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Non-Aqueous Solvents : Oxford Chemistry Primers - John R. Chipperfield

Non-Aqueous Solvents

Oxford Chemistry Primers

Paperback Published: 1st August 1999
ISBN: 9780198502593
Number Of Pages: 94

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Solvents other than water are used in chemical analysis, chemical manufacturing, and in specialized syntheses. This book covers the principles and uses of non-aqueous solvents at a level suitable for first or second-year undergraduates. The book first discusses the general properties of solvents, and introduces the necessary concepts for making rational choices of solvents for different applications. There is a discussion of the various chemical interactions between solvents and the substances dissolved in them, and how solvents change the course of reactions. The chemistry of 16 common solvents is discussed, emphasizing the advantages and disadvantages of each. The book concludes with an account of the chemistry of molten salts and discusses the use of low melting temperature compounds as synthetic media. The book expands on the brief treatment of non-aqueous solvents given in many textbooks while avoiding the complexities introduced in research treatises. It is the only book currently available that provides an in-depth treatment accessible to undergraduates.

Chapter 1: General properties 1.1: Introduction 1.2: Polarity, Polarization, and Polarizability 1.3: Assessment of solvent polarity 1.4: Polarity assessment from physical properties 1.5: Polarity assessment from chemical properties 1.6: Correlation of Solute properties with solvent 1.7: Classification of molecular solvents 1.8: Problems Chapter 2: Chemistry in non-aqueous solvents Introduction 2.1: Acid-base reactions 2.2: Redox reactions 2.3: Solvation, solvolysis, solubility, and solvates 2.4: Problems Chapter 3: Some molecular solvents 3.1: Acetic acid 3.2: Acetonitrile 3.3: Ammonia metals in liquid ammonia; reactions of ammoniated electrons; electrides and alkalides; acid-base reactions in liquid ammonia 3.4: Bromine trifluoride 3.5: N, N'-Dimethylformamide 3.6: Dimethyl sulfoxide 3.7: Dinitrogen tetroxide 3.8: Ethanol 3.9: Ethylenediamine 3.10: Hexamethyphosphoramide 3.11: Hydrogen fluoride 3.12: Sulfur dioxide 3.13: Sulfuric acid 3.14: Superacides 3.15: Tetrahydrofuran 3.16: Supercritical fluids 3.17: Problems Chapter 4: Molten framework solids 4.1: Molten salts and oxides 4.2: Molten halides 4.3: Metals in molten salts 4.4: Low melting salts 4.5: Group 1 metal nitrate melts 4.6: Hydroxide melts as solvents 4.7: Oxides as solvents Glossary Table of molecular solvents Bibliography Answers to problems

ISBN: 9780198502593
ISBN-10: 0198502591
Series: Oxford Chemistry Primers
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 94
Published: 1st August 1999
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 24.5 x 18.8  x 0.6
Weight (kg): 0.21

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