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Pali : A Grammar of the Language of the Theravada Tipitaka with a Concordance to Pischel's Grammatik der Prakrit-Sprachen :  A Grammar of the Language of the Theravada Tipitaka with a Concordance to Pischel's Grammatik der Prakrit-Sprachen - Thomas Oberlies

Pali : A Grammar of the Language of the Theravada Tipitaka with a Concordance to Pischel's Grammatik der Prakrit-Sprachen

A Grammar of the Language of the Theravada Tipitaka with a Concordance to Pischel's Grammatik der Prakrit-Sprachen

Hardcover Published: 2001
ISBN: 9783110167634
Number Of Pages: 385
For Ages: 22+ years old

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This text presents a full decription of Pali, the language used in the Theravada Buddhist canon, which is still alive in Ceylon and South-East Asia. The development of its phonological and morphological systems is traced in detail from Old Indic. Comprehensive references to comparable features and phenomena from other Middle Indic languages mean that this grammar can also be used to study the literature of Jainism.

Pali and the Indo-Aryan languagesp. 1
Pali and Asokan Prakritp. 1
The proto-canonical language of Buddhismp. 3
The Mahavihara traditionp. 5
Pali and (Vedic) Sanskritp. 6
Pali-/Vedic-isoglossesp. 9
The orthography of the Pali textsp. 14
Vowel quantity, word finals and word rhythm
The 'law of mora'p. 17
The vowel systemp. 17
The 'law of mora'p. 17
Metathesis quantitatump. 20
Compensatory lengthening of vowelsp. 20
Replacement of a (OIA / MIA) long vowel by -Vm-p. 21
Word-finals and word rhythmp. 24
Development of (OIA) word finalsp. 24
Development of final visargap. 25
Word-finalsp. 26
Development of final long vowels ('Insler's law')p. 26
Nasalisation of final vowelsp. 26
Interchange of -am and -ap. 28
The vowels
The vowel ap. 29
The vowel ap. 34
The vowel ip. 38
The vowel ip. 46
The vowel up. 50
The vowel up. 55
The vowel ep. 59
The vowel op. 64
The consonants
The consonant systemp. 70
Consonantal sound changep. 74
Aspiration of word-initial k, t, p and bp. 74
Voicing of intervocalic tenuesp. 76
Loss of intervocalic mediaep. 78
Replacement of original mediae by tenuesp. 79
Cerebralisation of t(h) after r and rp. 80
Cerebralisation of the initial of [check mark] dams and [check mark] dahp. 81
Cerebralisation of n after u, o, v and a palatalp. 81
(a) Dissimilation and (b) assimilation of y into vp. 82
Gemination of y after i and ep. 83
r and lp. 84
kho < khalup. 84
y - l, y - rp. 85
Simplification of geminate consonantsp. 85
(a) Assimilation and (b) dissmilation of consonantsp. 86
Unetymological aspiration in medial syllablesp. 89
Rem. Development of an (OIA) aspirate into -h-p. 90
Doubling of a consonant at the seam of compoundsp. 91
Development of OIA word-initial consonantsp. 93
Word-initial consonantsp. 93
Development of the initial of [check mark] sthap. 94
Development of [not equal]sm-p. 95
Development of [not equal]s(v)-, [not equal]s-, [not equal]ks- and [not equal]sk-p. 95
Assimilation of clusters of two (OIA) consonantsp. 95
Types of (Pali) consonant clustersp. 95
Rem. -ch- < -cch-p. 97
Aspiration of consonant clusters by a sibilantp. 98
nn < nc / jnp. 98
General rule of consonantal assimilationp. 98
Rem. tippa-< tivra-p. 99
Cerebralisation of a dental by a preceding rp. 100
Development of -tm-, -dm- and -sm-p. 100
'Irregular' assimilation in colloquial wordsp. 100
Multiple development to differentiate meaningp. 101
Change of the mode of articulationp. 101
Rem. Non-assimilation of consonant clustersp. 102
Assimilation of clusters of three (OIA) consonantsp. 104
Peculiar assimilation of (OIA) consonant clustersp. 105
-cch- < -ts(y)- / -ps(y)-p. 105
-kkh- / -cch- < -ks-p. 106
Development of clusters of h and nasals or y / vp. 107
Rem. The Pali word brahmana-p. 107
Development of clusters of sibilants and nasalsp. 108
Insertion of -t- and -b-p. 108
Development of a cluster of v and an occlusivep. 109
Simplification of (Pali) -ss-p. 109
Deaspiration of (Pali) CC[superscript h]-clustersp. 110
Assimilation of clusters at the boundary of compoundsp. 111
Assimilation and splitting-up of consonant clustersp. 112
Irregular sound changesp. 114
