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Old English : A Historical Linguistic Companion - Roger Lass

Old English

A Historical Linguistic Companion

Paperback Published: 2nd May 1994
ISBN: 9780521458481
Number Of Pages: 324

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Old English is a companion to Old English studies and to historical studies of early English in general. Professor Roger Lass makes accessible in a linguistically up-to-date and readable form the Indo-European and Germanic background to Old English, as well as what can be reconstructed about the resulting state of Old English itself. He bridges the gap between elementary Old English grammars and the major philological grammars and recent interpretations of Old English data.

Industry Reviews

."..a remarkably useful and informative book for those who are reaching beyond the introductory OE grammers but are somewhat daunted by the meticulous detail and stilted presentation of the standard handbooks. The information in this book is presented clearly and concisely, and contains numerous tables and figures to better illustrate important points of phonological and morphological change in OE and other Germanic languages..." WORD

Prefacep. xiii
Conventions, symbols and abbreviationsp. xvii
Introduction and caveats: the notion 'Old English'p. 1
A note on handbooksp. 5
Historical prelude
Background and originsp. 9
History in linguistic descriptionp. 9
Indo-European and Germanicp. 10
The attestation of Germanicp. 12
Classification of the Germanic languagesp. 13
Indo-European to Proto-Germanic to West Germanicp. 17
Germanic: an innovation clusterp. 17
Formation of the PGmc vowel systemp. 18
The IE consonants: Grimm's Lawp. 19
The Accent Shift and Verner's Lawp. 21
Recapitulation: PGmc phonological systemsp. 24
Some further remarks on PGmc phonologyp. 24
Features of Northwest Germanicp. 25
West Germanicp. 27
Old English Phonology
Evolution of Old English phonology: the major early sound changesp. 33
Sound change and linguistic structurep. 33
West Germanic Geminationp. 34
Pre-nasal vowels in Ingvaeonic and Anglo-Frisianp. 38
West Germanic */[alpha]:/ and */[alpha]i/ in Ingvaeonicp. 39
Anglo-Frisian Brightening, Restoration of [alpha] and the /ae/:/[alpha]/ oppositionp. 41
Diphthongs old and new: Breaking and related processesp. 45
'Long' and 'short' diphthongsp. 45
Breaking, retraction and Diphthong Height Harmonyp. 48
Back umlautp. 51
Morphophonemic effects of diphthongizationp. 52
Palatalizationp. 53
I-umlautp. 59
From allophonic rule to phonemic contrastp. 59
I-umlaut in detailp. 64
I-umlaut and Old English morphologyp. 70
The fricatives: voicing, devoicing, hardening and deletionp. 71
OE /f, [theta], s/p. 71
The velarsp. 74
Fricative hardening and its consequencesp. 76
Appendix: 'Palatal Diphthongization'p. 78
Suprasegmentalsp. 83
Suprasegmentalsp. 83
Germanic stress and Old English stressp. 84
Stress rules and 'degrees of stress'p. 84
The Germanic Stress Rulep. 87
Old English stressp. 91
Major developments in weak syllablesp. 95
Final reduction and lossp. 95
High Vowel Deletion and medial syncopep. 98
Morphophonemic intermezzo
Ablaut, the laryngeals and the IE rootp. 105
The basic alternationsp. 105
The conditioning of ablautp. 107
The laryngeals: 'Irregular' ablaut regularized and a new look for IE root-structurep. 109
Roots and extensionsp. 114
Zero-grade revisitedp. 116
Appendix: consonantal alternationsp. 118
Morphology, lexis and syntax
Inflectional morphology, I: nouns, pronous, determiners and adjectivesp. 123
The nounp. 123
Root vs. stem, thematic vs. athematicp. 123
IE noun-inflection: gender, number, casep. 126
The major noun classesp. 129
A note in retrospectp. 138
Pronouns and determinersp. 139
Personal pronounsp. 139
'Definite article'/demonstrativep. 142
Interrogative pronounsp. 145
The adjectivep. 146
The basic inflectionsp. 146
Comparisonp. 149
Inflectional morphology, II: The verbp. 151
Historical preliminariesp. 151
The strong verbp. 153
Ablaut in the strong verb, classes I-Vp. 153
The strong verb, classes VI-VIIp. 158
The strong past participlep. 161
Infinitive and present participle (strong and weak)p. 162
The weak verbp. 164
The weak preterite suffix and past participlep. 164
The weak verb classesp. 166
Preterite presents and minor verb typesp. 169
Preterite presentsp. 169
Athematic root verbs and 'to be'p. 170
Person/number/mood inflectionp. 172
The strong verbp. 172
The weak verb: present systemp. 174
The weak verb: preteritep. 176
Vocabulary and word-formationp. 178
The PGmc lexiconp. 178
Loans in Old Englishp. 183
Latinp. 183
Scandinavianp. 186
Celtic and Frenchp. 189
Word-formationp. 190
Typology and productivityp. 190
Compoundingp. 194
Derivationp. 198
Names, adverbs and numeralsp. 205
Proper namesp. 205
Adverbsp. 207
Numeralsp. 208
Topics in OE historical syntax: word-order and casep. 216
Reconstructed syntax?p. 216
Basic constituent orderp. 217
The clausal brace and verb-second orderp. 224
The syntax of the OE cases in historical perspectivep. 228
Overview: form, function and syncretismp. 228
Historical persistence or natural semantics? IE remains in OE case syntaxp. 234
Historical postlude
The dissolution of Old Englishp. 243
Stasis, flux, transitionp. 243
Monophthongization and mergerp. 246
The new diphthongsp. 247
Quantity adjustmentp. 249
Weak vowel collapse and the new morphologyp. 250
Glossaryp. 253
Referencesp. 272
Index of namesp. 281
Subject indexp. 283
Index of Old English words and affixesp. 290
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521458481
ISBN-10: 052145848X
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 324
Published: 2nd May 1994
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 23.22 x 15.14  x 2.08
Weight (kg): 0.49

Earn 166 Qantas Points
on this Book