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Optimality Theory : Phonology, Syntax, and Acquisition - Joost Dekkers

Optimality Theory

Phonology, Syntax, and Acquisition

By: Joost Dekkers (Editor), Frank van der Leeuw (Editor), Jeroen van de Weijer (Editor)


Published: 1st October 2000
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The introduction of Optimality Theory (OT) by Prince and Smolenski in 1995 is frequently seen as the most important development in generative grammar of the 1990s. It has profoundly changed the understanding of sound systems; it has given a new impetus to the study of language acqusition; and its potential for the discovery and explanation of the universal properties of language is increasingly recognized. OT subsitutes constraints for rules in universal grammar and linguistic performance. Constraints are ranked so that a a lower-ranked constraint may be violated in order to satisfy a higher. The assumption that constraints are vioable can be considered as the formal correlate of linguistic tendencies, whereas their ranking expresses the degree to which individual languages exhibit these tendencies. OT may thus be used to describe the characteristics of any language, but it is as yet too general to provide a substantive theory of grammar. In this book a range of scholars consider the specific properties that an OT grammar should have. After an extensive introduction, the volume is divided into four parts. Parts One and Two are concerned respectively with prosodic representations and segmental phonology. Parts Three and Four then consider the application of OT to syntax and syntatic theory and to language acquistion and learnability. This wide-ranging collection of new work by leading scholars from the USA and Europe will interest linguists and postgraduate students in all the main fields of discipline. Its insights and the research it reports will also be valuable to those whose theoretical position is apparently at odds with the principles of OT.

Introduction Paul Boersma, Joost Dekkers, and Jeroen van de Weijer: Optimality Theory: Phonology, Syntax, and Acquisition Part Ia: Phonology - Prosodic Representations Luigi Burzio: Cycles, Non-Derived-Environment Blocking and Correspondence Bruce Hayes: Gradient Well-Formedness in Optimality Theory René Kager: Stem Stress and Peak Correspondence in Dutch John McCarthy: Faithfulness and Prosodic Circumscription Part Ib: Phonology - Segmental Phonology Haike Jacobs and Carlos Gussenhoven: Loan Phonology: Perception, Salience, the Lexicon, and OT Darlene LaCharité and Carole Paradis: Derivational Residue: Hidden Rules in OT Norval Smith: Dependency Theory Meets OT: A Proposal for a New Approach to Segmental Structure Part II: Syntax Peter Ackema and Ad Neeleman: Absolute Ungrammaticality Stephen R. Anderson: Toward an Optimal Account of Second Position Phenomena Joan Bresnan: Optimal Syntax Hans Broekhuis and Joost Dekkers: Minimalism and OT: Derivations and Filters Géraldine Legendre: Morphological and Prosodic Alignment of Bulgarian Clitics Part III: The Acquisition of Syntax and Phonology Paul Boersma: Learning a Grammar in Functional Phonology Mark Ellison: The Universal Constraint Set: Convention not Fact Douglas Pulleyblank and William Turkel: Learning Phonology: Genetic Algorithms and Yoruba Tongue Root Harmony Bruce Tesar: Optimality and Strict Domination in Language Learning

ISBN: 9780198238447
ISBN-10: 0198238444
Series: Oxford Linguistics
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 648
Published: 1st October 2000
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 3.3
Weight (kg): 0.91