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Nonimaging Fresnel Lenses : Design and Performance of Solar Concentrators - Ralf Leutz

Nonimaging Fresnel Lenses

Design and Performance of Solar Concentrators

Hardcover

Published: 31st July 2001
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A detailed and comprehensive account of the engineering of the world's first nonimaging Fresnel lens solar concentrator. The book closes a gap in solar concentrator design, and describes nonimaging refractive optics and its numerical mathematics. The book shows the reader how to find his or her own optical solution using the rules and methodologies covering the design and the assessment of the nonimaging lens.

Executive Summaryp. 1
Lenses and Mirrors for Solar Energyp. 3
Photovoltaic or Thermal Concentration?p. 3
Classification of Solar Concentratorsp. 7
Nonimaging Opticsp. 15
Nonimaging Concentrationp. 15
Generalized Ideal Concentrationp. 22
Lagrange Invariantp. 26
Nonimaging Mirrorsp. 28
Fresnel Lens Opticsp. 35
Reflection and Refractionp. 35
Total Internal Reflectionp. 39
Deviationp. 41
Refractive Indicesp. 44
Minimum Dispersionp. 50
Earlier Fresnel Lensesp. 53
History of Fresnel Lensesp. 53
Recent Developmentsp. 58
Simple Fresnel Lensesp. 66
Domed or Arched Fresnel Lensesp. 72
Nonimaging Fresnel Lens Designp. 77
Applied Nonimaging Lens Designp. 77
The Optimum Linear Lensp. 79
Rotational Symmetryp. 92
Arbitrary Shapesp. 93
Diverger Lens for Lightingp. 97
Lens Evaluationp. 101
Lossesp. 101
Transmittancep. 104
Geometrical Lossesp. 106
Concentration Ratiosp. 113
Nonideal Concentrationp. 119
Optimization of Stationary Concentratorsp. 127
Choice of Stationary Collectorp. 127
Solar Radiation Modelp. 129
Radiation on a Tilted Planep. 136
Acceptance by a Solar Concentratorp. 139
Compound Parabolic Concentratorsp. 142
Quasi-3D Concentratorsp. 149
Prototype Design, Manufacturing, and Testingp. 155
Prototypes of Choicep. 155
Prism Sizep. 159
Lens Redesignp. 161
Lens Manufacturingp. 166
Samplep. 170
Preliminary Testsp. 171
Partial Absorber Illuminationp. 173
Trackingp. 175
Concentrated Sunlight and Photovoltaic Conversionp. 179
Flux Densityp. 179
Solar Disk Size and Brightnessp. 185
Spectral Color Dispersionp. 187
Concentrator Cellsp. 192
Multijunction Devicesp. 195
Photovoltaic System Performancep. 208
Concentration and Costp. 211
Solar Thermal Concentrator Systemsp. 217
Solar Resourcesp. 217
Solar Sorption Air Conditioningp. 222
Energy and Exergyp. 229
Exergy of a Concentrating Collectorp. 236
Solar Concentration in Spacep. 245
Space Concentrator Arraysp. 245
Design Challenges in Spacep. 251
Lenses and Mirrors!p. 255
Referencesp. 257
Indexp. 269
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540418412
ISBN-10: 3540418415
Series: Springer Series in Optical Sciences
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 274
Published: 31st July 2001
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.59