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Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants - Wilson N. Stewart

Paleobotany and the Evolution of Plants

Hardcover Published: 13th May 2011
ISBN: 9780521382946
Number Of Pages: 536

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This new edition of a successful textbook describes and explains in a refreshingly clear way the origin and evolution of plants revealed by the fossil record, and summarizes paleobotanical information relevant to our present understanding of the relationships between the major plant groups, extant and extinct. New ideas and theories pertaining to such topics as the origin and evolution of eucaryotes, the early evolution of ferns, the origin of seeds, and the origin and early evolution of gymnosperms and angiosperms are included, as is the cladistic method and its results. Paleoecology is a theme discussed in the new edition, ranging from the Precambrian to the Tertiary, with a new chapter wholly devoted to the paleoecology of Pennsylvanian coal swamps. One of the major additions is a new chapter discussing the paleobotany of the flowering plants, a topic that was given only a brief treatment in the first edition. As in the first edition the text is profusely illustrated with line illustrations and halftones. For those students with little knowledge of plant structure and morphology there is a brief resumé of those features of extant plants that will be needed to gain a better understanding of the fossil record. Summarizing charts are also used to help students visualize the interpretative material. All of the summarizing charts have been updated and they reflect new ideas about the relationships and temporal distributions of the major plant groups. The quantity of illustrations in this new edition has been increased. In particular, there are more photographs of actual fossil material and there are reconstructions of many ancient plants that are now more-or-less completely understood. The book is designed so that selected parts can be used for one-semester undergraduate courses or graduate seminars in paleobotany where the subject material is limited or for two-semester courses. It can also be used as a supplement to courses in evolutionary botany, morphology and anatomy.

'This textbook is well written and well researched. In all, it is a pleasure to own.' Nature 'I recommend it as an excellent text and as a valuable reference work for those in related fields.' American Scientist 'I have seldom read a textbook with such enthusiasm and I shall recommend it to students and staff alike.' The Scientist

Preface
Preface to First Edition
Introduction
Plant fossils: preservation, preparation and age determination
The fossil record: systematics, reconstruction and nomenclature
Life in the Precambian
Diversification of the Fungi
Diversification among the algae and related plants
How the land turned green: speculation
How the land turned green: Bryophyta
How the land turned green: vascular plants, primitive types
The evolution of microphylls and adaxial sporangia
The isoetalean clade
Paleoecology of the Pennsylvanian coal swamps
More diversity in the Devonian: Trimerophytopsida
The origin of the Sphenopsida
Unique and extinct: the Upper Paleozoic sphenophylls
The origin of the horsetails
Putative ferns of the Paleozoic
The emergence of the Marattiales and Ophioglossales
Filicales of the Carboniferous
The emergence of the modern Filicales, Salviniales and Marsileales
Free-sporing plants with gymnospermous secondary wood
Gymnosperm reproduction: early evolution
Paleozoic gymnosperms with fernlike leaves
Cycads: origins and relationships
The enigmatic cycadeoids
More innovation and diversification among gymnosperms
The record of a living fossil: Ginkgo
The first coniferophytes
The diversification of conifers and taxads
The origin and early evolution of angiosperms
Angiosperms: diversification, radiation, and modernization
Major evolutionary events and trends: in retrospect
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521382946
ISBN-10: 0521382947
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 536
Published: 13th May 2011
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 26.14 x 18.16  x 3.02
Weight (kg): 1.05
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised