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Neutrino Astrophysics - John N. Bahcall

Neutrino Astrophysics

Paperback Published: 11th December 1989
ISBN: 9780521379755
Number Of Pages: 592

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This authoritative text provides a lively, thought-provoking and informative summary of neutrino astrophysics. Neutrino astronomy is being revolutionized by the availability of new observational facilities. Theoretical work in astrophysics and in particle physics in increasing rapidly. The subject of solar neutrinos has many seemingly independent aspects, both in its theoretical basis (involving nuclear, atomic, and particle physics, geochemistry, and astronomy). For many physicists, solar neutrinos constitute the low-energy frontier of high-energy physics. Results from all these disciplines are combined here, providing a timely and unified discussion of the field. Each chapter begins with a succinct overview of material to be presented and ends with an annotated bibliography. For advanced undergraduate students, but will be essential reading for all researchers interested in the physics of neutrinos and what they reveal about the nature of the Universe.

Industry Reviews

"The book provides a thorough and expert summary of a field of intense current interest." Nature "This book should serve as the standard reference for this rapidly developing area of research for some time to come."--Physics Today "...a very important book covering the observational, theoretical, and experimental aspects of neutrino astrophysics." Sky & Telescope "...an outstanding book on an exciting, developing new field of astronomy." American Journal of Physics "...this book will stand as a landmark account of what has become one of the most important experiments in physics, not just astronomy, during the second half of the 20th century." John Gribbin, New Scientist "...an excellent book on neutrino astrophysics...Elementary particle theorists will find here a most valuable guide to theoretical developments. Experimenters will be delighted by the accurate, clear discussion of observations." Comments on Astrophysics

List of tablesp. xii
List of figuresp. xv
Prefacep. xix
Overviewp. 1
Where do we stand?p. 3
Why does anyone care?p. 4
Stellar evolutionp. 5
Nuclear energy generation and neutrino fluxesp. 10
Uncertainties in the predictionsp. 13
Experiments are required for progressp. 17
The [superscript 37]Cl experimentp. 17
The Kamiokande II experimentp. 20
A geochemical experiment: [superscript 98]Mop. 21
Gallium detectorsp. 22
Next-generation experimentsp. 24
Electronic detection of pp neutrinosp. 26
Coherent scattering detectorsp. 27
Some explanations of the solar neutrino problemp. 28
Discriminating among explanationsp. 32
The next decadep. 32
Questions and answersp. 32
Stellar structure and evolutionp. 43
Life history of a starp. 44
Basic equationsp. 46
Principal resultsp. 48
Present statusp. 53
Nuclear fusion reactionsp. 55
The essentialsp. 56
Reaction ratesp. 59
The pp chainp. 63
Neutrino fluxes and terminations of the pp chainp. 67
The CNO cyclep. 71
Energy generationp. 72
What remains to be done?p. 73
The standard solar modelp. 77
The input parametersp. 80
General methodp. 85
Some characteristics of the standard solar modelp. 89
Helioseismologyp. 104
Nonstandard solar modelsp. 113
The low Z modelp. 115
Iron precipitationp. 116
A burnt-out corep. 117
Rapid rotationp. 118
A strong magnetic fieldp. 119
A mixed-up Sunp. 120
Turbulent diffusionp. 124
Thermal instabilitiesp. 125
Hydrodynamic phenomenap. 126
[superscript 3]He instabilityp. 127
Massive mass lossp. 129
A central black holep. 131
WIMPsp. 133
Q-nucleip. 136
Non-Maxwellian velocity distributionp. 137
No [superscript 8]B produced or S[subscript 34] = 0p. 139
CNO reaction dominantp. 140
The neutrinosp. 143
The neutrino-producing reactionsp. 144
Information contentp. 146
Neutrino energy spectrap. 153
Solar neutrino fluxesp. 157
Fluxes from other starsp. 165
Theoretical uncertaintiesp. 169
Logicp. 171
Examplesp. 173
Neutrino cross sectionsp. 178
Power-law dependencesp. 182
Monte Carlo simulationsp. 187
Principal uncertaintiesp. 191
Neutrino cross sectionsp. 193
Absorption cross sectionsp. 195
Neutrino-electron scattering cross sectionsp. 214
Neutral currentsp. 240
Beyond the standard model of electroweak interactionsp. 245
Vacuum oscillationsp. 247
Matter oscillationsp. 258
Neutrino magnetic momentp. 284
Neutrino decayp. 292
WIMPsp. 295
Ockham's razorp. 299
The [superscript 37]Cl experimentp. 301
Standard model predictionsp. 303
The experimentp. 307
The resultsp. 316
Theory versus experiment: the implicationsp. 320
Do solar neutrino fluxes vary with time?p. 326
Recent datap. 337
The future of the [superscript 37]Cl experimentp. 339
The [superscript 71]Ga experimentsp. 343
Predictions of the standard modelp. 344
The experimentsp. 347
What can be learned?p. 356
Geochemical and radiochemical detectors: Mo, Tl, Li, Br, Ip. 363
[superscript 98]Mop. 364
[superscript 205]Tlp. 370
[superscript 7]Lip. 372
[superscript 81]Brp. 374
[superscript 127]Ip. 377
Neutrino-electron scattering experimentsp. 379
Water detectorsp. 381
Kamiokande IIp. 384
SUNLABp. 392
LVDp. 394
Super Kamiokande: waterp. 396
Sudbury neutrino observatory: deuteriump. 396
ICARUS I: liquid argonp. 397
Low-temperature detectorsp. 398
Direct counting experimentsp. 401
SNO: D[subscript 2]Op. 402
ICARUS: [superscript 40]Arp. 408
[superscript 115]Inp. 412
BOREX: [superscript 11]Bp. 416
[superscript 19]Fp. 416
Coherent scattering detectorsp. 418
Stellar collapsep. 421
How a star gets into troublep. 423
Neutrino emission from a standard stellar collapsep. 428
Neutrino bombs: how often and where?p. 433
Neutrinos from other galaxiesp. 437
SN1987Ap. 438
Expected number of events in detectorsp. 457
Synopsis and future directionsp. 461
What is neededp. 461
Solar neutrino detectorsp. 463
Stellar collapsesp. 469
Stellar evolutionp. 471
Nuclear physicsp. 476
Particle physicsp. 479
The bottom linep. 484
An account of the development of the solar neutrino problem, John N. Bahcall and Raymond Davis, Jr.p. 487
Referencesp. 531
Indexp. 555
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521379755
ISBN-10: 052137975X
Audience: Professional
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 592
Published: 11th December 1989
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.99 x 15.39  x 3.99
Weight (kg): 0.95
Edition Type: Annotated

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