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New Developments on Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics : Fundamental Theories of Physics - Miguel Ferrero

New Developments on Fundamental Problems in Quantum Physics

Fundamental Theories of Physics

By: Miguel Ferrero (Editor), Alwyn van der Merwe (Editor)


Published: 31st October 1997
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Quantum theory is one of the most fascinating and successful constructs in the intellectual history of mankind. Nonetheless, the theory has very shaky philosophical foundations.
This book contains thoughtful discussions by eminent researchers of a spate of experimental techniques newly developed to test some of the stranger predictions of quantum physics. The advances considered include recent experiments in quantum optics, electron and ion interferometry, photon down conversion in nonlinear crystals, single trapped ions interacting with laser beams, atom-field coupling in micromaser cavities, quantum computation, quantum cryptography, decoherence and macroscopic quantum effects, the quantum state diffusion model, quantum gravity, the quantum mechanics of cosmology and quantum non-locality along with the continuing debate surrounding the interpretation of quantum mechanics.
Audience: The book is intended for physicists, philosophers of science, mathematicians, graduate students and those interested in the foundations of quantum theory.

The Hidden-Measurement Formalism: Quantum Mechanics as a Consequence of Fluctuations on the Measurementp. 1
A Model with Varying Fluctuations in the Measurement Contextp. 7
Short-Time Behavior and Zero Effect in Relativistic Quantum Field Theoryp. 11
A Minimal Local Extension of the Quantum Formalismp. 17
Chaos and Decoherence in a Quantum System with a Regular Classical Counterpartp. 31
Quantum Computationp. 39
Superdiffusive Behavior in Weakly Chaotic Systems: A New Avenue to Quantum Macroscopic Manifestationsp. 55
A Proof with 18 Vectors of the Bell-Kochen-Specker Theoremp. 59
Temporal Bell Inequalities and the Uncertainty Principlep. 63
Parametric Down-Conversion Experiments in the Wigner Representationp. 71
Negative Entropy in Quantum Information Theoryp. 77
Stochastic Approach to the Tunnel Effectp. 85
Classical Physical Entities with a Quantum Descriptionp. 103
Dynamical Effects Generated by the Current Fluctuations in a Long Solenoidp. 109
Coherent States and the Measurement Problemp. 115
Contextualism, Locality, and the No-Go Theoremsp. 125
A State-Specific Proof of the Bell-Kochen-Specker Theorem Using Only 5 Propositionsp. 133
Properties of a Causal Quantum Theory in Phase Spacep. 137
From Quantum to Classical: the Quantum State Diffusion Modelp. 141
Quantum Physics and the Problem of the Ontological Priority Between Continuous Quantity and Discrete Quantityp. 151
Localized and Delocalized States in Pyramidal Moleculesp. 159
A Bigger Contradiction Between Quantum Theory and Locality for Two Particles without Inequalitiesp. 163
Irreversible Quantum Evolution for Unstable Systems in Lax-Phillips Scattering Theoryp. 171
Dichotomic Functions and Bell's Theoremsp. 185
Production and Uses of Hyper-Entangled Statesp. 189
From Newton to Schrodinger and Beyondp. 203
Quenching of Spontaneous Emission via Quantum Interference: Time Evolutionp. 207
Quantum Mechanics on Discrete Space and Timep. 213
Symplectic Tomography of Schrodinger Cat States of a Trapped Ionp. 225
Magical Photon or Real Zeropoint?p. 231
Linear and Nonlinear Optical Response of a Dilute Bose Gas in the Condensation Regimep. 247
Quantum Measurement and Practice in Nuclear Physicsp. 255
Quantum Predictions without Nonlocal Projectionsp. 259
The Emergence of Statistical Laws in Quantum Mechanicsp. 265
Consistent Histories: A Critiquep. 275
Immaterial Interpretation of Quantum Theory in the Context of Quantum Cosmologyp. 285
Atom Interferometry for Quantum Gravity?p. 291
Quantum Nonlocality and Inseparabilityp. 301
Decoherence Limits to Quantum Factoringp. 311
Quantum Engineering with Trapped Ionsp. 317
Many-Valued Interpretation of the Logic of Quantum Mechanicsp. 325
No Point Particles, Definitely no Wavesp. 329
Interference and Violation of Bell's Inequalities Using Separate Sourcesp. 335
Bell's Inequality for a Particlep. 347
Quantum Gravity Corrections for the Initial State of Gravitonsp. 355
Quantum Privacy Amplification: A Secure Method for Cryptographyp. 361
The Program of Local Hidden Variablesp. 369
Noninvariant Velocity of Light and Locally Equivalent Reference Framesp. 381
Quantum Interferometry, Measurement and Objectivity: Some Basic Features Revisitedp. 395
Effect of QED Fluctuations on the Dynamics of the Macroscopic Phasep. 403
What When Gleason's Theorem Fails?p. 415
Quantum Decoherence Induced by Gravitational Fluctuations in the Measurement Apparatusp. 421
Schrodinger Cat States in Quantum Opticsp. 425
An Experimental Realization of Bohm's Spin-1/2 Particle EPR Gedanken Experimentp. 431
What is Achieved by Decoherence?p. 441
Author Indexp. 453
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792343745
ISBN-10: 0792343743
Series: Fundamental Theories of Physics
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 458
Published: 31st October 1997
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 1.85