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Palestinian Arab Music : A Maqam Tradition in Practice - D. Cohen

Palestinian Arab Music

A Maqam Tradition in Practice

By: D. Cohen

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This long-awaited project presents the results of a major research effort to determine the parameters of the stylistic variability of Arab folk music in Israel. Central to this old and highly improvised musical tradition is a unique modal framework that combines the concept of "maqam"--the foundation of Arab music theory--with other characteristics, including those of the text. "Palestinian Arab Music" is a comprehensive analysis of this music as actually practiced, examining both musical and nonmusical factors, their connection with the traits of individual performers, and their interaction with sociocultural phenomena.
Working initially with their own 1957 invention, the Cohen-Katz Melograph, and later with computers, Dalia Cohen and Ruth Katz recorded and digitized several hundred Palestinian music performances. The authors analyzed the musical tradition in light of its main variables. These include musical parameters, modal frameworks, the form and structure of the music, its poetic texts, and aspects of the social functions of the tradition. As a result of their study, the vexed aspect of intonation in practice is revealed to exist in a special relationship with the scale systems or "maqamat, " which are in turn of great importance to organizing the music and determining its modal systems.

"Palestinian Arab Music is a milestone in scholarship. With great sophistication Dalia Cohen and Ruth Katz apply modern technological tools to decipher, measure, and describe musical Palestinian performances, and thereby address issues of aesthetics, of individual creativity and traditional conventions, regional differentiation, and contextual factors in the production of music. Their quantification of qualitative musical values avoids the mechanic analysis and insightfully describes Arab singing as a multi-dimensional cultural performance. The application of their method to musical performances in other cultures and other regions will open up new horizons in the study of folklore and traditional music."--Dan Ben-Amos"Dan Ben-Amos" (04/06/2005)

Prefacep. ix
The Research Topic, Problems, Objectives, and the Tradition Studiedp. 1
On Studying the Practice of an Oral Traditionp. 1
The Group and Its Traditionp. 11
The Performing Groupp. 23
Theoretical Considerationsp. 23
Variables That Affect Performancep. 26
A Brief Biographical Sketch of a Creative Performerp. 38
Pitch and the Maqamatp. 41
Intonationp. 43
Collections of Notesp. 63
The Functions of Important Notesp. 76
Melodic Intervalsp. 84
Rangep. 87
Motivesp. 92
The Phrase Unitp. 109
Summary: A Comparison of the Maqamat by Pitch Factorsp. 114
Rhythm and Structurep. 133
Durationp. 136
Density Tempop. 149
Beat and Tempop. 152
Meterp. 165
Formp. 173
Summaryp. 180
Melisma and Stylep. 181
On the Nature of Melismatap. 181
Studying Melismata: Methods, Examples, and Findingsp. 193
Summaryp. 229
The Textp. 235
General Characteristics of the Texts Examinedp. 235
The Main Structural Components of the Text: Poetic Meter and Rhymep. 238
Summaryp. 250
Musicopoetic Framesp. 251
Theoretical Backgroundp. 251
Findingsp. 254
Summaryp. 289
The Performer's Role in Shaping the Performancep. 294
The Effect of Types of Performers on Some Significant Musical Componentsp. 295
The Boundaries of Creativity in Folk Tradition: The Individual Performerp. 312
Summaryp. 325
The Musical Componentsp. 326
The Framework of the Maqamatp. 330
The Connection with Extramusical Factorsp. 332
The Methodological Modelp. 332
Implicationsp. 333
A Selection of Twenty-Eight Songs Representing the Repertoirep. 335
The Selection of Songs and Manner of Presentationp. 335
On the Transcription of the Music and Textsp. 337
Songs on the Compact Discp. 338
Melographic Output for Songs 1, 4, and 10p. 409
Analysis of the Texts of Songs 2 and 13p. 411
The Structure of the Traditional Village Weddingp. 415
Research Questionnairesp. 419
Poetic Structure as a Kind of Musical Regularity: A Comparison of Arabic Poetic Traditions, the Oral Palestinian, and the Written Medieval Spanishp. 459
Notesp. 485
Bibliographyp. 501
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780226112985
ISBN-10: 0226112985
Series: Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 416
Published: 1st November 2005
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.7 x 16.1  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.86
Edition Number: 73
Edition Type: Annotated