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North of the Color Line : Migration and Black Resistance in Canada, 1870-1955 - Sarah-Jane Mathieu

North of the Color Line

Migration and Black Resistance in Canada, 1870-1955

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Published: 29th November 2010
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"Sarah-Jane Mathieu's scholarship opens up and deepens our understanding of race, migration, immigration, urbanization, and the discourse of white supremacy through its exploration of the United states' northern neighbor. She exposes multiple assumptions and contradictions presently embedded in the consciousness of citizens of Canada and the United States as well as the historical literature. Her treatment is creative, well-researched, and beautifully written." Beth Tompkins Bates, author of Pullman Porters and the Rise of Protest Politics in Black America, 1925-1945

"Tracing the struggles and successes of the Order of Sleeping Car Porters, North of the Color Line provides a compelling account of the making and remaking of race relations in Canada. Painting on a big canvas, drawing on a wide range of sources, and tackling ambitious themes, Mathieu offers vivid characterizations of the African Canadian, African American, and West Indian men who rode the rails and the network of women from Halifax to Vancouver who together sought to forge lives of dignity and security." Nora Faires, Western Michigan University

North of the Color Line examines life in Canada for the estimated 5,000 blacks, both African Americans and West Indians. Who immigrated to Canada after the end of Reconstruction in the United States. Through the experiences of black railway workers and their union. the Order of Sleeping Car Porters, Sarah-Jane Mathieu connects social, political, labor, immigration, and black diaspora history during the Jim Crow era.

By World War I, sleeping car portering had become the exclusive province of black men. White railwaymen protested the presence of the black workers and insisted on a segregated workforce. Using the firsthand accounts of former sleeping car porters, Mathieu shows that porters often found themselves leading racial uplift organizations, galvanizing their communities, and becoming the bedrock of civel rights activism.

Examining the spread of segregation laws and practices in Canda, whose citizens often imagined themselves as devoid of racism, Mathieu historicizes Canadian racial attitudes, and explores how black migrants brought their own sensibiligties about race to Canada, participating in and changing political discourse there.

Truly innovative study. Recommended. Most levels/libraries." --Choice

Acknowledgmentsp. xiii
Abbreviationsp. xv
Introduction: Birth of a Nation: Race, Empire, and Nationalism during Canada's Railway Agep. 3
Drawing the Line: Race and Canadian Immigration Policyp. 22
Jim Crow Rides This Train: Segregation in the Canadian Workforcep. 61
Fighting the Empire: Race, War, and Mobilizationp. 100
Building an Empire, Uplifting a Race: Race, Uplift, and Transnational Alliancesp. 143
Bonds of Steel: Depression, War, and International Brotherhoodp. 185
Notesp. 219
Sourcesp. 249
Indexp. 269
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780807871669
ISBN-10: 0807871664
Series: The John Hope Franklin Series in African American History and Culture
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 296
Published: 29th November 2010
Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.43
Edition Type: New edition