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Occupational Health and Safety in Construction Project Management - Helen Lingard

Occupational Health and Safety in Construction Project Management

Hardcover
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Published: 17th February 2005
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With the increase in legislation and the drive for ever-greater efficiency and accountability, health and safety in construction is becoming an increasingly important subject. This book covers the essential issues that apply specifically to construction projects, including the nature and causes of occupational injury or illness, project organisation and OHS, OHS risk management, OHS legislation, the psychology of OHS, behavioural safety management, using IT to manage OHS, and OHS training.

Numerous case studies illustrate important points and refer to current successful safety management techniques, giving practical guidance to the practitioner and putting the issues into context for the student. This book will be of specific interest to clients, project managers, specialist consultants, designers, contractors, sub-contractors and suppliers.

About the Authors

Dr Helen Lingard was formerly Lecturer in Construction Management at the University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Professor Steve Rowlinson is a Lecturer in the Department of Real Estate and Construction at the University of Hong Kong.

Introduction
Occupational Health and Safety in the Construction Industry
Construction as a Process
Autonomous Working and the Subcontracting System
The Role of Client and Designer in Safety
Designing Safety and Health into the Process
Codes of Practice and StAndards
Falls
Mechanical Equipment
Power Tools
HAnd Tools
Temporary Works
Manual HAndling Risks on Construction Sites
Method Statements
Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
Hazardous Chemicals
Noise Exposure
Barriers to Improvement
Traditional Separation of Design and Construction
Competitive Tendering
The Plethora of Small Businesses
Sub-Contracting
Emphasis on Contractual Relationships
Stimuli for Change
Safety as a Social and Moral Responsibility
Theories of Accident Causation
Blaming the Worker or the System?
Heinrich''s ''Domino'' Theory
An Updated Domino Sequence
Multiple Causation Models
The Epidemiological Approach
Psychological Models
Energy-Damage Models
The Socio-Technical Systems Approach
Causal Factors in Construction Incidents
OHS as a Management Responsibility
Mapping the Way
Discussion and Review Questions
Occupational Health and Safety Law
Introduction
Sources of Law
Preventive OHS Legislation
Early OHS Legislation
Specification StAndards
Unsuitability for Certain Types of Risk
Little Incentive to Improve Beyond Minimum StAndard
Lacking in Flexibility
The Need for Reform
The Robens Report
Legislative Reform
General Duties Provisions
Principle-Based StAndards
Qualifying Terms
Consultation
OHS Committees
Employee OHS Representatives
Emphasis on Non-Statutory Codes of Practice
Robens in Construction
Structure of the Industry
Need for Prescription
Employee Representation
Contractors and Contingent Workers
Contractors and Subcontractors
Non-Employees
Criticisms of Robens
Effective OHS Legislation
Process-Based StAndards
Process Requirements in Construction
OHS Responsibilities in the Construction Supply Chain
Designers'' OHS Obligations
Effect of the CDM Regulations
Alternative Regulatory Models
Enforcement and Sanctions
Enforcement Strategies
On-The-Spot Fines
The Criminal Law
The Mental Element
Establishing Corporate Guilt
Establishing Individual Guilt
Alternative Models for Attributing Corporate Guilt
The Investigation Process
Sanctions for Corporate Crime
Employees'' Compensation
Common Law Actions
No-Fault Systems
Statutory ''No-Fault'' Compensation Schemes
The Concept of Work-Relatedness
Workers Compensation and Injury/Illness Prevention
Class Ratings
Experience Rating
Bonus and Penalty Schemes
Up-Front Discounts
Occupational Rehabilitation
Rehabilitation in Construction
Conclusions
Discussion and Review Questions
Organisational Issues
Introduction
Organisation Theory: Management and Organisation
Roles and Relationships of the Parties
Regulatory and Legislative Initiatives
Influence of Procurement Strategy on OHS
Procurement Systems: An Overview
Procurement - Theoretical Foundations
Definitions
Contract Strategy: Procurement Systems
Traditional
Design-Build
Divided-Contract Approach
Contract Strategy Variables
Organisation Form
Payment Methods
Overlap of Project Phases
Tendering and Selection Process
Source of Project Finance
Contract Documents
Leadership
Authority and Responsibility
Supervision on Site
Performance
Construction Industry Issues
Managing Contractors and Subcontractors
Discipline and Powerlessness
Other Subcontracting Issues
Partnering
Term Contracts, Maintenance and Facilities Management
Lean Construction and OHS
Summary
Review and Discussion Questions
Systems Management of OHS
Introduction
OHS Management
OHS Policy
Organising
Consultation
Communicating OHS Information
OHS Competencies
Training Needs Analysis
Training Design and Delivery
Training Evaluation
Training Transfer
Planning and Implementing
Multi-Level OHS Planning
Job Safety Analysis
Resourcing
Measuring and Monitoring Performanc
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780419262107
ISBN-10: 0419262105
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 17th February 2005
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Ltd
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.77 x 17.15  x 3.18
Weight (kg): 0.82
Edition Number: 1