- Is objectivity possible?
- Can there be objectivity in matters of morals, or tastes?
- What would a truly objective account of the world be like?
- Is everything subjective, or relative?
- Are moral judgments objective or culturally relative?
Objectivity is both an essential and elusive philosophical concept. An account is generally considered to be objective if it attempts to capture the nature of the object studied without judgement of a conscious entity or subject. Objectivity stands in contrast to subjectivity: an objective account is impartial, one which could ideally be accepted by any subject, because it does not draw on any assumptions, prejudices, or values of particular subjects. Stephen Gaukroger shows that it is far from
clear that we can resolve moral or aesthetic disputes in this way and it has often been argued that such an approach is not always appropriate for disciplines that deal with human, rather than natural, phenomena. Moreover, even in those cases where we seek to be objective, it may be difficult to
judge what a truly objective account would look like, and whether it is achievable.
This Very Short Introduction demonstrates that there are a number of common misunderstandings about what objectivity is, and explores the theoretical and practical problems of objectivity by assessing the basic questions raised by it. As well as considering the core philosophical issues, Gaukroger also deals with the way in which particular understandings of objectivity impinge on social research, science, and art.
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2: Aren't all judgements biased in one way or another?
3: Don't all judgements involve some assumptions?
4: Doesn't science show there is no objectivity?
5: Is it possible to represent things objectively?
6: Is objectivity a form of honesty?
7: Objectivity in numbers?
8: Can the study of human behaviour be objective?
9: Can there be objectivity in ethics?
10: Can there be objectivity in taste?
Series: Very Short Introductions
Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 152
Published: 24th May 2012
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 17.3 x 11.3
Weight (kg): 0.11