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Opening the Ozarks : A Historical Geography of Missouri's Ste.Genevieve District 1760-1830 - Walter A. Schroeder

Opening the Ozarks

A Historical Geography of Missouri's Ste.Genevieve District 1760-1830

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As the oldest European settlement in Missouri, Ste. Genevieve was the funnel through which the eastern Ozarks (the 5,000 square miles beyond Ste. Genevieve's location on the Mississippi) was established. A magisterial account of the settlement of this area from 1760 through 1830, "Opening the Ozarks" focuses on the acquisition and occupation of land, the transformation of the environment, the creation of cohesive settlements, and the building of neighborhoods and eventually organized counties. The study begins with the French Creole settlement at Old Ste. Genevieve in the middle of the eighteenth century. It describes the movement of the French into the Ozark hills during the rest of that century and continues with that of the American immigrants into Upper Louisiana after 1796, ending with the Americanization of the district after the Louisiana Purchase. Walter Schroeder examines the cultural transition from a French society, operating under a Spanish administration, to an American society in which French, Indians, and Africans formed minorities. Schroeder used thousands of French- and Spanish-language documents, including the Archives of the Indies in Seville, Spain, as well as documents from Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis to gather his information. He also utilized thousands of land records from the American period, including deeds of land sales and sales from the public domain, and plats from both the Spanish and American periods. In addition, Schroeder performed years of fieldwork and perused aerial photography of the area, interviewing residents and searching for vestiges of the past in the landscape. As the only study to deal with the cradle of Missouri and the first trans-Mississippi expansion of the Anglo-American frontier, "Opening the Ozarks" will be invaluable to anyone interested in America's geographical history, particularly that of Missouri.

"Walter Schroeder has produced a definitive study of a crucially Important district, a district whose ultimate legacy lies as far afield as Texas, California, and Oregon." - TERRY G. JORDAN

List of Illustrationsp. ix
List of Tablesp. xiii
Forewordp. xv
Prefacep. xvii
Acknowledgmentsp. xix
The Ste. Genevieve Districtp. 3
The Placep. 4
The Timep. 11
Interpretationp. 18
The Environment of Settlement
"A Country Thus Rich by Nature,"p. 27
Resourcesp. 28
Natural Regionsp. 63
Mississippi Alluvial Plainp. 63
Bluff Lands and Karst Plainp. 66
Rough Hillsp. 68
Mining Countryp. 70
Regulating Settlement
French and Spanish Periods to 1795p. 75
French Period before 1770p. 77
Spanish Period, 1770-1795p. 80
Spanish Period, 1796-1804p. 97
American Period, 1804-1818p. 114
Confirming Land Claimsp. 117
Results of the Land-Confirmation Processp. 146
Surveying Private Landsp. 152
The Landlessp. 159
Attempts to Limit Settlementp. 164
American Period, 1818-1830p. 174
U.S. Rectangular Survey and Land Salesp. 174
Lead Landsp. 183
Indian Landsp. 193
Recapitulationp. 194
Building Communities
Settlement Formsp. 201
Planned French Villagep. 202
Unplanned French Villagep. 212
Planned American Townp. 214
Linear Valley Settlementp. 216
Discontinuous Valley Settlementp. 219
Compact Settlementp. 220
Large Tractsp. 221
The French Villagesp. 225
Old Ste. Genevievep. 225
Colluvial Slopesp. 234
New Ste. Genevievep. 235
New Bourbonp. 244
La Salinep. 255
Dispersed Settlementsp. 264
A Traditional French Village in the Hillsp. 267
St. Michelp. 267
The Mining Countryp. 284
Mine a Bretonp. 284
Potosip. 295
Old Minesp. 303
Herculaneump. 320
Big River Bendp. 327
Farmington Plainp. 336
Valley Settlements in the Hillsp. 340
Plattin Valleyp. 340
Lower St. Francis River Valleyp. 345
Private Settlement Colonyp. 351
An Exclusive American Communityp. 359
The Bellevue Valley and Caledoniap. 359
Perry County: A Settlement Mosaicp. 368
Shawnee-Delaware Indian Grantp. 371
Bois Brulep. 382
Fenwick Settlementp. 383
The Barrens and Perryvillep. 388
Brazeau and Abernathy Settlementsp. 396
Organizing Space
"Connecting Tissues"p. 401
The Administrative Perspectivep. 402
A Restless Populationp. 412
Pathways of Integrationp. 415
The Economic Perspectivep. 429
The Ste. Genevieve District as a Settlement Frontierp. 447
Cultural Diversity on the Frontierp. 447
The Environmental Encounterp. 454
Administrative Settlement Policy and Traditional Practicesp. 457
Settlement Patternp. 459
Settlement Systemsp. 461
Spanish Governors-General of Louisianap. 467
Lieutenant Governors of Upper Louisiana during the Spanish Period (in St. Louis)p. 469
U.S. Government Officials Involved in the Land-Confirmation Process in Missourip. 471
Bibliographyp. 473
Indexp. 521
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780826213983
ISBN-10: 0826213987
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 552
Published: 31st July 2002
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.6  x 5.08
Weight (kg): 1.07