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Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems : Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Railway Noise, Munich, Germany, 4 - 8 September 2007 - Burkhard Schulte-Werning

Noise and Vibration Mitigation for Rail Transportation Systems

Proceedings of the 9th International Workshop on Railway Noise, Munich, Germany, 4 - 8 September 2007

By: Burkhard Schulte-Werning (Editor), David Thompson (Editor), Pierre-Etienne Gautier (Editor), Carl Hanson (Editor), Brian Hemsworth (Editor)

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Published: 1st August 2008
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This book contains the presentations given during the 9th International Workshop on Railway Noise (IWRN9) which took place in Munich/Feldafing, Germany, on 4th to 8th September 2007. This workshop was organised by the Acoustics and Vibration Department of DB Systemtechnik, the technical engineering office of Deutsche Bahn AG. More than 120 participants from 17 countries followed the invitation to the wo- shop. This great response showed the continuing interest in an important topic of railway technology and offered the opportunity to present the recent results of intense worldwide activities to the international community of railway noise and vibration experts and to share knowledge as well as experience. Because an efficient transportation network is indispensable to handle the general mobility increase and road networks have reached their socio-ecological limits, the railway network is to be strengthened. For example the European Commission has given distinct political signals to get more passengers onto the railways. This policy represents a clear challenge for the next few decades not only for European railway companies: the considerable increase in mobility will lead to a doubling of the railway traffic volume within the next 10 to 20 years. To reduce the environmental impact, the Directive on the Assessment and M- agement of Environmental Noise has been put into force in Europe, aiming at avo- ing, preventing or reducing harmful effects of environmental noise on human health.

From the reviews:

"This book is a collection of 64 papers that were presented at the 9th International Workshop on Railway Noise (IWRN). ... This book is a valuable reference for anyone involved in noise and vibration studies for rail systems. ... As a summary, this volume is a book worth having as a good overview of rail noise and vibration problems worldwide. Recommended." (Hugh Saurenman, Noise Control Engineering Journal, Vol. 57 (1), 2009)

