articulates a vision of the theory and practice of personality assessment that will inform beginners and experts alike. Wiggins's portrayal of different traditions in the field highlights the goals and accomplishments of each approach, and successfully transmits the excitement and fascination with assessment that is characteristic of practitioners. This is not a 'how-to-do-it' text, but a thoughtful, scholarly, and readable consideration of central questions in assessment. Beginning students will find this volume a welcome introduction to personality assessment vivified by a multifaceted study of a single case; more advanced readers will find a coherent vision that integrates theory and practice. There is no comparable treatment of the scientific and practical foundations of personality assessment. Daniel J. Ozer, University of California, Riverside"

Introductionp. 1
Personality, Measurement, and Assessmentp. 1
Paradigms in the Natural and Social Sciencesp. 4
Science and Personality Assessment: Limitations of the Analogyp. 5
The Development of Personality Assessment Communitiesp. 6
Paradigms of Assessment in Clinical Practicep. 9
Plan of the Bookp. 11
What This Book Is Not Aboutp. 16
Personal Recollections of Paradigmsp. 16
The Five Paradigms and Their Convergences
The Psychodynamic Paradigmp. 25
The Two Disciplines of Psychoanalysisp. 25
Conceptual Background of the Psychodynamic Paradigmp. 27
Conceptual Background of Projective Methodsp. 33
The Psychodynamic Tradition in Clinical Personality Assessmentp. 34
The Menninger Assessment Batteryp. 35
The Rorschach Inkblot Testp. 37
The Validity of the Rorschachp. 48
The Comprehensive System and the Psychodynamic Paradigmp. 50
Contrasting Views on the Current Status of the Rorschachp. 53
The Thematic Apperception Testp. 54
The Wechsler Scalesp. 57
Current Trends within the Psychodynamic Paradigmp. 60
The Interpersonal Paradigmp. 63
Metapsychological Considerations: I. The Nature of Interpersonal Fieldsp. 63
Metapsychological Considerations: II. The Individual and Societyp. 65
The Interpersonal Circumplexp. 67
Historical Development of the Interpersonal Paradigmp. 71
Representative Assessment Instrumentsp. 73
Interpretive Principlesp. 76
Defining and Evaluating Circumplex Structurep. 78
Classification of Personality Scales with the Interpersonal Circumplexp. 83
Axioms of Contemporary Interpersonal Theoryp. 85
The Nature of Interpersonal Spacep. 87
Clinical Applications of the Interpersonal Circumplexp. 90
Overviewp. 91
The Personological Paradigmp. 93
Historical Overview of the Personological Paradigmp. 93
Case Studies and Psychobiographiesp. 97
Classic Studies in Psychobiographyp. 99
Characteristics of a More Recent Psychobiographical Studyp. 108
Conceptual Frameworks of the Personological Paradigmp. 109
Assessment Methodsp. 113
Interpretive Principlesp. 114
Current Trends in Psychobiographyp. 117
Applications and Current Statusp. 120
Overviewp. 121
The Multivariate Paradigmp. 123
Origins of the Multivariate Paradigmp. 123
Essentials of Factor Analysisp. 125
Recent History of the Multivariate Paradigmp. 130
The Emergence of the "Big Five" Factorsp. 135
Assessment Instrumentsp. 138
Comparative Validity of Multivariate Inventoriesp. 146
Clinical Applications and Current Statusp. 151
Additional Issues in the Application of the FFM to the Personality Disordersp. 156
Application of the FFM to Clinical Practicep. 158
Heredity Revisitedp. 161
Overviewp. 162
The Empirical Paradigmp. 164
The Disease Model of Mental Illnessp. 164
Origins of the MMPIp. 165
Description of the MMPIp. 167
Contrasting Views on the Meaning of Test Responsesp. 174
Evolution and Development of the Paradigmp. 175
Source Books in the Early Historical Development of the Paradigmp. 179
Source Books in the Contemporary Development of the Paradigm: The MMPI-2 and MMPI-Ap. 182
Overviewp. 191
Convergences among Paradigms: The Individual and Societyp. 193
Metapsychological Considerationsp. 193
Agency and Communion within the Paradigms of Personality Assessmentp. 194
The Psychodynamic Paradigmp. 195
The Interpersonal Paradigmp. 197
The Personological Paradigmp. 198
The Multivariate Paradigmp. 200
The Empirical Paradigmp. 201
Influence of a Single Theorist across Paradigmsp. 206
A Collaborative Case Study
Personological Assessment: The Life Story of Madeline Gp. 213
Assessment Methods and Rationalep. 213
Descriptive Summaryp. 215
Interpretationp. 220
Psychodynamic Assessmentp. 226
Assessment Methods and Rationalep. 226
Diagnostic Understandingp. 227
Functioning within a Highly Structured Contextp. 229
Overall Intellectual Functioningp. 232
Functioning within an Interpersonal Contextp. 235
Functioning within an Ambiguous Contextp. 239
Self and Othersp. 242
Summary of the Findingsp. 245
Interpersonal Assessmentp. 246
Our Approach to Assessmentp. 246
Interpersonal Assessment Methodsp. 247
Resultsp. 251
Standard IAS and IIP-C Profilesp. 253
Interpretationp. 253
Multivariate Assessment: NEO PI-R Profiles of Madeline Gp. 262
Two Perspectives on Madeline G.p. 263
An Integrated Portraitp. 266
Personality Styles: Factor Pairsp. 269
Facet-Level Interpretationp. 272
Potential Problems in Livingp. 277
Personality and the Life Coursep. 278
Empirical Assessment: The MMPI-2 Profile of Madeline Gp. 281
An Annotated MMPI-2 Interpretationp. 283
An MMPI-2 Narrative Interpretationp. 293
Madeline's MMPI-2 Profile in the Context of Her Life Storyp. 294
Constructive Alternativism in Personality Assessment: Madeline G from Multiple Perspectivesp. 296
Some Highlights within Each of the Paradigmsp. 297
Convergences and Divergences across the Assessmentsp. 302
A Peer Review of Madeline Gp. 312
Madeline since the Assessmentsp. 317
Codap. 325
Why This Book?p. 325
Why Not the Other Book?p. 326
The Hows of This Bookp. 327
Agency and Communion in the Final Stages of This Bookp. 328
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Protocolp. 331
Rorschach Protocolp. 334
Rorschach Scoringp. 339
Rorschach Scoring Summaryp. 340
Object Relations Inventory (ORI) Protocolp. 341
Referencesp. 343
Indexp. 379
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781572309135
ISBN-10: 157230913X
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 386
Published: 6th August 2003
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.9  x 3.8
Weight (kg): 0.69
Edition Number: 1