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Origination of Organismal Form : Beyond the Gene in Developmental and Evolutionary Biology - Gerd B. Muller

Origination of Organismal Form

Beyond the Gene in Developmental and Evolutionary Biology

By: Gerd B. Muller (Editor), Stuart A. Newman (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 1st February 2003
For Ages: 18+ years old
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The field of evolutionary biology arose from the desire to understand the origin and diversity of biological forms. In recent years, however, evolutionary genetics, with its focus on the modification and inheritance of presumed genetic programs, has all but overwhelmed other aspects of evolutionary biology. This has led to the neglect of the study of the generative origins of biological form.Drawing on work from developmental biology, paleontology, developmental and population genetics, cancer research, physics, and theoretical biology, this book explores the multiple factors responsible for the origination of biological form. It examines the essential problems of morphological evolution--why, for example, the basic body plans of nearly all metazoans arose within a relatively short time span, why similar morphological design motifs appear in phylogenetically independent lineages, and how new structural elements are added to the body plan of a given phylogenetic lineage. It also examines discordances between genetic and phenotypic change, the physical determinants of morphogenesis, and the role of epigenetic processes in evolution. The book discusses these and other topics within the framework of evolutionary developmental biology, a new research agenda that concerns the interaction of development and evolution in the generation of biological form. By placing epigenetic processes, rather than gene sequence and gene expression changes, at the center of morphological origination, this book points the way to a more comprehensive theory of evolution.

"This volume challenges the primacy of both neo-Darwinian evolutionary theory and developmental genetics as complete explanations for the phenomena of evolutionary developmental biology. The contributors take a refreshing variety of approaches to classic problems such as homology, developmental constraints, modules, and roles for environmental factors in development. This is an original and well-argued contribution that is essential reading for anyone interested in the evolution-development synthesis."--Rudolf A. Raff, Distinguished Professor of Biology, Indiana University

Series Forewordp. vii
Prefacep. ix
Introduction
Origination of Organismal Form: The Forgotten Cause in Evolutionary Theoryp. 3
Problems Of Morphological Evolution
The Cambrian "Explosion" of Metazoansp. 13
Convergence and Homoplasy in the Evolution of Organismal Formp. 33
Homology:The Evolution of Morphological Organizationp. 51
Relationships Between Genes And Form
Only Details Determinep. 75
The Reactive Genomep. 87
Tissue Specificity: Structural Cues Allow Diverse Phenotypes from a Constant Genotypep. 103
Genes, Cell Behavior, and the Evolution of Formp. 119
Physical Determinants Of Morphogenesis
Cell Adhesive Interactions and Tissue Self-Organizationp. 137
Gradients, Diffusion, and Genes in Pattern Formationp. 165
A Biochemical Oscillator Linked to Vertebrate Segmentationp. 183
Organization through Intra-Inter Dynamicsp. 195
From Physics to Development: The Evolution by Genetic Assimilationp. 221
Origination And Evolvability
Phenotypic Plasticity and Evolution by Genetic Assimilationp. 245
Genetic and Epigenetic Factors in the Origin of the Tetrapod Limbp. 265
Epigenesis and Evolution of Brains: From Embryonic Divisions to Functional Systemsp. 287
Boundary Constraints for the Emergence of Formp. 305
Contributorsp. 323
Indexp. 325
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262134194
ISBN-10: 0262134195
Series: Vienna Series in Theoretical Biology
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 342
Published: 1st February 2003
Publisher: MIT Press Ltd
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 17.8  x 3.2
Weight (kg): 0.9