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Optical Control of Microwave Devices : Microwave Library - Rainee N. Simons

Optical Control of Microwave Devices

Microwave Library

Hardcover Published: 19th December 1990
ISBN: 9780890063132
Number Of Pages: 256

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An introduction for graduate students in electrical engineering and a review for practicing engineers. Describes both the simple technique of replacing coaxial cables and rectangular waveguides by optical fibers, and the new concept of an optical microwave monolithic integrated circuit incorporating

Forwordp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Introductionp. 1
Advantages of Optical Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuitsp. 2
Performancep. 2
Designp. 3
Manufacturingp. 3
Typical Optical Microwave Monolithic Integrated Circuitsp. 3
Laser Diode and Field-Effect Transistorp. 3
Laser Diode and Gunn Diodep. 3
Laser Diode and Heterojunction Bipolar Transistorp. 4
Laser Diode and an Optical Intensity Modulatorp. 4
Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photodetector and Field-Effect Transistorp. 4
PIN Photodetector and Field-Effect Transistorp. 4
Laser Diode, Photodetector, and Field-Effect Transistorp. 5
Typical Applicationsp. 5
Beam Steering in Phased Arraysp. 5
Reference Frequency Distribution in Phased Arraysp. 5
Remoting of Antennasp. 6
Signal Processing and Electronic Warfarep. 6
Missile Guidancep. 7
Cable Televisionp. 7
Cellular Telephonep. 7
Instrumentationp. 7
Organization of the Bookp. 8
Referencesp. 9
Laser Diodesp. 13
Introductionp. 13
The Concept of Stimulated Emissionp. 14
The Double Heterostructure Laser Diodesp. 15
Energy Band Structurep. 16
Threshold Current Densityp. 17
Waveguiding Principles and Intensity Pattern of a Double Heterostructure Laser Diodep. 20
Even Te Modesp. 22
Odd TE Modesp. 25
TM Modesp. 25
Effect of Facet Reflectivity on Mode Selectionp. 26
Fundamental Device Characteristicsp. 28
Light Intensity Versus Currentp. 28
Optical Spectrap. 29
Near- and Far-Field Patternsp. 30
Laser Diode to a Single-Mode Optical Fiber Couplingp. 32
Direct Current Modulation of Semiconductor Lasersp. 32
Measurement of Small-Signal Modulation Response of a Laser Diodep. 35
Expression for the Relaxation Resonance Frequencyp. 37
Small-Signal Lumped-Element Equivalent Circuit Modelp. 38
Advanced Heterostructure Lasersp. 38
GaAs/GaAlAs Buried Heterostructure Laserp. 38
InP/InGaAsP Buried Heterostructure Laserp. 40
InP/InGaAsP Distributed Feedback Laserp. 41
Reliability of Laser Diodesp. 43
Referencesp. 43
Electro-Optic Modulatorsp. 47
Introductionp. 47
Optical Waveguide Fundamentalsp. 48
Single-Mode Optical Waveguidesp. 48
Single-Mode Optical Branching Waveguidep. 50
Electro-Optic Controlp. 51
Index Ellipsoidp. 51
Electro-Optic Effectp. 52
Index Changesp. 53
Electrode Structurep. 54
Electrode Impedance and Attenuationp. 56
Coupling Loss Between a Single-Mode Optical Fiber and a Channel Waveguidep. 58
Interferometric Waveguide Modulatorsp. 59
Principle of Operationp. 59
Extinction Ratiop. 60
Drive Voltage and Electrode Length Productp. 62
Modulator Bandwidth and Electrode Length Productp. 63
Techniques to Reduce Velocity Mismatchp. 64
Optical Damage and dc Driftp. 65
Radiation Hardnessp. 66
Experimental Modulator Performance and Discussionsp. 66
Referencesp. 67
Photodetectorsp. 69
Introductionp. 69
PIN Photodiode Principle of Operationp. 70
Quantum Efficiency and Photoresponsivityp. 71
Response Speedp. 75
Practical PIN Photodiode Structurep. 76
Leakage Currentp. 78
Lumped-Element Equivalent Circuit Model and 3 dB Bandwidthp. 78
Spectral Responsep. 79
Signal-to-Noise Ratio and Noise Equivalent Powerp. 80
Reliabilityp. 83
Planar Photoconductive Detectorp. 83
Photoconductive Gain and Carrier Lifetimep. 84
Gain-Bandwidth Product and Rise timep. 87
Signal-to-Noise Ratio and Noise Equivalent Powerp. 88
Practical Photoconductive Detector Structuresp. 89
Dark Currentp. 90
Lumped Element Equivalent Circuit Modelp. 93
Schottky-Barrier Photodiodesp. 95
Quantum Efficiencyp. 96
Response Speed and 3 dB Bandwidthp. 98
Dark Currentp. 98
Practical Schottky-Barrier Photodiodesp. 100
Lumped Element Equivalent Circuit Modelp. 100
Avalanche Photodiodesp. 101
Separate Absorption Grading and Multiplication-Avalanche Photodiode (SAGM-APD)p. 102
Low Frequency Gain and Responsivityp. 102
Frequency Response of the APDp. 103
Signal-to-Noise Ratio and Noise Equivalent Powerp. 105
Comparison of Photodetectorsp. 106
Field-Effect Transistorsp. 106
Device Structurep. 107
FET dc Characteristics Under Optical Illuminationp. 111
FET Microwave Characteristics Under Optical Illuminationp. 114
FET Noise Characteristics Under Optical Illuminationp. 116
Referencesp. 117
Microwave Fiber Optic Linksp. 121
Introductionp. 121
Insertion Loss of a Microwave Fiber Optic Linkp. 123
Directly Modulated Linkp. 126
Externally Modulated Linkp. 126
