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Nuclear Safety : A Human Factors Perspective - Jyuji Misumi

Nuclear Safety

A Human Factors Perspective

Hardcover Published: 1st November 1998
ISBN: 9780748408184
Number Of Pages: 350

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For many years, as a direct result of international governmental concern, the nuclear power industry has been at the forefront of industrial safety. This text represents a cross-disciplinary look at the human factors developments in this industry, with wider applications for the entire industrial sector. Technical, psychological and social aspects of industrial safety come under the scrutiny of scientists and engineers from an array of different backgrounds. The contributors are international safety scientists from the USA, Japan and Europe, and their chapters deal with a variety of issues: from theoretical aspects of applicable cultural models, to reviews of actual safety performance in specific plants.

List of contributors
Preface
Introduction
Nuclear power operations and their environment: culture and inter-organisational relationsp. 1
The social construction of safetyp. 5
Constructing organisational reliability: the problem of embeddedness and dualityp. 25
Finnish and Swedish practices in nuclear safetyp. 49
The cultural context of nuclear safety culture: a conceptual model and field studyp. 61
Implicit social norms in reactor control roomsp. 77
Situational assessment of safety culturep. 85
Advanced displays, cultural stereotypes and organisational characteristics of a control roomp. 97
From theory to practice - on the difficulties of improving human-factors learning from events in an inhospitable environmentp. 113
Inter-organisational development in the German nuclear safety systemp. 127
Nuclear power operations: organisational aspectsp. 141
Organisational factors and nuclear power plant safetyp. 145
Capturing the river: multilevel modelling of safety managementp. 161
The effects of leadership and group decision on accident preventionp. 183
Are we casting the net too widely in our search for the factors contributing to errors and accidents?p. 199
Group and individual performancep. 209
Human performance indicatorsp. 213
Predicting human error probabilities from the ability requirements of jobs in nuclear power plantsp. 221
Self-assessment and learning in nuclear power plant simulation trainingp. 243
Knowledge acquisition through repeated theoretical and practical trainingp. 257
Learning from experiencep. 271
An outline of human factors studies conducted by the Japanese electric power industryp. 275
Human errors in Japanese nuclear power plants: a review of 25 yearsp. 291
Human factors as revealed by the use of natural language in near-incidents at nuclear power plantsp. 305
Human factors in nuclear power plant maintenance - an empirical studyp. 331
A review of human error prevention activities at Kansai Electric's nuclear power stationsp. 341
Indexp. 349
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780748408184
ISBN-10: 0748408185
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 350
Published: 1st November 1998
Publisher: CRC PR INC
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.21 x 16.31  x 2.57
Weight (kg): 0.73
Edition Number: 1