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One Bible, Many Voices : Different Approaches to Biblical Studies :  Different Approaches to Biblical Studies - Susan E Gillingham

One Bible, Many Voices : Different Approaches to Biblical Studies

Different Approaches to Biblical Studies

Paperback

Published: January 1999
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No single approach to reading the Bible can do justice to its complex history and content. There are as many different ways of understanding Scripture as there were people involved in its composition. Advocating a pluralistic reading that acknowledges the many voices speaking in the Bible, Susan Gillingham offers theological, historical, and literary insights into the compilation of Scripture and the development of biblical studies. Providing one of the most accessible and helpful introductions to the Bible available, this volume clearly outlines the main issues in understanding Scripture and demonstrates, using Psalm 8 as an example, the best method for reading the Bible today. "Not just another ephemeral book on postmodern theory. It is both a survey and an argument: she contends that the Bible itself is a complex book that can best be understood by the plurality of methods that are actually being used to read it. In engaging and practical terms she discusses historical, literary, and theological approaches to the Bible.... This is one of the first and best introductions to biblical interpretation that treats the postmodern situation of biblical studies seriously and constructively. It will make an excellent textbook in courses on exegesis and interpretation and for use in ecclesiastical study groups." - Religious Studies Review

Acknowledgementsp. xii
Prefacep. xiv
Historical Background 1 The Old Testament c. 1000-167 BCEp. xvi
Historical Background 2 The New Testament c. 200 BCE - 135 CEp. xvii
List of Tables and Figuresp. xix
Introductionp. 1
Plurality in the Making of the Biblep. 7
A Biblical Library? The Smaller Parts of the Greater Wholep. 9
The End of the Process: The Bible as a Body of Literaturep. 9
The Old Testamentp. 10
The New Testamentp. 14
The Middle of the Process: The Bible as a Miscellany of Authorp. 17
The Old Testamentp. 18
The New Testamentp. 20
The Start of the Process: The Bible as a Plethora of Literary Formsp. 22
The Old Testamentp. 22
The New Testamentp. 23
Towards an Integrated Literary Approach to the Biblep. 23
A Biblical Theology? Two Testaments, One Book?p. 27
Theological Diversity in the Old Testament Literaturep. 27
Theological Diversity in the New Testament Literaturep. 33
The Use of the Old Testament in the Newp. 38
Towards an Integrated Theological Approach to the Biblep. 43
A Biblical Corpus? The Canon and the Boundaries of Faithp. 46
The Emergence of Canon in the Old Testament Collectionp. 46
The Lawp. 47
The Prophetsp. 47
The Writingsp. 48
The Emergence of a Canon in the New Testament Collectionp. 54
The Pauline Lettersp. 57
The Four Gospelsp. 58
The 'Other Works'p. 59
The Question of One Biblical Corpusp. 61
The Canon of the Orthodox Churchp. 63
The Canon of the Catholic Churchp. 64
The Canon of the Protestant Churchesp. 65
Towards an Integrated Historical Approach to the Biblep. 67
A Biblical Text? The Variety of Versionsp. 72
The Old Testament Text and the Hebrew, Greek and Latin Versionsp. 72
The Hebrew Textp. 73
The Greek Textp. 84
Latin Versionsp. 88
Aramaic Versionsp. 91
Syriac Versionsp. 92
The New Testament Text and the Greek, Syriac, Latin and Coptic Versionsp. 93
Greek Codices and Papyrip. 95
Syriac Translationsp. 99
Coptic Manuscriptsp. 99
Armenian Versionsp. 99
Latin Versionsp. 100
Translating the Bible into Englishp. 100
