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Optical Fiber Amplifiers : Materials, Devices and Applications Technologies - Shoichi Sudo

Optical Fiber Amplifiers

Materials, Devices and Applications Technologies

By: Shoichi Sudo (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 19th June 1997
ISBN: 9780890068090
Number Of Pages: 648

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Prepared by six leading professionals in the industry, this comprehensive reference helps you better understand the basic phenomena behind OF amplifiers -- and gives you the practical knowledge you need to design and produce OF systems. Includes 180 equations and nearly 240 illustrations.

Prefacep. xi
Introductionp. 1
Brief History of Optics and Quantum Electronicsp. 1
Brief History of Physics and Alternating Growth of Science and Technologyp. 4
Brief History of Optical Fiber Amplifiersp. 9
Brief History of Optical Communications, Transmission Media, and Optical Fibersp. 16
Early History of Optical Communicationsp. 16
Various Transmission Media 1960-1969p. 18
Optical Fibers From 1966p. 23
Alternating Growth of Passive Fiber Technology and Active Fiber Technologyp. 32
Referencesp. 42
Outline of Optical Fiber Amplifiersp. 55
Application Systems and Requirements for Optical Fiber Amplifiersp. 55
Outline of Rare-Earth Ions and Amplification in Fibersp. 58
Host Glassesp. 58
Rare-Earth Ions and Their Transitionsp. 63
Outline of Amplification in Rare-Earth-Doped Fiberp. 68
Key Issues for Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiersp. 77
Broadbandp. 77
High Gainp. 85
Low Noisep. 87
High Powerp. 93
Reliabilityp. 96
Key Issues Regarding Praseodymium-Doped Fiber Amplifiersp. 99
Other Wavelength Amplifiersp. 103
Key Issues Regarding Fabrication Technologies and Material Structuresp. 108
Fabrication Processes of Rare-Earth-Doped Fibersp. 108
Material Structures of Rare-Earth-Doped Glasses and Their Effects on Amplification Characteristicsp. 115
Recent Topics on Amplified Systemsp. 118
Unrepeated Long-Span Transmissionp. 119
Long-Distance Transmissionp. 120
WDM, Long-Distance, and/or High-Speed Transmissionp. 125
Optical Networkingp. 128
1.3-[mu]m Transmissionp. 129
Referencesp. 132
Rare-Earth Ions in Glasses and Transitions for Optical Amplificationp. 149
Introductionp. 149
The Configuration of the 4f States in Condensed Materialsp. 150
The Judd-Ofelt Theory for Determining Transition Intensitiesp. 155
The Judd-Ofelt Theoryp. 155
Selection Rules From the Judd-Ofelt Theoryp. 160
Other Multiple Transitionsp. 163
Experimental Procedure for Obtaining [Omega] Parametersp. 164
Other Procedures for Obtaining Emission Cross Sectionsp. 167
Energy Transfer Phenomena Between Rare Earthsp. 169
Formalism of Resonance Energy Transfer Between Rare Earthsp. 169
Concentration Quenchingp. 173
Nonradiative Relaxation by the Multiphonon Emission Processp. 175
Spectral Broadening Phenomenap. 178
Three- and Four-Level Amplifier Systemsp. 182
Population Inversionp. 183
Gain Saturationp. 187
Referencesp. 189
Fiber Materials and Fabricationsp. 193
Fiber Materials and Compositionsp. 194
Oxide Glassp. 197
Halide Glassp. 199
Chalcogenide Glassp. 200
Crystalsp. 201
Transmission Loss of Fiber Materialsp. 201
Intrinsic Loss Factorsp. 204
Extrinsic Loss Factorsp. 222
Thermal Properties of Fiber Materialsp. 227
Glass Structure and Chemical Bondsp. 227
Theory and Kinetics of Crystallizationp. 237
High-Silica Fiber Fabrication Process and Rare-Earth Dopingp. 259
Soot Process: Origin of High-Silica Glass Fabrication Processp. 259
MCVD Process and Rare-Earth Dopingp. 265
Rare-Earth Doping in MCVD Processp. 274
VAD Processp. 279
Rare-Earth Doping in VAD Processp. 320
OVD Processp. 321
High-Silica Fiber Drawingp. 321
Multicomponent Glass Fiber Fabrication Processp. 325
Fluoride Fiber Fabrication Processp. 327
Glass Compositionsp. 330
Fabrication Processp. 331
Characteristicsp. 344
Vapor Phase Depositionp. 351
Chalcogenide Fiber Fabrication Processp. 352
Glass Compositionsp. 353
Fabrication Processp. 356
Characteristicsp. 364
Crystalline Fiber Fabrication Processp. 371
Reliability of Amplifier Host Fibersp. 375
Reliability Requirementsp. 375
Catastrophic Failure of Optical Fibers Caused by Chemical and Mechanical Stressesp. 376
Hydrogen-Induced Loss Increasep. 386
Loss Increase due to y-Ray Irradiationp. 387
Referencesp. 389
Amplification Characteristics of a Fiber Amplifier: Components, Design, and Amplification Characteristics of a Fiber Amplifier Modulep. 405
Introductionp. 405
Fiber Amplifier Related Devicesp. 406
Fiber Gratingp. 406
Thermally Expanded Core Fiberp. 408
Filtersp. 411
Isolators and Circulatorsp. 415
Pump/Signal Multiplexing Devicesp. 421
Splicing Devices and Technologyp. 424
Pump Sourcep. 428
Amplification Characteristics of Fiber Amplifier Modulesp. 447
1.5-[mu]m-Band Fiber Amplifierp. 447
1.3-[mu]m-Band Fiber Amplifierp. 522
1.4-[mu]m- and 1.65-[mu]m-Band Fiber Amplifiersp. 571
Referencesp. 582
Conclusionp. 601
About the Authorsp. 605
Indexp. 609
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890068090
ISBN-10: 0890068097
Series: Optoelectronics Library S.
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 648
Published: 19th June 1997
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 3.9
Weight (kg): 1.12