High Speed Trains (I)
Environmental Noise Reduction of Tokaido Shinkansen and Future Prospectp. 1
Distortion of Compression Wave Propagating through Shinkansen Tunnelp. 9
The Influence of the Train Speed on Vibrations Due to High Speed Trainsp. 19
High Speed Train Noise Effects on Wildlife and Domestic Livestockp. 26
Wind Tunnel Tests on the Control of Aeroacoustic Noise from High Speed Trainp. 33
High Speed Trains (II)
Measures to Counteract Micro-pressure Waves Radiating from Tunnel Exits of DB's New Nuremberg-Ingolstadt High-Speed Linep. 40
Acoustic Assessment of Micro-pressure Waves Radiating from Tunnel Exits of DB High-Speed Linesp. 48
High Speed Railway Noise: Assessment of Mitigation Measuresp. 56
Noise Measurement Results of Shinkansen High-Speed Test Train (FASTECH360S,Z)p. 63
Noise Sources for High Speed Trains: A Review of Results in the TGV Casep. 71
Ground Borne Vibrations (I)
Survey of Metro Excitation Frequencies and Coincidence of Different Modesp. 78
Floating Slab Track above Ground for Turnouts in Tram Linesp. 86
Vehicle/Track Impact Due to Passing the Transition between a Floating Slab and Ballasted Trackp. 94
Recent Developments in Operational Rail Noise and Vibration in NSW, Australiap. 101
Experimental Validation of a Numerical Model for Subway Induced Vibrationsp. 108
A Numerical Model for Re-radiated Noise in Buildings from Underground Railwaysp. 115
Ground Borne Vibrations (II)
The Influence of the Soil on Track Dynamics and Ground-Borne Vibrationp. 122
A User-Friendly Prediction Tool for Railway Induced Ground Vibrations: Emission - Transmission - Immissionp. 129
Using the PiP Model for Fast Calculation of Vibration from a Railway Tunnel in a Multi-layered Half-Spacep. 136
Structure-Borne Noise and Vibration Control for Chatswood Interchangep. 143
Measurements and Investigations at the Floating-Track-Bed System in the North-South Tunnel in Berlinp. 150
Propagation of Vibrations Due to a Tramway Linep. 158
General Rolling Noise Aspects (I)
Railway Noise Statistics by Monitoring Stations - Input for Dutch Prediction Method RMR and Track Access Chargingp. 165
Measurement and Modelling of Noise from the Arsta Bridge in Stockholmp. 172
Minimising Noise from Viaducts in the Borough Area of London for the Thameslink Programmep. 179
The New German Prediction Model for Railway Noise "Schall 03 2006" - Potentials of the New Calculation Method for Noise Mitigation of Planned Rail Trafficp. 186
Floating Slab Track Re-engineering: Experience Drawn from a Completely Renovated FST Damaged by Major Flooding in Sao Paulo Metrop. 193
General Rolling Noise Aspects (II)
In-Car Noise and Carriage Floor Vibration on Different Track Forms and Curvatures in a Metro Systemp. 201
Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of Railway Bridge Noise Reduction Using Resilient Rail Fasteners in Burgdorf, Switzerlandp. 208
Comparison of Two Metrics for Assessing Human Response to Vibrationp. 215
A Study on Source Mechanism in the Interior Noise Problem of High Speed Trainsp. 222
Reducing the Noise Emission by Increasing the Damping of the Rail: Results of a Field Testp. 229
Cost Benefit Considerations of Noise Abatement
Railway Noise Abatement: The Case for Retrofitting Freight Vehicles with Composite Brake Blocksp. 236
A Systematic Approach for Arriving at Reasonable Heights and Locations for Noise Barriers Adjacent to Railway Linesp. 243
How Can Infrastructure Manager Influence Noise Generation of Rolling Stockp. 250
Acoustic Effectiveness of Damped Wheels and Impact on Life-Cycle Cost of Different Typologies of Passenger Trainsp. 257
Mitigation Measures for Open Lines against Vibration and Ground-Borne Noise: A Swiss Overviewp. 264
Prediction Tools and Theoretical Models (I)
Preliminary Analysis on Effect of Sleeper Pitch on Rail Corrugation at a Curved Trackp. 271
A Hybrid Model for Noise Generation from a Railway Wheel Due to Wheel/Rail Impactp. 278
A Time Domain Model for Wheel/Rail Interaction Aiming to Include Non-linear Contact Stiffness and Tangential Frictionp. 285
Optimization of Track Parameters, Considering Their Physical Dispersion, to Minimize Rail Corrugationp. 292
Predicting the Effect of Temperature on the Performance of Elastomer-Based Rail Damping Devicesp. 299
Estimation of Sound Transmission through Extruded Panels Using a Coupled Waveguide Finite Element-Boundary Element Methodp. 306
Prediction Tools and Theoretical Models (II)
Squeal Prediction for a Bogied Vehicle in a Curvep. 313
Synthesis of Noise of Operating Vehicles: Development within SILENCE of a Tool with Listening Featuresp. 320
IMAGINE Rail Noise Sources - A Practical Methodologyp. 327
Optimization of a Wheel Damper for Freight Wagons Using FEM Simulationp. 334
Grinding, Corrugation and Roughness (I)
Types of Rail Roughness and the Selection of Vibration Isolation Measuresp. 341
Rail Roughness Monitoring in the Netherlandsp. 348
Rail Roughness Level Assessment Based on High-Frequency Wheel-Rail Contact Force Measurementsp. 355
Grinding, Corrugation and Roughness (II)
Testing the New Acoustic Rail Roughness Measurement Standardp. 363
Practical Implementations and Benefits of Highly Accurate Rail Roughness Measurementsp. 370
New Noise Reduction Technologies (I)
New Rail Dampers at the Railway Link Roosendaal-Vlissingen Tested within the Dutch Innovation Programp. 378
Theoretical Study on Noise Reduction of Rail Component by Use of Rail Absorberp. 384
Reducing Wheel-Rail Interaction Forces and Roughness Growth by Application of Rail Dampersp. 392
New Noise Reduction Technologies (II)
Mitigation of Wheel Squeal and Flanging Noise on the Australian Rail Networkp. 399
How to Avoid Squeal Noise on Railways State of the Art and Practical Experiencep. 406
Noise Reduction Measures at Freight Train Locomotives "Blue Tiger"p. 412
Noise Reduction at Urban Hot-Spots by Vehicle Noise Controlp. 419
Poster Session
Directivity of Railway Rolling Noisep. 426
Complex Eigenvalue Analysis of Railway Curve Squealp. 433
Wave Propagation in Railway Tracks at High Frequenciesp. 440
Stability and Transient Analysis in the Modelling of Railway Disc Brake Squealp. 447
Large-Scale Fatigue Test of Stone Wool Based Anti-vibration Matsp. 454
Author Indexp. 461
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9783540748922
ISBN-10: 354074892X
Series: Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 464
Published: 1st August 2008
Publisher: Springer-Verlag Berlin and Heidelberg Gmbh & Co. Kg
Country of Publication: DE
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.88