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New Horizons in Biotechnology - S. Roussos

New Horizons in Biotechnology

By: S. Roussos (Editor), C. R. Soccol (Editor), A. Pandey (Editor), C. Augur (Editor)

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Published: 31st December 2003
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The practice of biotechnology, though different in style, scale and substance in globalizing science for development involves all countries. Investment in biotechnology in the industrialised, the developing, and the least developed countries, is now amongst the widely accepted avenues being used for economie development. The simple utilization of kefir technology, the detoxification of injurious chemical pesticides e.g. parathion, the genetic tailoring of new crops, and the production of a first of a kind of biopharmaceuticals illustrate the global scope and content of biotechnology research endeavour and effort. In the developing and least developed nations, and in which the 9 most populous countries· are encountered, problems concerning management of the environment, food security, conservation of human health resources and capacity­ building are important factors that influence the path to sustainable development. Long-term use of biotechnology in the agricultural, food, energy and health sectors is expected to yield a windfall of economic, environmental and social benefits. Already the prototypes of new medicines and of prescription fruit vaccines are available. Gene­ based agriculture and medieine is increasingly being adopted and accepted. Emerging trends and practices are reflected in the designing of more efficient bioprocesses, and in new research in enzyme and fermentation technology, in the bioconversion of agro­ industrial residues into bio-utility products, in animal healthcare, and in the bioremediation and medical biotechnologies. Indeed, with each new day, new horizons in biotechnology beckon.

Organizing Institutionsp. ix
Organizing Committeep. x
Forewordp. xi
Prefacep. xiii
List of contributorsp. xv
Industrial Biotechnology
Industrial production of enzymes for the feed industryp. 1
Biochemical engineering of solid-state fermentationp. 17
Phytase production under solid-state fermentationp. 27
Valorization of moroccan olive cake using solid-state fermentationp. 35
Growth kinetics and esterase/lipase production by thermophilic fungi grown in solid-state fermentation on olive cakep. 43
Growth of Trichoderma reesei on static and dynamic solid substrate fermentation under electromagnetic fieldsp. 57
Production of enzyme and protein hydrolysate from fish processing wastep. 63
New potentialities of uses of coffee industry residues in Brazilp. 73
Screening of edible mushrooms for polyphenol degradation and tannase production from coffee pulp and coffee huskp. 89
Biocatalysis in non-conventional media by entrapment of the enzyme in water-restricted microenvironmentp. 97
Organic solvent resistant lipase produced by thermoresistant bacteriap. 113
Prebleaching of kraft pulps with xylanase enzyme for paper manufacturep. 123
Titration biosensors for biotechnological process controlp. 133
Enhanced loading and stability of urease covalently attached to polypyrrole microspheres for application to urea biosensorp. 153
True and apparent yields and maintenance coefficient and their significance on fermentation kineticsp. 163
Bioprocessing engineering considerations in the production of secondary metabolites by plant cell suspension culturesp. 173
Genetic manipulation of filamentous fungip. 193
Molecular biology and biochemistry of lipoxygenases and related pathwaysp. 199
Environmental Biotechnology
Bioremediation and biobeneficiation of metalsp. 215
Developments in enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR)p. 221
Role of membrane bioreactors in environmental engineering applicationsp. 231
Application of bio-hydrolizer for the treatment of urea bearing wastewaterp. 241
Biosorption and elution of Cr(VI): A detoxification strategyp. 251
Detoxification of pollutants from municipal wastewater using organic soil as a biofilterp. 267
Biochemical removal of nitrogen from industrial effluents: A full scale plant performance and stabilityp. 271
Kinetics of dissolution of the carbonate minerals of phosphate ores by dilute acetic acid solutions in the presence of carbonic anhydrase II from bovine erythrocytesp. 285
Food Biotechnology & Health Care
New trends in kefir yeast technologyp. 297
Formation of kefir granules and their efficiency in whey fermentationp. 311
Isolation and identification of lactic acid bacteria from mature coffee cherries: potential application in coffee husk ensilingp. 321
Lactic acid fermented products as vehicles for probioticsp. 335
Development of a new beverage with probiotic activityp. 353
Genetic engineering of fatty acid composition of Indian mustard oilp. 365
Pleurotus ostreatus volatile aroma compounds identified from fruit-body and from mycelium grown in submerged and solid-state culturesp. 371
Standardization of ELISA (Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay) and indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) techniques for canine cutaneous Leishmaniasisp. 379
Leishmania species in two regions of Parana, Brazil: Biochemical characterization by isoenzyme electrophoresisp. 387
Agricultural Biotechnology
Inoculants for silage in subtropical climatep. 397
Production of a biocompost by solid-state fermentation against coffee nematodesp. 403
Cadmium and nicotine correlation in reference to tobacco plant varieties and to sludge/soil applied ratiosp. 413
Applicability of fly ash is sound for rhizosphere, biomass yield, enhanced banana productivity and sustainable eco-systemp. 423
Impacts on vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi diversity associated with degradation of soils in humid tropical forestsp. 437
Authors indexp. 445
Subject Indexp. 447
Table of Contents provided by Rittenhouse. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402017186
ISBN-10: 1402017189
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 450
Published: 31st December 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 29.7 x 21.0  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.84