Relative Intensity Noise of a Semiconductor Laser Diodep. 127
Noise Figure of a Microwave Fiber Optic Linkp. 129
Directly Modulated Linkp. 129
Externally Modulated Linkp. 134
Link Bandwidthp. 139
Harmonic and Intermodulation Distortionsp. 139
Spurious-Free Dynamic Range and Maximum Signal-to-Noise Ratiop. 142
Single-Mode Optical Fiber Dispersionp. 142
Optical Losses in a Microwave Fiber Optic Linkp. 145
Single-Mode Optical Fiber Attenuationp. 145
Laser Diode to a Single-Mode Fiber Coupling Lossp. 146
Connector Lossp. 146
Splice Lossp. 147
Coupler Lossp. 147
Performance Comparison of Microwave Fiber Optic Linksp. 147
Fiber Optic Link Design Examplesp. 147
Directly Modulated, Medium Bandwidth, Long-Distance, Point-to-Point Microwave Linkp. 147
Directly Modulated, Narrow-Band, Short-Distance, Multiport Microwave Linkp. 150
Point-to-Point Microwave Link when Limited by Receiver Noisep. 151
Externally Modulated, Short-Distance, Point-to-Point Microwave Linkp. 151
Computer Aided Design Modeling of a Laser Diode and a Photodiode for a Microwave Fiber Optic Linkp. 153
Referencesp. 154
Optoelectronic Switching and Gatingp. 157
Introductionp. 157
Microstrip Optoelectronic Switch with Top-side Excitationp. 157
Principle of Operationp. 157
Gap Series Conductancep. 160
Gap Shunt Conductancep. 160
Insertion Loss in the On-Statep. 161
Repetition Ratep. 161
Isolation in the Off-Statep. 161
Switching Speedp. 162
Experimental Switch Performance and Discussionsp. 162
Optoelectronic Switching and Electronic Switching Performance Comparisonp. 163
Referencesp. 164
Optoelectronic Microwave Signal Generationp. 165
Introductionp. 165
Longitudinal Mode Power Spectra of a Free-Running Laser Diodep. 166
Power Spectra of a Directly Frequency-Modulated Laser Diodep. 168
FM Sideband Injection-Locking Techniquep. 168
Microwave Signal Generation Techniquep. 169
Experimental Generator Performance and Discussionsp. 170
Capabilities and Limitationsp. 171
Frequency Rangep. 171
Signal-to-Noise Ratiop. 171
Temperature Stabilityp. 173
Power Output and Efficiencyp. 173
Pulling Figurep. 174
Stray Magnetic Fieldp. 174
Shock and Vibrationsp. 175
Referencesp. 175
Optoelectronic Switch Matrixp. 177
Introductionp. 177
Principle of an Optoelectronic Switch Matrixp. 178
Avalanche Photodiode Optoelectronic Crosspoint Switchp. 178
Principle of Operationp. 178
Physical Origin of the Equivalent Circuit Model Elementsp. 179
Signal Transmission in the On-Statep. 181
Isolation in the Off-Statep. 182
Experimental Switch Performance and Discussionsp. 182
Optoelectronic Switch Matrix and Electronic Switch Matrix Performance Comparisonp. 183
Intermodulation Distortionp. 184
Signal-to-Noise Ratiop. 185
Radiation Hardnessp. 189
Reliabilityp. 192
Referencesp. 192
Optoelectronic Switching and Modulation of Oscillatorsp. 195
Introductionp. 195
Physical Mechanism of IMPATT Diode Operationp. 196
Unilluminated IMPATT Diodep. 196
Illuminated IMPATT Diodep. 198
IMPATT Diode Oscillator Designp. 199
Reduced Height Waveguide Cavityp. 199
Standard Height Waveguide Cavity with Resonant Capp. 201
Experimental Demonstration of Enhancement and Quenching of IMPATT Diode Oscillator under Optical Illuminationp. 202
Frequency Chirpp. 203
IMPATT Diode Structures with Etched Optical Windowp. 203
Effect of Hole versus Electron Photocurrent on Silicon IMPATT Diode Oscillator Power and Frequencyp. 205
Photocurrent Effects on Silicon IMPATT Oscillator Noise
Frequency Modulation of a Silicon IMPATT Diode Oscillator by Optically Generated Carriersp. 206
GaAs MESFET Oscillator Designp. 206
Series Feedback Oscillator
Experimental Demonstration of Switching of GaAs MESFET Oscillator under Optical Illuminationp. 210
Frequency Modulation of a GaAs MESFET Oscillator by Optically Generated Carriersp. 211
Referencesp. 211
Optoelectronic Injection-Locking and Tuning of Oscillatorsp. 213
Introductionp. 213
Brief Review of Conventional Electrical Injection-Locking Techniques and Experimentsp. 214
CW Oscillatorsp. 214
Pulsed Oscillatorsp. 216
Design of a Millimeter-Wave Microstrip IMPATT Diode Oscillatorp. 217
Design of a Microstrip GaAs MESFET Oscillatorp. 220
Direct Optical Injection-Locking and Tuning of CW Oscillatorsp. 223
Principle of Operationp. 223
Experimental Demonstration of Direct Optical Injection-Locking and Tuningp. 224
Indirect Optical Injection-Locking of CW Oscillatorsp. 225
Principle of Operationp. 225
Experimental Demonstration of Indirect Optical Injection-Lockingp. 226
Comparison of Direct and Indirect Optically Injection-Locked CW Oscillator Performancep. 226
Referencesp. 228
Indexp. 231
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780890063132
ISBN-10: 0890063133
Series: Microwave Library
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 256
Published: 19th December 1990
Publisher: Artech House Publishers
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.9 x 15.2  x 1.9
Weight (kg): 0.55