This is a book about numbers - all kinds of numbers, from integers to "p"-adics, from rationals to octonions, from reals to infinitesimals. Who first used the standard notation for A? Why was Hamilton obsessed with quaternions? What was the prospect for "quaternionic analysis" in the 19th century? This is the story about one of the major threads of mathematics over thousands of years. It is a story that will give the reader both a glimpse of the mystery surrounding imaginary numbers in the 17th century and also a view of some major developments in the 20th.
A. From the Natural Numbers, to the Complex Numbers, to the p-adics.- 1. Natural Numbers, Integers, and Rational Numbers.- 2. Real Numbers.- 3. Complex Numbers.- 4. The Fundamental Theorem of Algebr.- 5. What is ??.- 6. The p-Adic Numbers.- B. Real Division Algebras.- Repertory. Basic Concepts from the Theory of Algebras.- 7. Hamilton's Quaternions.- 8. The Isomorphism Theorems of FROBENIUS, HOPF and GELFAND-MAZUR.- 9. CAYLEY Numbers or Alternative Division Algebras.- 10. Composition Algebras. HURWITZ's Theorem-Vector-Product Algebras.- 11. Division Algebras and Topology.- C. Infinitesimals, Games, and Sets.- 12. Nonsiandard Analysis.- 13. Numbers and Games.- 14. Set Theory and Mathematics.- Name Index.- Portraits of Famous Mathematicians.
Series: Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics
Number Of Pages: 398
Published: 18th January 1996
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.59
Edition Number: 3