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On the Basis of Morality : Classics Ser. - Arthur Schopenhauer

On the Basis of Morality

Classics Ser.

By: Arthur Schopenhauer, E. F. J. Payn (Translator), David E. Cartwright (Introduction by)

Hardcover Published: 1st March 1995
ISBN: 9781571810526
Number Of Pages: 226

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Interest in Schopenhauer has increased noticeably in recent years. Published here is one of his key works, which has been out of print for a long time, in the form of Payne's definitive translation. This work is one of the most significant nineteenth century treatises on ethics. It is also Schopenhauer's most extended discussion of traditional themes in ethics and presents a descriptive ethics radically at odds with rationally based, prescriptive ethical theories. Schopenhauer begins this book with a wide-ranging critique of Kant's ethics, one that anticipates the work of contemporary critics of modern moral philosophy like that of G E M Anscombe, Philippa Foot, and Richard Taylor. Schopenhauer argues that compassion is the basis of morality, and in so doing presents a virtue ethics in which passion and desire are viewed as the keys for explaining different moral characters, behaviours, and world views. In the concluding part of his essay, Schopenhauer sketches his metaphysics of morals, using Kant's transcendental idealism as a ground for stressing both the interconnectiveness of being and the affinity of his ethics to Eastern thought.

Biographical Note
Selected Bibliography
Preface to the First Editionp. 3
Preface to the Second Editionp. 33
The Question Advanced by the Royal Societyp. 37
Introductionp. 39
Concerning the Problemp. 39
General Retrospectp. 43
Criticism of the Basis Given to Ethics by Kantp. 49
Brief Surveyp. 49
On the Imperative Form of the Kantian Ethicsp. 52
On the Assumption of Duties to Ourselves in Particularp. 58
On the Basis of the Kantian Ethicsp. 61
On the Supreme Principle of the Kantian Ethicsp. 88
On the Derived Forms of the Supreme Principle of the Kantian Ethicsp. 94
Kant's Doctrine of Consciencep. 104
Kant's Doctrine of the Intelligible and Empirical Characters. Theory of Freedomp. 109
Fichte's Ethics as a Mirror for Magnifying the Errors of the Kantianp. 115
The Foundation of Ethicsp. 120
Requirementsp. 120
Skeptical Viewp. 121
Antimoral Incentivesp. 131
Criterion of Actions of Moral Worthp. 138
Statement and Proof of the Only Genuine Moral Incentivep. 140
The Virtue of Justicep. 148
The Virtue of Loving-Kindnessp. 162
Confirmations of the Expounded Basis of Moralsp. 167
On the Ethical Difference of Charactersp. 187
On the Metaphysical Explanation of the Primary Ethical Phenomenonp. 199
How to Understand This Supplementp. 199
Metaphysical Foundationp. 203
Judgement of the Royal Danish Societyp. 215
Indexp. 217
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781571810526
ISBN-10: 1571810528
Series: Classics Ser.
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 226
Published: 1st March 1995
Publisher: Berghahn Books, Incorporated
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.45
Edition Number: 2
Edition Type: Revised

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