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Optical Particle Sizing : Theory and Practice - Gerard Gouesbet

Optical Particle Sizing

Theory and Practice

Hardcover Published: 1st May 1988
ISBN: 9780306427817
Number Of Pages: 642

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Optical particle s1z1ng is undoubtedly a fascinating field of research of the utmost practical importance. In the Universe fluids are nearly everywhere, and when they occur they almost invariably contain particles. Inside our bodies we can take the example of blood transporting a vi tal procession of red and white cells. Around us, we can find various particles in the air we breathe, bubbles in the champagne or the soda we drink, or natural and artificial (polluting!) particles in the lakes we swim in. Industrial processes and systems are also concerned with particles, from pulverized coal flames to fluidized beds, in a range of applications involving rocket exhausts, pneuma tic transport and more generally the infinite realm of mul tiphase situations. Such an obviously vast field would require a whole volume like this one merely to attempt to describe it superficially. To be sure, we would need a scientific Prevert to catalogue such an endless inventory. Finally, even outside our terrestrial spaceship particles can be detected in alien atmospheres or between stars. Theorists will enjoy analyzing the richness of light/particle interact. ion, a subject which is very far from being exhausted. Experimental researchers will love designing and studying various probing instruments with a laser source at the input and a computer at the output, two requisites of today' s technological revolution.

Light Scattering Theory: a Progress Report.- Mie Scattering Near the Critical Angle.- Scattering of a Gaussian Beam by a Sphere Using a Bromwich Formulation: Case of an Arbitrary Location.- Effects of Particle Nonsphericity on Light-Scattering.- Particle Sizing by Inversion of Extinction Data.- Small Angle Light Scattering Patterns from Micrometer-Sized Spheroids.- Laser Beam Scattering by Individual Spherical Particles: Numerical Results and Application to Optical Sizing.- Extraction of Polydispersity Information in Photon Correlation Spectroscopy.- Particle Size Distributions from Fraunhofer Diffraction.- Calculation of Calibration Curves for the Phase Doppler Technique: Comparison between Mie Theory and Geometrical Optics.- Particle Sizing of Polydisperse Samples by Mie-Scattering.- Optimal Scaling of the Inverse Fraunhofer Diffraction Particle Sizing Problem: The linear System Produced by Quadrature.- Optimal Filtering Applied to the Inversion of the Laplace Transform.- Modeling of Multiple Scattering Effects in Fraunhofer Diffraction Particle Size Analysis.- LDV-Signals-Analysis for Particle Velocity and Size Detection Using Geometrical Optics.- Employment of Light Scattering Information to Lay out Optical Measuring Systems for Measurements of Particle Properties.- Measurements of Particle Asymmetry Using Cross-Correlation Techniques.- Lambda Depression/Overlay Histogram Analysis of Poly(Acrylate) as a Function of Added Salt.- Measurement of Small Polydispersities by Photon Correlation Spectroscopy.- Optical Extinction Spectra of Systems of Small Metal Particles with Aggregates.- Particle Sizing of Soot in Flat Premixed Hydrocarbon Oxygen Flames by Light Scattering.- An Instrument to Measure the Size, Velocity and Concentration of Particles in a Flow.- The Phase Doppler Method: Analysis and Application.- Fraunhofer Diffraction by Random Irregular Particles.- Application of the Shifrin Inversion to the Malvern Particle Sizer.- Measurement of Size Distribution in Dense Particle Fields.- Particle Sizing by Laser Light Diffraction: Improvements in Optics and Algorithms.- Shape, Concentration and Anomalous Diffraction Effects in Sizing Solids in Liquids.- Scattered Light Particle Size Counting Analysis: Influence of Shape and Structure.- Visible Infra-Red Double Extinction Measurements in Densely Laden Media, New Progress.- Observations of Elastic Angular Scattering from Oriented Single Cylinders.- Effect of Particle Shape on the Response of Single Particle Optical Counters.- Forward Scattering Signature of a Spherical Particle Crossing a Laser Beam out of the Beam Waist.- Effects of Shape and Orientation to be Considered for Optical Particle Sizing.- Application of Top-Hat Laser Beam to Particle Sizing in LDV System.- Size and Velocity Measurements of Spherical Particles in Multiphase Flows and the Prediction of Absolute Particle Concentrations.- An LDA Gating Technique for Bubble Measurement in Dilute Three-Phase Suspension Flows.- Light Scattering by Dust Particles: Experimental Results.- Optical Particle Sizing: Digital Video Image Processing Application.- The Direct Comparison of Three 'In-Flight' Droplet Sizing Techniques for Pesticide Spray Research.- An application of an Optical Particle Sizing Method to the Study of the Evaporation of Droplets Diffusing in a Turbulent Flow.- Optical Measurement of Droplet Evaporation Rates.- Study of Condensational Growth of Water Droplets by Optical Mie Scattering Spectroscopy.- Optical Sizing of Cometary Dust: Tentative Lessons from Comet Halley Data.- Measurements of Absolute Concentration and Size Distribution of Particles by Laser Small Angle Scattering.- Some Aspects of Utilization of Malvern Diffraction Granulometer.- Optical Methods in Submicronic Aerosol Measurement.- The Use of Calibration Techniques for the Development and Application of Optical Particle Sizing Instruments.- Optical Particle Sizing and Particle Characterization Based on Polarization Measurements.- Optical Calibration of Accurate Particle Sizing Standards at the U.S. National Bureau of Standards.- Conclusion and Perspective.- Author Index.

ISBN: 9780306427817
ISBN-10: 0306427818
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 642
Published: 1st May 1988
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.78  x 3.51
Weight (kg): 1.35

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