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Nonviolence and Peace Psychology : Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Societal, and World Peace - Dan Mayton

Nonviolence and Peace Psychology

Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Societal, and World Peace

Hardcover Published: 4th June 2009
ISBN: 9780387893471
Number Of Pages: 292

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Recent trends and events worldwide have increased public interest in nonviolence, pacifism, and peace psychology as well as professional interest across the social sciences. Nonviolence and Peace Psychology assembles multiple perspectives to create a more comprehensive and nuanced understanding of the concepts and phenomena of nonviolence than is usually seen on the subject. Through this diverse literature-spanning psychology, political science, religious studies, anthropology, and sociology-peace psychologist Dan Mayton gives readers the opportunity to view nonviolence as a body of principles, a system of pragmatics, and a strategy for social change. This important volume:

  • Draws critical distinctions between nonviolence, pacifism, and related concepts.
  • Classifies nonviolence in terms of its scope (intrapersonal, interpersonal, societal, global) and pacifism according to political and situational dimensions.
  • Applies standard psychological concepts such as beliefs, motives, dispositions, and values to define nonviolent actions and behaviors.
  • Brings sociohistorical and cross-cultural context to peace psychology.
  • Analyzes a century's worth of nonviolent social action, from the pathbreaking work of Gandhi and King to the Courage to Refuse movement within the Israeli armed forces.
  • Reviews methodological and measurement issues in nonviolence research, and suggests areas for future study.

Although more attention is traditionally devoted to violence and aggression within the social sciences, Nonviolence and Peace Psychology reveals a robust knowledge base and a framework for peacebuilding work, granting peace psychologists, activists, and mediators new possibilities for the transformative power of nonviolence.

Industry Reviews

From the reviews: "Mayton (Lewis-Clark State College) presents the foundations of peace psychology in this release in the 'Peace Psychology Book Series.' ... this accessible book will serve both experienced and inexperienced readers in psychology, sociology, anthropology, political science, and philosophy. ... Each chapter includes an annotated list of relevant recommended reading and Web sites. ... gives specific recommendations for future research. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above." (E. E. Gratz, Choice, Vol. 47 (7), March, 2010) "Mayton has written an impressive and scholarly text that blends theory, historical references, and empirical research to address the nuances of nonviolence from an intrapersonal to cultural and societal level. ... Nonviolence and Peace Psychology is an essential text for individuals across a range of domains from education to clinical practice. ... Each chapter is well organized, carefully researched, inclusive of critical evaluation of the theory and research, and extensively referenced. ... this book will make a valuable addition to anyone's personal or university library." (Linda M. Woolf, PsycCRITIQUES, Vol. 55 (24), June, 2010)

