The theory of simple and complex fluids has made considerable recent progress due to the emergence of new concepts and theoretical tools, the availability of a large body of new experimental data on increasingly complex systems, and far-reaching developments in numerical simulation. Two clear trends emerge from the present book: first, the diversity of new and unexpected theoretical results relating to classical models of liquids; and secondly, the parallel emergence of new concepts, models and methods for the investigation of complex fluids and phenomena. The book lays stress on a tutorial presentation of the main topics, including liquid structure, metastability and phase transitions, confined fluids and interfaces, complex fluids and quantum fluids. Audience: Physicists, physical chemists, materials scientists and engineers who require an up-to-date account of recent progress in a rapidly growing, interdisciplinary area. Graduate students who need and introduction to the novel concepts and methods in the field.
Foreword. Charged and polar liquids, phase transitions and metastability. Understanding criticality: Simple fluids and ionic fluids; M.E. Fisher. Equation of state and critical behavior of simple fluid models; J.S. Hoye. Phase separation and critical phenomena in simple fluids and in binary mixtures; L. Reatto. Critical behaviour of the restricted primitive model (RMP); D. Levesque. Phase diagram of dipolar hard-core molecule systems; D. Levesque. New results on some ionic-fluid problems; G. Stell. Fluids with internal degrees of freedom; F. Lado. Replica and glasses; G. Parisi. Nematic to smectic: A 'hard' transition; Y. Martinez-Raton, et al. Interfaces and confined fluids. Fluids in model pores or cavities: The influence of confinement on structure and phase behaviour. I. DFT for small systems: hard spheres in a spherical cavity; R. Evans. Fluids in model pores or cavities: The influence of confinement on structure and phase behaviour. II. Freezing and condensation transitions of confined fluids; R. Evans. Bulk and surface properties of dipolar fluids; B. Groh, S. Dietrich. Fluids in contract with structured substrates; S. Dietrich. Liquid state methods for disordered systems; M.L. Rosinberg. Inhomogeneous fluids in an external field; F. Lado, E. Lomba. Free energy density function from 0D cavities; P. Tarazona, Y. Rosenfeld. Geometrically based free energy functional for confined hard spheres and the density functional theory for simple classical systems; Y. Rosenfeld. Charge-stabilized colloids confined to a slit: A case for attraction between like charged particles; D. Goulding, J.-P. Hansen. Wetting phase transitions and petroleum reservoirs; J.O. Indekeu, et al. Complex fluids. Atomistic computer simulation studies of surfactant systems; S. Bandyopadhyay, et al. On effective interactions in colloidal physics; T. Biben. Theory and simulations of polymers at surfaces; A. Yethiraj. Static structure and chain conformations in polyelectrolyte solutions; A. Yethiraj. Theories of hydrophobic effects and the description of free volume in complex liquids; L.R. Pratt, et al. Theoretical and simulation study of model protein solutions; C. Caccamo, et al. Quantum fluids. Ab initio liquids: Simulating liquids based on first principles; D. Marx. Progress in the theory of inhomogeneous 4He; L. Reatto. Tight-binding lattice-gas model: Alkali fluids; M. Reinaldo-Falagan, et al. Current-density functional theory of time-dependent linear response in quantal fluids: Recent progress; M.P. Tosi, et al. Subject Index. List of participants.
Series: NATO Science Series C:
Number Of Pages: 521
Published: 31st March 1999
Publisher: SPRINGER VERLAG GMBH
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6
Weight (kg): 0.75