Haplologyp. 114
Syncopep. 115
Metathesisp. 115
Vocalic sandhip. 116
Consonantal sandhip. 120
Rem. Peculiar compounds of Palip. 122
Bridging of hiatusp. 124
Lengthening of -am before an encliticp. 127
Dropping of initial vowels (in sandhi)p. 128
The noun
Introductionp. 130
(Loss of) the dualp. 130
Transfer of stemsp. 131
The case systemp. 136
The suffix -top. 137
Merging of instr. and abl. pl.p. 137
Case syncretismp. 137
Haplology of endingsp. 138
Paradigmsp. 140
a-inflexionp. 142
Nom. sg. masc. in -o / -ep. 142
Instr. sg. in -a / -asap. 142
(Alleged) dat. sg. in -ap. 142
Abl. sg. in -ato / -ahi / -amp. 143
Voc. sg. in -a / -am / -ep. 144
Nom. (/acc.) pl. masc. in -aso / -ase (/ -ani)p. 145
Acc. pl. masc. in -ep. 145
Instr. / abl. pl. in -ehi / -ebhi / -ep. 146
Gen. pl. in -ana(m)p. 147
Nom. sg. / pl. ntr. in -e / -ap. 147
Rem. (Alleged) 'eastern' loc. pl. in -ehip. 149
a-inflexionp. 149
Instr. in -aya / -ap. 149
Abl. in -atop. 150
Loc. sg. in -ayep. 150
Nom. / acc. / voc. pl. in -ayop. 150
i/u-inflexionp. 151
Historical and analogical case-formsp. 151
Nom. / voc. sg. in -i / -up. 151
Voc. sg. in -e / -op. 152
n-endingsp. 152
Confusion of nom. and acc. pl.p. 152
Nom. / acc. pl. in -iyo and -uyop. 153
Instr. and loc. pl. in -ihi, -isu, -uhi, -usup. 153
Instr. pl. in -ibhip. 153
Plural forms with short stem vowelp. 153
Voc. bhikkhave - bhikkhavop. 154
Rem. Forms due to confusion of genderp. 154
Inflexion of sakhi- 'friend'p. 155
i(n)- / mi(n)- / vi(n)-inflexionp. 156
Inflexion of nomina verbalia in [superscript o]u-p. 159
i/u-inflexionp. 160
The paradigmp. 160
Historical formsp. 160
Oblique sg. in -iya and -uyap. 161
Abl. in -top. 162
Loc. sg. in -op. 162
Nom. / acc. pl. in -iyop. 163
Oblique pl. in -i-p. 163
Nom. pl. najjayop. 163
Rem. Inflexion of itthi-, siri- and hiri-p. 164
Inflexion of diphthong-stemsp. 164
Inflexion of go- and div-p. 164
Inflexion of gava-p. 165
Inflexion of gona-p. 165
Rem. The acc. gavum.p. 165
Inflexion of root-nouns and consonantal stemsp. 165
Root nouns and consonantal stems without ablautp. 165
Transfer of [superscript o]as- into a-stems (e.g. comparatives)p. 166
n-inflexionp. 168
a(r)-inflexionp. 172
ma(nt)- / va(nt)- / -a(nt)-inflexionp. 175
Rem. (a) Participle transformed into absolutivep. 177
Rem. (b) visodhaye, Dhp 281p. 179
Rem. (c) sampajana-p. 180
The pronouns
Inflexion of the personal pronoun: 1st and 2nd personp. 180
Inflexion of the ta(d)-p. 184
Inflexion of eta(d), ya(d)- and (e)na(d)-p. 186
Inflexion of ki(m)-p. 187
Inflexion of ida(m)-p. 188
Inflexion of amu-p. 189
Inflexion of pronominal adjectivesp. 190
The numerals
The cardinalsp. 192
The ordinalsp. 197
Numeral derivativesp. 198
The verb
The verb systemp. 199
atthip. 206
bhavati / hotip. 208
karotip. 210
dadati / dahatip. 213
titthatip. 214
'Root' - and e-presentp. 215
The verbal endingsp. 217
The indicative present and the futurep. 217
The imperativep. 220
Rem. Remains of the OIA subjunctivep. 222
The optativep. 223
The preteritep. 226
The optativep. 227
The preteritep. 228
The root-aoristp. 231
The thematic (asigmatic) aoristp. 232
The s(is)-aoristp. 234
The is-aoristp. 235
The reduplicated aoristp. 236
The augmentp. 242
The e-preteritep. 243
The futurep. 244
Rem. (a) The futures ([superscript o])hanch- and ganch-p. 247
Rem. (b) The periphrastic futurep. 248
The conditionalp. 250
The denominativep. 250
The causativep. 252
The passivep. 254
The verbum infinitum
The present/future participlep. 256
Rem. The use of the pres. part. as conditionalp. 257
The gerundivep. 258
The verbal adjectivep. 260
The infinitivep. 263
The absolutivep. 265
Literaturep. 271
Abbreviations and siglap. 278
Indices and concordancesp. 283
Index rerump. 283
Index verborump. 304
Index locorump. 352
Concordance to Geiger's and von Hinuber's grammarsp. 356
Concordance to Pischel's grammarp. 361
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783110167634
ISBN-10: 3110167638
Series: Indian Philology and South Asian Studies
Audience: General
For Ages: 22+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 385
Published: 2001
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.37 x 16.26  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.7