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On the Way to Component-Based 3D-4D Geoinformation Systems : Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering, - Martin Breunig

On the Way to Component-Based 3D-4D Geoinformation Systems

Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering,

Paperback

Published: October 2000
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The book deals with two central themes: data modeling and management for 3D objects during different time states and the opening of geoinformation systems to a new generation of component-based GIS. The way from first geo-database kernel systems to a component-based GeoToolKit is presented. Furthermore, the implementation of a component-based GIS with geological and geophysical applications is described. With the common data access to a geo-database the geological and the geophysical applications are brought closer together and profit from each other's interpretations of the data.

Introductionp. 1
Research Field "Geoinformation Systems"p. 1
Overviewp. 2
Fundamental Principlesp. 3
"Geoinformation Science"p. 3
Change of the Notion 'GIS'p. 3
GIS Research in Germany: a Retrospectivep. 3
International Developmentp. 4
3D/4D Geoinformation Systemsp. 6
On the Way to Component-Based Geoinformation Systemsp. 6
Geodata Modellingp. 8
Peculiarities of Geoscientific Data: Spatial and Temporal Referencep. 8
Pointset Topologyp. 9
Algebraic Topologyp. 9
Pointset and Algebraic Topology in Timep. 12
Approaches of Spatial Data Modelsp. 13
Field-Based Modelsp. 13
Object-Based Modelsp. 15
Temporal Extension of the Field-Based and the Object-Based Approachp. 17
Implementation of Spatial Data Modelsp. 17
Vector Representationp. 17
Raster Representationp. 17
Layer Modelp. 19
GIS Typesp. 20
Vector-Based GISp. 20
Raster-Based GISp. 21
3D/4D Geoinformation Systemsp. 21
Geodata Managementp. 22
Functionality of a Geodatabasep. 22
Spatial Access Methodsp. 24
Quadtree on Top of B*-Treep. 24
Grid Filesp. 28
R-Treesp. 29
From the Relational to the Object-Oriented Database Designp. 30
Geodata Analysisp. 32
Elementary Geometric Algorithms for GIS Applicationsp. 32
Visualization of Spatial and Temporal Datap. 39
Examples of Today's Geoinformation Systemsp. 41
Commercial Systemsp. 41
ARC/INFOp. 41
SYSTEM 9p. 46
SMALLWORLD GISp. 47
Research Prototypesp. 49
GEO++p. 49
GeO2p. 50
GODOTp. 51
GeoStorep. 52
Comparisonp. 54
Data Modelling and Management for 3D/4D Geoinformation Systemsp. 57
Relevance of Space and Timep. 57
Spacep. 57
Timep. 58
Analogies between Space and Timep. 58
Topological Propertiesp. 58
Metric Propertiesp. 59
Field-Based and Object-Based Modellingp. 60
Approximation in Space and Timep. 60
Differencesp. 62
Modelling of Spatial and Temporal Objectsp. 62
Suitable Spatial and Temporal Representationsp. 62
Generalized Mapsp. 63
¿-Shapesp. 65
Convex Simplicial Complexesp. 66
Spatial and Temporal Operationsp. 67
Classificationp. 67
Spatial Topological Relationshipsp. 69
Temporal Change of the Spatial Topologyp. 73
Change of Geometry, Topology and Connected Components for Objects in Timep. 77
Temporal Topological Relationshipsp. 83
Geo-Objects in Space and Timep. 83
Equality of Spatio-Temporal Objectsp. 84
Management of Spatial and Temporal Objectsp. 86
Checking of Spatial and Temporal Integrity Constraintsp. 86
Checking of the Geometryp. 86
Checking of the Topologyp. 87
Spatial and Temporal Database Queriesp. 88
Spatio-Temporal Database Accessp. 92
Supporting the Visualization of Large Sets of Spatio-Temporal Objectsp. 98
Systems Development: from Geodatabase Kernel Systems to Component-Based 3D/4D Geoinformation Systemsp. 103
Geodatabase Kernel Systemsp. 103
Requirementsp. 103
The DASDBS-Geokernelp. 104
Conceptsp. 104
Architecturep. 105
Coupling the DASDBS Geokernel with a Map Construction Systemp. 106
The Object Management Systemp. 107
Architecturep. 108
Deep Embedding of 3D Data Types and Access Pathsp. 108
Database Query Languagep. 109
The GeoToolKitp. 109
Historical Developmentp. 110
Component-Based Architecturep. 110
Data Modelp. 111
Spatial Representationsp. 114
Spatial Indexesp. 115
Extensible 3D Visualizationp. 119
Example of an Application: Balanced Restoration of Structural Basin Evolutionp. 121
Realization of Geological Components for a 3D/4D Geoinformation Systemp. 125
Object Model Editorp. 125
Integrity Checking Componentp. 126
Database Support of the Interactive Geological Modelingp. 131
Support of Different Examination Areasp. 136
Component for the Management of Time-Dependent Geologically Defined Geometriesp. 137
Data and Methods Integrationp. 143
Starting with the Geoscientific Phenomenon: the Meta Data Approachp. 143
Retrieval of Meta Datap. 144
Similarity Queriesp. 144
Starting with the Data: the Original Data Approachp. 144
Integrated Database Views: Spatial Operators for Schema Integrationp. 145
A Case Studyp. 147
Integration of Different Types of Well Datap. 147
Integration of the Well Data with 3D Model Datap. 152
Integration of Heterogeneous Spatial Representationsp. 153
The Problemp. 153
Spatial Representations Used in Geoscientific 3D Toolsp. 154
An Example from Geology and Geophysicsp. 155
Objectives of the "Integrated Application"p. 155
Consistent Object Exchange and Data Model Integrationp. 157
Geological-Geophysical 3D Object Modelp. 159
Methods Integrationp. 161
Systems Integrationp. 165
Requirementsp. 165
Approaches for Systems Integrationp. 166
Coupling Mechanismsp. 168
Client-Server Connection of an OODBMSp. 168
Client-Server Connection via Standard UNIX Technologyp. 169
CORB A Communication Platformp. 169
Persistency of CORBA Objectsp. 170
Implementation of a Component-Based Geoinformation Systemp. 172
Access to an Open Geo-Databasep. 172
CORBA-Based Solutionp. 173
Outlookp. 179
Referencesp. 181
Indexp. 197
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540678069
ISBN-10: 3540678069
Series: Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering,
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 202
Published: October 2000
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.17
Weight (kg): 0.31