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Novel Approaches for Bioremediation of Organic Pollution - Raffi Fass

Novel Approaches for Bioremediation of Organic Pollution

By: Raffi Fass (Editor), Yehuda Flashner (Editor), Shaul Reuveny (Editor)

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Published: 31st March 1999
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Pollution of the environment with organic compounds, mostly due to industrial ac­ tivities, has become a major environmental issue. The situation is getting worse due to the continued release of large amounts of chemicals and the broadening of the spectrum of xenobiotics that to which the biosphere is exposed to. The field of biodegradation and bioremediation has experienced a dynamic and in­ tense period of development during the last few years, encompassing all its different disci­ plines: Isolation and characterization of new microorganisms with novel catabolic activities, understanding the specific enzymatic mechanisms underlying biodegradation, rational design of genetically engineered degrading microorganisms, and studying the in­ teraction of the degrading organism with biotic and abiotic components within the envi­ ronment to allow development of efficient bioremediation processes. nd This book, devoted to the proceedings of the 42 OHOLO Conference on "Novel Approaches for Bioremediation of Organic Pollution" which was held in Eilat, Israel, in May 1998, obviously does not cover the full range of bioremediation research. However, an attempt has been made to address the major issues in bioremediation of organic pollu­ tion. The four sessions of the conference covered a wide spectrum of topics, from the lab research-characterization of enzymes and pathways, genetic design of degradative mi­ croorganisms, to the field application issues-bioaccessibility, bioavailability, process de­ velopment and field studies.

Chemical Studies of Carbon Tetrachloride Transformation by Pseudomonas stutzeri Strain KCp. 1
Microbial Transformation of the Chiral Pollutants Mecoprop and Dichlorprop: The Necessity of Considering Stereochemistryp. 13
The Use of Fungal Laccase for Oxidation of Phosphorothiolatesp. 21
MSA Monooxygenase: An Enzyme from Terrestrial and Marine Bacteria which Degrades the Natural Sulfonate Methanesulfonatep. 29
Bacterial Fluoranthene Degradation: Indication for a Novel Degradation Pathwayp. 39
Strategies for the Aerobic Biodegradation of Dinitrotoluenesp. 47
The Degradation of Nitrate Ester Explosives and TNT by Enterobacter cloacae PB2p. 59
Cross Induction of 4-Nitrobenzoate and 4-Aminobenzoate Degradation by Burkholderia cepacia Strain PB4p. 71
Mineralization of Azo Dyes under Integrated Anaerobic/Aerobic Conditionsp. 83
Microbial Enzymes in Biodegradationp. 95
Engineering Hydrolases for the Conversion of Halogenated Aliphatic Hydrocarbons and Epoxidesp. 105
Ferredoxin-Mediated Reactivation of Catechol Dioxygenase Improves Aromatic Ring Cleavage in Pseudomonadsp. 117
Directed Evolution of a Bacterial Pesticides Degrading Enzymep. 127
Prokaryotic Whole-Cell Living Bioreporters Expressing Bioluminescence upon the Presence of Bioavailable Concentrations of Specific Pollutants: An Overviewp. 137
Active Biological Containment for Bioremediation in the Rhizospherep. 151
Bioremediation of High Molecular Weight PAHs: Application of Techniques in Bioaugmentation and Bioavailability Enhancementp. 157
Role of Acinetobacter Bioemulsans in Petroleum Degradationp. 171
Bacterial Monitoring of a Crude Oil-Contaminated Soil Undergoing Laboratory-Scale Bioremediationp. 181
Bioavailability of 1,2,3,4-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-Dioxin (TCDD) for Dechlorination by an Anaerobic Microbial Consortium, in the Presence of Dissolved Organic Carbon: Preliminary Resultsp. 189
Biotic and Abiotic Factors Involved in Bioavailability of Pollutantsp. 197
Biodegradation of Organic Pollution Involving Soil Iron(III) Solubilized by Bacterial Siderophores as an Electron Acceptor: Possibilities and Perspectivesp. 205
[superscript 13]C/[superscript 12]C Stable Isotope Fractionation of Toluene by Anaerobic Degradation: A New Method to Monitor Biological Degradation in Situ?p. 219
Degradation of Atrazine in Contaminated Sub-Soil and Wastewater by Whole Cells of Pseudomonas sp. Strain ADP and by the Enzyme Atrazine Chlorohydrolasep. 227
Field Application of a Genetically Engineered Microorganism for Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Bioremediation Process Monitoring and Controlp. 241
Biostabilization Technology for Treating PAH-and PCP-Impacted Soil to Environmentally Acceptable Endpointsp. 255
Bioaugmentation Using Repeated Inoculations of Xenobiotic-Degrading Bacteriap. 273
Natural Attenuation of Aromatic Compounds and Heavy Metals in a Lacustrine Sand Aquifer at Villa Farm, UKp. 285
New Membrane Reactor Concept for the Biodegradation of Recalcitrant Organic Compoundsp. 297
Indexp. 309
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306461026
ISBN-10: 0306461021
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 316
Published: 31st March 1999
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 26.04 x 17.15  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.84