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News reporting and dissemination is no longer a once-a-day occurrence but an instant connection to the audience.News As It Happens reflects this change, offering practical guidelines for working as a journalist in an age of rapidly evolving media technologies. It provides students with a strong foundation that can be used across the breadth of their studies and helps them aquire specific skills required in working across all media platforms. The third edition has been thoroughly updated with contemporary examples and latest data, and is rich with activities and tips to help new journalists adapt and thrive. Key features‘News practice points’ at the end of each chapter encourage readers to reflect on issues and develop their practical journalistic skills‘Practitioner profiles’ from some of our most respected journalists, including Leigh Sales, Virginia Trioli and Nick McKenzie, offer perspectives on today’s journalismMargin notes, a glossary of journalism and online terms, and recommended reading suggestions are included to support and further learningNew to this editionNew chapter on ‘Dealing with Spin and Difficult Situations’Updated content, data and examples throughout, including topical discussion of wellness blogger Belle Gibson, the 2015 Nepal earthquake and metadata retention lawsAdditional practitioner profiles including Emma Field (The Weekly Times), Amelia Brace (Channel 7), Mark Willacy (ABC) and Amy Remeikis (Fairfax Digital)
PART 1: THE HISTORY AND THEORY OF JOURNALISM 1. The History of JournalismJournalism, history and democracy go hand in handJournalists and historians seek truthNewspapers come and goNo guarantee of free speech in AustraliaNew technologies fuel advances in journalism2. The Methodology of JournalismSeeking truth and reporting itDifferences between reactive and proactive journalismJournalism, history and lawThe methodology of journalism definedPART 2: WHAT IS NEWS?3. News ValuesDefinitions of newsEight functions of journalismThe ‘big six’ news valuesValues often meld into each otherKipling’s ‘six honest serving men’The inverted pyramidReactive and proactive newsJournalists must distinguish between news, comment and opinionSmoke, mirrors and frightened rabbitsThieves and copycats4. Journalism EthicsSociety needs news but is ambivalentabout journalistsPragmatic reasons to be ethicalRogue journalists threaten media freedomCodes of ethics and codes of practiceMEAA Journalists’ Code of EthicsIndustry codesChequebook journalismJournalistic integrity5. The Newsroom and Tips for Finding StoriesThe chain of commandNewsroom presentation and etiquetteTips for finding stories6. Dealing with Spin and Difficult SituationsSpinning webs of intrigueBe extra careful if covering protests and riotsReporting on death and tragedyAcknowledge your own feelingsMaking mistakes7. Journalism ResearchEnsure basic details are correctTraditional approaches to researchHow not to conduct researchBeware of online and social media trapsComputer- assisted researchBe sure to verify online informationNewspaper archivesSearching the webGovernment websitesGovernment and corporate informationBe careful of social networking sites and blogsEmail and text messagingThe magic of crunching your own numbersPART 3: NEWS WRITING8. InterviewingIt is your job to convince people to talkBreaking the ice as a studentThe importance of background researchPreparing for arranged interviewsStart with the basicsBeware of liars, fantasists and clownsTelephone and online interviewsEmail interviews and SMS discussionsCategories of interview questionsWhere to conduct interviewsThe art of good listeningSecrets of a pregnant pauseClosing an interviewBe careful of commitments to sources9. Writing News for PrintBuild your relationship with wordsJournalistic writing styleCommon mistakesSentences and paragraphsIntroducing and quoting sourcesPrepare to start writing the storyThe inverted pyramid and effective introsDifferent news writing models10. Writing Broadcast NewsChallenges of a changing media landscapeThe critical importance of voiceWriting radio newsRadio news styleTelevision newsWriting television newsTelevision news style11. Writing News for Online and Portable DevicesQuality the key to online successWriting news for online and mobile devicesThe inverted pyramid an ideal modelGeographic pointers are essentialCultural, ethnic and language differencesThe inverted pyramid: online versionOnline headings and introsHyperlinks should add value and interestOnline mistakesPART 4: OTHER FORMS OF JOURNALISM12. Feature WritingFeature writing and news valuesPersonal traits of effective feature writersDifferent categories of featuresResearching for featuresWriting featuresFeature introductions and introsStructuring a feature13. Investigative JournalismClassic examples of investigative storiesLeaders in the fieldSetting agendas over timeHow to investigate‘Freedom’ of access to government records (FoI)Issues that work against investigationsQualities of investigative journalists14. PhotojournalismA brief history of news photographyDigital photojournalismThree types of news photoThe mechanics of creating good photosWorking with photographersCaption writingPART 5: JOURNALISM LAW15. How We Are GovernedThe Commonwealth ConstitutionAustralia’s three tiers of governmentHow legislation is madeVoting in a parliamentWho’s who in a parliament?Parliamentary privilegeThe separation of powersTwo sources of lawThe court hierarchyJournalists and the fourth estate16. DefamationDefamation definedLibel and slanderDefamation is a tortWho can sue?Time limits and penaltiesStress and chilling effectsState of mind is irrelevantOnline defamationDefamation defencesCriminal defamationHow to minimise defamation risks17. ContemptContempt of courtContempt in the face of a courtScandalising a courtSub judice contemptRestrictions on court reportingContempt of parliamentContempt of commissions, inquiries and other related offencesSpent convictions18. Other Legal PerilsTrespass and nuisanceBreach of confidenceHidden cameras and voice recordersPrivacyStalkingBlasphemyObscenityCensorshipData retentionDiscrimination and vilificationSeditionIntellectual property, copyright and plagiarismPART 6: NEWS ROUNDS19. Courts, Crime, Councils and SportsWorking your way into a new roundKeep your round in perspectiveTread carefully with sources and think outside the squareCourt reportingCrime reportingCouncil reportingSport reportingEpilogueAppendix 1: Media Entertainment and Arts Alliance Journalists’ Code of EthicsAppendix 2: Australian Press Council General Statement of PrinciplesAppendix 3: Links to Industry Codes of Practice and Complaints-handling OrganisationsGlossary of journalism termsGlossary of online termsRecommended reading
ISBN: 9780190303747 ISBN-10: 0190303743 Audience:
Tertiary; University or College
Number Of Pages: 528 Published: 7th September 2016 Publisher: Oxford University Press Australia Country of Publication: AU Dimensions (cm): 24.8 x 20.7
Weight (kg): 0.74
Edition Number: 3 Edition Type: Revised