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Nietzsche, Godfather of Fascism? : On the Uses and Abuses of a Philosophy - Jacob Golomb

Nietzsche, Godfather of Fascism?

On the Uses and Abuses of a Philosophy

By: Jacob Golomb (Editor), Robert S. Wistrich (Editor)

Paperback Published: 1st September 2002
ISBN: 9780691007106
Number Of Pages: 360

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"Nietzsche, the Godfather of Fascism?" What can Nietzsche have in common with this murderous ideology? Frequently described as the "radical aristocrat" of the spirit, Nietzsche abhorred mass culture and strove to cultivate an Ubermensch endowed with exceptional mental qualities. What can such a thinker have in common with the fascistic manipulation of the masses for chauvinistic goals that crushed the autonomy of the individual?

The question that lies at the heart of this collection is how Nietzsche came to acquire the deadly "honor" of being considered the philosopher of the Third Reich and whether such claims had any justification. Does it make any sense to hold him in some way responsible for the horrors of Auschwitz?

The editors present a range of views that attempt to do justice to the ambiguity and richness of Nietzsche's thought. First-rate contributions by a variety of distinguished philosophers and historians explore in depth Nietzsche's attitudes toward Jews, Judaism, Christianity, anti-Semitism, and National Socialism. They interrogate Nietzsche's writings for fascist and anti-Semitic proclivities and consider how they were read by fascists who claimed Nietzsche as their intellectual godfather.

There is much that is disturbingly antiegalitarian and antidemocratic in Nietzsche, and his writings on Jews are open to differing interpretations. Yet his emphasis on individualism and contempt for German nationalism and anti-Semitism put him at stark odds with Nazi ideology.

The Nietzsche that emerges here is a tragic prophet of the spiritual vacuum that produced the twentieth century's totalitarian movements, the thinker who best diagnosed the pathologies of fin-de-siecle European culture. Nietzsche dared to look into the abyss of modern nihilism. This book tells us what he found.

The contributors are Menahem Brinker, Daniel W. Conway, Stanley Corngold, Kurt Rudolf Fischer, Jacob Golomb, Robert C. Holub, Berel Lang, Wolfgang Muller-Lauter, Alexander Nehamas, David Ohana, Roderick Stackelberg, Mario Sznajder, Geoffrey Waite, Robert S. Wistrich, and Yirmiyahu Yovel.

Industry Reviews

"A serious and rewarding look at Nietzsche the thinker."--Adam Kirsch, New York Sun "An excellent new collection of essays."--Jonathan Ree, Times Literary Supplement "A superb set of essays covering all aspects of Nietzschean thought."--Michael Milston, The Jewish Quarterly

Acknowledgmentsp. IX
A Note on Sources and List of Abbreviationsp. XI
Contributorsp. XIII
Introductionp. 1
In Theory
How to De-Nazify Nietzsche's Philosophical Anthropology?p. 19
Misinterpretation as the Author's Responsibility (Nietzsche's fascism, for instance)p. 47
Experiences with Nietzschep. 66
Nietzsche and "Hitler"p. 90
Nietzsche and the Jewsp. 107
Nietzsche contra Wagner on the Jewsp. 126
Between the Cross and the Swastika: A Nietzschean Perspectivep. 144
In Practice
Ecce Caesar: Nietzsche's Imperial Aspirationsp. 173
A Question of Responsibility: Nietzsche with Holderlin at War, 1914-1946p. 196
The Elisabeth Legend: The Cleansing of Nietzsche and the Sullying of His Sisterp. 215
Nietzsche, Mussolini, and Italian Fascismp. 235
Nietzsche and the Fascist Dimension: The Case of Ernst Jungerp. 263
A Godfather Too: Nazism as a Nietzschean "Experiment"p. 291
Critique as Apologetics: Nolte's Interpretation of Nietzschep. 301
Works of Nietzsche Citedp. 321
Select Bibliographyp. 323
Indexp. 333
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691007106
ISBN-10: 0691007101
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 360
Published: 1st September 2002
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.5