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Operations Research and Health Care : A Handbook of Methods and Applications - Margaret L. Brandeau

Operations Research and Health Care

A Handbook of Methods and Applications

Hardcover

Published: 9th September 2004
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In both rich and poor nations, public resources for health care are inadequate to meet demand. Policy makers and health care providers must determine how to provide the most effective health care to citizens using the limited resources that are available. This chapter describes current and future challenges in the delivery of health care, and outlines the role that operations research (OR) models can play in helping to solve those problems. The chapter concludes with an overview of this book - its intended audience, the areas covered, and a description of the subsequent chapters. KEY WORDS Health care delivery, Health care planning HEALTH CARE DELIVERY: PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES 3 1.1 WORLDWIDE HEALTH: THE PAST 50 YEARS Human health has improved significantly in the last 50 years. In 1950, global life expectancy was 46 years [1]. That figure rose to 61 years by 1980 and to 67 years by 1998 [2]. Much of these gains occurred in low- and middle-income countries, and were due in large part to improved nutrition and sanitation, medical innovations, and improvements in public health infrastructure.

From the reviews:

"The three editors ... aim this book at a broad audience that includes OR practitioners and researchers with interests in healthcare, as well as healthcare practitioners. The editors set out in this book to provide a comprehensive reference on the applicability of operations research techniques, tools and theories to a wide range of issues and problems in healthcare. ... it is worthwhile to have a copy in the library as a useful reference to the many ways that OR could be applied in healthcare." (T Burgess, Journal of the Operational Research Society, Vol. 57, 2006)

Introduction
Health Care Delivery: Current Problems and Future Challengesp. 1
Health Care Operations Management
Capacity Planning and Management in Hospitalsp. 15
Location of Health Care Facilitiesp. 43
Ambulance Service Planning: Simulation and Data Visualizationp. 77
Supply Chain Management of Blood Banksp. 103
Evaluating the Efficiency of Hospitals' Perioperative Services Using DEAp. 147
Benchmarking Using DEA: The Case of Mental Health Organizationsp. 169
Using Simulation in an Acute-Care Hospital: Easier Said Than Donep. 191
Public Policy and Economic Analysis
Estimating Risks to the Public Healthp. 217
Modeling Health Outcomes for Economic Analysisp. 255
Duct Tape for Decision Makers: The Use of OR Models in Pharmacoeconomicsp. 275
Drug Policy: Insights from Mathematical Analysisp. 297
Modeling the Costs and Effects of Maintenance Treatment for Opiate Addictionp. 333
Harm Reduction in the Control of Infectious Diseases Among Injection Drug Usersp. 363
The Cost Effectiveness of Partially Effective HIV Vaccinesp. 403
Designing Pediatric Formularies for Childhood Immunization Using Integer Programming Modelsp. 419
Allocating Resources to Control Infectious Diseasesp. 443
Microbial Risk Assessment for Drinking Waterp. 465
Screening for Diabetic Retinopathyp. 493
Decision Making for Bioterror Preparedness: Examples from Smallpox Vaccination Policyp. 519
Models for Kidney Allocationp. 537
Planning in the Face of Politics: Reshaping Children's Health Services in Inner Londonp. 555
Clinical Applications
Modeling Medical Treatment Using Makov Decision Processesp. 593
Dynamic Influence Diagrams: Applications to Medical Decision Modelingp. 613
Assessment of the Benefits of Anesthesia Patient Risk Reduction Measuresp. 639
An Asthma Policy Modelp. 659
A Bayesian Network to Assist Mammography Interpretationp. 695
Optimization and Decision Support in Brachytherapy Treatment Planningp. 721
Radiotherapy Treatment Design and Linear Programmingp. 741
Optimization Tools for Radiation Treatment Planning in Matlabp. 775
Transmission Model Analysis of Non-Typeable Haemophilus Influenzaep. 807
The Impact of Novel Treatments on A[beta] Burden in Alzheimer's Disease: Insights from a Mathematical Modelp. 839
Indexp. 867
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402076299
ISBN-10: 1402076290
Series: International Series in Operations Research & Management Science
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 874
Published: 9th September 2004
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 4.45
Weight (kg): 1.61