Meaning of Nonviolence and Pacifismp. 1
Prominence of Aggression and Violence Research in Social Sciencesp. 1
Aggressionp. 2
Violencep. 3
Pacifismp. 4
Nonviolencep. 6
Nonviolence as a Philosophyp. 6
Nonviolence as a Behaviorp. 7
Situating Nonviolence Among Related Conceptsp. 7
An Integrated View of Nonviolencep. 8
Recommended Readingsp. 9
Recent History of Nonviolent Responses to Conflictp. 11
Nonviolent Action in the First Half of the Twentieth Centuryp. 12
Nonviolent Action in the Last Half of the Twentieth Centuryp. 16
Nonviolent Action in the Twenty-First Centuryp. 27
Recommended Readingsp. 29
Recommended Films and Videosp. 30
Theories of Nonviolencep. 31
Philosophical Views of Nonviolencep. 32
Holmes' Theory of Nonviolencep. 32
Anthropological Views of Nonviolencep. 34
Patfoort's Conceptual Framework of Nonviolencep. 34
Sociological Views of Nonviolencep. 35
Ritter's Two-Dimensional Theory of Nonviolencep. 36
Psychological Views of Nonviolencep. 39
Blumberg's Utility Model of Nonviolent Mass Demonstrationsp. 39
Hare's Social-Psychological Perspective on Nonviolent Actionp. 40
Kool's Theory of Nonviolencep. 41
Teixeira's Theory of Nonviolencep. 42
Brenes' Model of Peaceful Selfhoodp. 45
Political Views of Nonviolencep. 46
Gandhi's Political Theory of Nonviolencep. 46
Sharp's Political Theory of Nonviolencep. 48
Ackerman and Kruegler's Political Theory of Nonviolencep. 49
Multidisciplinary Views of Nonviolencep. 52
Sharp's Civilian-Based Defensep. 53
Burrowes' Strategic Theory of Nonviolent Defensep. 54
Locating Nonviolence Within Peace Psychologyp. 58
Recommended Readingsp. 58
Intrapersonal Perspectives of Nonviolencep. 61
Intrapersonal Nonviolence from an Individualistic Perspectivep. 62
The Independent Self and Nonviolencep. 62
Personality Characteristics of a "Peaceful Person"p. 63
Values of a "Peaceful Person"p. 68
Intrapersonal Nonviolence from a Collectivisitic Perspectivep. 74
The Interdependent Self and Nonviolencep. 74
Nonviolence from Eastern Religious Perspectivesp. 75
Summations of Intrapersonal Nonviolencep. 83
Recommended Readingsp. 84
Interpersonal Perspectives of Nonviolencep. 87
Nature of Conflictp. 87
Personality and Behavioral Tendencies of Peaceful Persons and Conflict Resolutionp. 89
Agreeablenessp. 89
Forgivenessp. 90
Cooperativenessp. 92
Trustp. 93
Nonviolent Communication Approachesp. 94
Nonviolent Methods of Dealing with Conflict: Specific Conflict Resolution Approachesp. 97
Negotiationp. 97
Mediationp. 103
Conciliationp. 105
Arbitrationp. 105
Adjudicationp. 106
Nonviolent Methods of Dealing with Conflict: Preventative Approachesp. 106
Conflict Resolution Educationp. 107
Violence Prevention Programsp. 111
Nonviolence Educationp. 112
Peace Education Programsp. 113
Concluding Comments on Interpersonal Nonviolencep. 122
Recommended Readingsp. 123
Recommended Websitesp. 124
Cultural and Societal Perspectives of Nonviolencep. 127
Peaceful Societiesp. 127
Nonviolent Activities and Norms in Less Peaceful Culturesp. 130
Cultures of Peacep. 131
Assessing Cultures of Peacep. 134
Major Components of Cultures of Peace: Implications for Theory and Researchp. 136
Implications for Theory and Researchp. 136
Social Justicep. 136
Gender Equality and Empowermentp. 137
Human Rightsp. 139
Nonviolencep. 143
Inclusivenessp. 147
Civil Societyp. 150
Education and Peace Educationp. 156
Sustainabilityp. 158
Conclusionp. 161
Recommended Readingsp. 162
Recommended Web Sitesp. 163
Nonviolent Perspectives Within the Abrahamic Religionsp. 167
Judaismp. 168
Jewish Beliefs and Ritualsp. 168
Jewish Views of Nonviolencep. 171
Notable Jewish Advocates of Nonviolencep. 173
Christianityp. 176
Christian Beliefs and Ritualsp. 176
Christian Views of Nonviolencep. 180
Notable Christian Advocates of Nonviolencep. 182
Martin Luther King Jrp. 183
Dorothy Dayp. 184
Islamp. 185
Islamic Beliefs and Ritualsp. 185
Islamic Views of Nonviolencep. 189
Notable Muslim Advocates of Nonviolencep. 191
Bahá'ìp. 195
Beliefs and Rituals of Bahá'íp. 195
Bahá'í Views of Nonviolencep. 198
Notable Bahá'í Advocates of Nonviolencep. 199
Implications of the Abrahamic Religions for Nonviolence and Peacep. 200
Recommended Readingsp. 201
Recommended Web Sitesp. 203
Situational Influences on Nonviolent Actionp. 205
Situational Dimension of Nonviolent Political Actionp. 206
Channel Factorsp. 206
Terror Management Theoryp. 207
Situational Contexts That Foster Nonviolencep. 210
Construal Dimension of Nonviolent Political Actionp. 211
Tension System Dimension of Nonviolent Political Actionp. 213
Military-Economic-Governmental-News Complexp. 215
Conclusionp. 217
Recommended Readingsp. 218
Measurement Tools for Research on Nonviolence and Related Conceptsp. 219
The Teenage Nonviolence Testp. 220
Reliability of the TNTp. 221
Concurrent Validity of the TNTp. 222
Known Groups Validityp. 224
Psychometrics of TNT with College Studentsp. 225
Overall Assessment of the TNTp. 226
Other Measures of Nonviolencep. 226
Pacifism Scalesp. 227
Nonviolence Testp. 227
Gandhian Personality Scalep. 228
Multidimensional Scales of Nonviolencep. 228
The Nonviolent Relationship Questionnairep. 228
"Self-Assessments" of Nonviolencep. 229
Selected Measures for Assessing the Peaceful Personp. 230
Selected Measures for Assessing Cultures of Peacep. 231
Concluding Commentp. 232
Appendixp. 232
Social and Personal Opinion Surveyp. 232
Teenage Nonviolence Test (TNT): Scoring Keyp. 236
New Directions for Research on Nonviolencep. 239
Nonviolence and Nonviolent Action into the Twenty-First Centuryp. 239
Some Research Questions on Nonviolence and Nonviolent Actionp. 242
Validating Theories of Nonviolencep. 242
Research on the Peaceful Person Across Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Levelsp. 244
Research on Nonviolence and Cultures of Peacep. 245
Religion, Worldviews, and Nonviolence Researchp. 246
Interdisciplinary Research Approaches to Nonviolencep. 247
Nonviolence for the Twenty-First Centuryp. 248
Recommended Readingsp. 249
Recommended Web Sitesp. 250
Referencesp. 253
Name Indexp. 281
Subject Indexp. 289
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780387893471
ISBN-10: 0387893474
Series: Peace Psychology Books
Audience: General
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 292
Published: 4th June 2009
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.61

Earn 408 Qantas Points
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