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Ocular Radiation Risk Assessment in Populations Exposed to Environmental Radiation Contamination : NATO Asi Series. Partnership Subseries 2, Environmental, Vol 50 - A.K. Junk

Ocular Radiation Risk Assessment in Populations Exposed to Environmental Radiation Contamination

NATO Asi Series. Partnership Subseries 2, Environmental, Vol 50

By: A.K. Junk (Editor), Y. Kundiev (Editor), P. Vitte (Editor), B. V. Worgul (Editor)

Hardcover Published: 31st October 1998
ISBN: 9780792353102
Number Of Pages: 225

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Several major follow-up studies are currently underway or are being planned to assess populations exposed to radiation from nuclear reactor accidents, contamination from nuclear weapons manufacturing, or fallout from nuclear testing. The data should help to define the true extent of the impact of environmental contamination; allow a better appreciation of the morbidity arising from such contamination; establish acceptable standards for ocular risk guidelines; develop a necessary database for retrospective dose reconstruction using cataract; and assess the contribution of environmental radiation exposure to the incidence of senile cataract development in general populations. Given the complexity of such studies, the potential confounders and the myriad possible methods of assessment, the global medical and scientific communities need to standardize methodologies and agree on minimum criteria to permit inter-study comparisons. Such standards have been developed in the present book, which presents a series of recommendations that represent the first codification of the manner in which studies should be executed. Minimum standardized criteria are given for the acquisition, archiving, evaluation and dissemination of data on the ocular risk of populations from environmental radiation exposure.

Preface
Organization
List of Participants
The Ukrainian/American Chernobyl Ocular Studyp. 1
Cataractous Changes Related to Radiation and Aging among the Atomic Bomb Survivors in Hiroshimap. 13
Quantification of Lens Opacities with Digital Scheimpflug Imagingp. 21
A Control Group for Radiation Induced Lens Opacities using an Electronic Scheimpflug Systemp. 27
Posterior Subcapsular Cataract and Dry Eye Syndrome after Radiation Exposure by the Chernobyl Accidentp. 33
The Incidence of Eye Disorders among Chernobyl Clean-Up Workersp. 43
Radiation Cataracts in High Dose Liquidators Who Developed Acute Radiation Syndromep. 51
Ophthalmo-Pathology in Victims of the Chernobyl Catastrophy - Results of Clinical Epidemiological Studyp. 57
Condition of Eye and Parameters of Free Radical Processes in Organism in the Liquidators after the Chernobyl Accidentp. 69
Physical and Chemical Changes in Murine Lens at early Stage of Cataract Development Induced by Total Gamma-Irradiationp. 81
Overview on Existing Approaches to Dose Reconstruction - Recommendations for the Ukrainian-American Chernobyl Ocular Study (UACOS)p. 89
Physical and Radiobiological Considerations in Eye Dosimetryp. 99
Dosimetry, Dose Reconstruction and Epidemiology: Lessons from Radpath, Radtest and Related Studiesp. 115
Methodologies - Strengths and Weaknesses: A View on the Dosimetric Support for the Chernobyl Liquidator Eye Cataract Studyp. 121
Estimation of Environmental Burdens by Radiation: Radiological Units: From Gray to Sievertp. 131
In Vitro Biocompatibility Testing of Intraocular Biomaterialsp. 143
X-Ray Sensitivity and DNA Damage in Bovine Lens Epithelial Cells in Vitrop. 153
Induction and Repair of DNA Strand Breaks in Bovine Lens Epithelial Cells after High Let Irradiationp. 163
Laser Scanning Focal Length Variability is a Measure of Damage in Rat Lens in Model Astronaut Cataracts Treated with Vitamin E (VE) Or R-[alpha]-Lipoic Acid (RLA)p. 173
Overview of the Epidemiology of Radiation Cataractsp. 183
Prevalence of Lens Opacity in Population with Chronic Low-Dose Gamma-Radiation Exposure from Radioactive Apartments in Taiwanp. 191
The Experiences of Surveys for an Epidemiological Database of Different Occupational Groups of Rural Workers in Ukrainep. 197
Final Recommendations of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Ocular Radiation Risk Assessment in Populations Exposed to Environmental Radiation Contamination", Kiev 1997p. 203
Subject Indexp. 221
Author's Indexp. 225
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792353102
ISBN-10: 0792353102
Series: NATO Asi Series. Partnership Subseries 2, Environmental, Vol 50
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 225
Published: 31st October 1998
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 24.13 x 17.15  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.52