Towards an Integrated Reading of the Translated Textp. 110
Plurality in the Reading of the Biblep. 115
Theological Approaches to the Bible
Theological Approaches to Reading in the Jewish Traditionp. 118
The Samaritan Pentateuchp. 118
The Septuagintp. 118
The Targumsp. 119
The Dead Sea Scrollsp. 119
Pesher and Midrasp. 120
Theological Approaches to Reading in the Christian Traditionp. 125
Paulp. 125
Hebrewsp. 127
Irenaeusp. 127
Clement and Origenp. 128
Theodore of Mopsuestia and John Chrysostomp. 129
Jeromep. 130
Augustinep. 131
Gregory the Greatp. 131
Aquinasp. 133
Richard Hookerp. 134
Seventeenth-century Approachesp. 134
Eighteenth-century Approachesp. 135
Karl Barthp. 136
Rudolf Bultmannp. 137
Biblical Hermeneuticsp. 137
Liberation Theologyp. 140
Feminist Theologyp. 141
Conclusions and Implicationsp. 143
Historical Approaches to the Biblep. 144
Different Historical Approachesp. 145
The Problem of Mythp. 146
The Problem of Contradictions in the Accountsp. 148
The Problem of Miraclesp. 150
The Problem of Religious Languagep. 151
The Problem of the Historical Jesusp. 153
The Diachronic Approach: Six Examples of the Historical-Critical Methodp. 157
Biblical Criticismp. 157
Higher Criticismp. 157
Lower Criticismp. 158
Source Criticismp. 159
Form Criticismp. 162
Tradition Criticismp. 164
Redaction Criticismp. 166
Canon Criticismp. 168
Summaryp. 169
Literary Approaches to the Biblep. 171
Different Literary Approachesp. 171
The Synchronic Approach: Six Examples of the Literary-Critical Methodp. 176
Literary Criticismp. 177
Semantic Readings of the Textp. 177
Linguistic Readings of the Textp. 178
Narrative Criticism and Poetic Criticismp. 179
Structuralist Criticismp. 180
Rhetorical Criticismp. 182
Reader-Response Criticismp. 183
Holistic Criticismp. 184
Conclusions and Implicationsp. 185
The Many Voices in the Psalmsp. 187
Plurality in the Making of the Psalterp. 187
The Psalter as a Collection of Smaller Parts within a Greater Wholep. 187
The Psalter as a Diverse Collection of Theologiesp. 191
The Psalter and the Diversity of Canonical Collectionsp. 195
The Diversity of the Psalter Evidenced through
Manuscripts and Versionsp. 199
Plurality in the Reading of the Psalterp. 202
The Psalter and Theological Approachesp. 202
Theological Approaches to the Psalms in the Jewish Traditionp. 202
Theological Approaches to the Psalms in the Christian Traditionp. 208
The Psalter and Historical Approachesp. 211
Higher Criticismp. 211
Source Criticismp. 214
Form Criticismp. 215
Tradition Criticismp. 217
Redaction Criticismp. 218
Canon Criticismp. 219
The Psalter and Literary Approachesp. 220
Semantic and Linguistic Readingsp. 220
Poetic Criticismp. 222
Structuralist Criticismp. 224
Rhetorical Criticismp. 225
Reader-Response Criticismp. 227
Holistic Criticismp. 228
Summaryp. 230
From Theory to Practice: Readings of Psalm 8p. 232
RSV Translation of Psalm 8p. 232
Historical Approachesp. 232
Lower Criticismp. 232
Higher Criticismp. 233
Source Criticismp. 234
Form Criticismp. 235
Tradition Criticismp. 235
Redaction Criticismp. 236
Canon Criticismp. 237
Literary Approachesp. 237
Semantic and Linguistic Readingsp. 237
Poetic Criticismp. 238
Structuralist Criticismp. 238
Rhetorical Criticismp. 240
Reader-Response Criticismp. 242
Holistic Criticismp. 242
Theological Approachesp. 243
Conclusionp. 245
Bibliographyp. 248
Subject Indexp. 271
Author Indexp. 275
Bible Reference Indexp. 278
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780802846617
ISBN-10: 0802846610
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 300
Published: January 1999
Publisher: William B Eerdmans Publishing Co
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.41