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Optical Interconnection : Foundations and Applications - Christopher S. Tocci

Optical Interconnection

Foundations and Applications

By: Christopher S. Tocci (Editor), H.J. Caulfield (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 1st December 1994
ISBN: 9780890066324
Number Of Pages: 404

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For the first time ever, leading experts in the field introduce optical designs for handling the efficient routing of photonic information. This book fully explains electrical versus optical issues, the promise and diversity of optical interconnection, and the advantages, costs, and tradeoffs.

Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xv
Motivational Aspects: An Introduction to Optical Interconnection
An Introduction to Optical Interconnectionp. 3
Information Processing's Dependence Upon Connectivityp. 3
The Evolution of Optical Interconnection Technologyp. 4
More Contemporary Issuesp. 5
At the Device Levelp. 5
At the System Levelp. 6
Organization of the Bookp. 7
Referencesp. 8
Formalism of the Current Interconnect Bottleneckp. 9
Introductionp. 9
Interconnect Bottleneck in Conventional Microelectronic Systemsp. 9
Advantages of Optical Interconnectsp. 13
Power-Speed Tradeoff Analysisp. 14
Chip-Level Interconnectsp. 15
MCM-Level Interconnectsp. 35
Connection Density Analysisp. 42
Introductionp. 42
Lower Boundaries on Interconnect Areap. 43
Interconnect Area Upper Boundaries for Specific Optical Architecturesp. 50
Discussionp. 55
Conclusionsp. 59
Referencesp. 60
Current Optical Interconnection Approaches and Limitations
Bulk Waveguide Routing--Fiber Opticsp. 65
Introductionp. 65
Intrashelf Communicationp. 69
Intershelf Communicationp. 75
System Backplane Requirementsp. 76
Fiber Embedded Substrate Technologyp. 77
Rigid Substratesp. 78
Flexible Substratesp. 82
Technology Capabilities and Limitationsp. 84
Fiber Array Connector Capabilitiesp. 85
Interconnection Density and Fiber Packaging Issuesp. 89
Passive and Active (Rare Earth-Doped) Fiber Backplane Networksp. 90
Environmental Ruggedness Issuesp. 96
Summaryp. 98
Referencesp. 99
Free-Space Routingp. 103
Introductionp. 103
Free-Space Optical Routing Components and Architecturesp. 110
Network Implementationsp. 117
Spatial Light Modulators and Processor-Related Issuesp. 128
Laser Optical Power Supplies and System Diagnostic Toolsp. 135
Summaryp. 137
Referencesp. 138
Further Readingp. 139
Integrated Optical Waveguide Routing--Micro-opticsp. 141
Introductionp. 141
Optical Waveguidesp. 143
Introductionp. 143
Properties of Guided Wavesp. 144
Slab Waveguidesp. 151
Channel Waveguidesp. 160
Planar Mediump. 166
Waveguide Fabricationp. 167
Waveguide Couplersp. 177
Coupling of Laser Diode Beam into Fiberp. 178
Fiber-Waveguide Couplingp. 180
Other Transversal Coupling Schemesp. 185
Waveguide Lensesp. 185
Active Guided Wave Devicesp. 193
Electrooptic Waveguide Devicesp. 195
Acoustooptic Modulatorsp. 211
Magnetooptic Modulatorsp. 218
Conclusionsp. 220
Referencesp. 222
Optoelectronic Interconnects and Electronic Packagingp. 227
Introductionp. 227
Design and Implementation Considerationsp. 228
Material and Processing Requirementsp. 236
Electronics for Integrationp. 237
Integrated Optoelectronic Detectors and Receiversp. 237
Integrated Optoelectronic Transmittersp. 240
Packagingp. 244
Referencesp. 252
Applications of Optical Interconnects
Polymer-Based Photonic Integrated Circuits and Their Applications in Optical Interconnects and Signal Processingp. 255
Introductionp. 255
Formation of Polymer Microstructure Waveguidesp. 256
Formation of Linear and Curved Channel Waveguide Arrayp. 260
Formation of Waveguide Holograms by Local Sensitization with Applications to WDMp. 264
x[superscript 2] Electrooptic Polymerp. 268
Rare Earth Ion-Doped (REI) Polymer Waveguide Amplifierp. 272
Polymer-Based Electrooptic Waveguide Modulatorp. 279
Fanout Density and Optical Interconnectionp. 281
Reliability Testp. 284
Further Applicationsp. 287
Nonlinear All Optical Switchp. 287
Systolic Arrays for Optical Computingp. 288
Position Sensorp. 289
Conclusionsp. 290
Referencesp. 291
Optical Interconnection for use in Hostile Environmentsp. 295
Introductionp. 295
Optical Interconnection Applications in Hostile Environments--A Brief Overviewp. 296
Backplane Interconnection Applicationsp. 296
Smart Skins and Structuresp. 297
Additional Candidates for Embeddingp. 298
Case Example 1: Extraction of Cryogenically Generated Signalsp. 299
Problems with Proposed Integrated Optical Cryogenic Couplerp. 314
One Solution to the Leaked Channel Lightp. 314
Inefficient Handling of Unused Channel Optical Power Solution: Recycle Lightp. 315
Case Example 2: MCM High Bandwidth Interconnectionsp. 316
Referencesp. 318
An Approach for Implementing Reconfigurable Optical Interconnection Networks for Massively Parallel Computingp. 319
A 3-D Integrated Optical Computer Architecturep. 320
Large Guided-Wave Networksp. 324
Network Analysisp. 326
Crossbar Networksp. 328
n-Stage Networkp. 331
Multistage Interconnection Networksp. 332
Duobanyan Networkp. 336
Benes Networkp. 338
Active and Passive Splitter/Combiner Networksp. 340
Comparison of Networksp. 344
A 3-D Integrated Optical Crossbar Networkp. 347
System Operationp. 351
Conclusionp. 353
Referencesp. 354
Theoretical Analysis for Cryogenic Coupler's Usable Dynamic Range (Per Channel)p. 357
List of Acronymsp. 367
About the Authorsp. 371
Indexp. 377
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890066324
ISBN-10: 0890066329
Series: Optoelectronics Library S.
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 404
Published: 1st December 1994
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 2.2
Weight (kg): 0.76

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