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Neurotechnology for Biomimetic Robots : A Bradford Book - Joseph Ayers

Neurotechnology for Biomimetic Robots

A Bradford Book

By: Joseph Ayers (Editor), Joel L. Davis (Editor), Alan Rudolph (Editor)

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The goal of neurotechnology is to confer the performance advantages of animal systems on robotic machines. Biomimetic robots differ from traditional robots in that they are agile, relatively cheap, and able to deal with real-world environments. The engineering of these robots requires a thorough understanding of the biological systems on which they are based, at both the biomechanical and physiological levels.This book provides an in-depth overview of the field. The areas covered include myomorphic actuators, which mimic muscle action; neuromorphic sensors, which, like animal sensors, represent sensory modalities such as light, pressure, and motion in a labeled-line code; biomimetic controllers, based on the relatively simple control systems of invertebrate animals; and the autonomous behaviors that are based on an animal's selection of behaviors from a species-specific behavioral "library." The ultimate goal is to develop a truly autonomous robot, one able to navigate and interact with its environment solely on the basis of sensory feedback without prompting from a human operator.

Preface
Introduction
Neurotechnologyp. 1
Overview: Advances in the Development of Biomimetic Sensors, Actuators, and Controllersp. 3
Biomimetic Flow and Contract/Bending MEMs Sensorsp. 13
Fly-Inspired VLSI Vision Sensorsp. 31
Visual Servo System Based on a Biologically Inspired Scanning Sensorp. 57
Visual Sensors Using Eye Movementsp. 73
Using Biology to Guide Development of an Artificial Olfactory Systemp. 97
SMA Actuators Applied to Biomimetic Underwater Robotsp. 117
Engineering a Muscle: An Approach to Artificial Muscle Based on Field-Activated Electroactive Polymersp. 137
Polymer-Based MEMS Actuators for Biomimeticsp. 173
A Piezoelectrically Actuated Mesoscale Robot Quadrupedp. 187
Optimization of Swimming Locomotion by Genetic Algorithmp. 207
Biomechanical Primitives and Heterarchical Control of Limb Motion in Tetrapodsp. 223
A Conservative Biomimetic Control Architecture for Autonomous Underwater Robotsp. 241
Vehiclesp. 261
Overview: Vehicles in Neurobiologyp. 263
Snake Robots for Search and Rescuep. 271
A Lamprey-Based Undulatory Vehiclep. 285
Biomimetics in Action: Design and Performance of an Autonomous Robotic Fishp. 297
Development of a Two-Joint Dolphin Robotp. 309
Pectoral Fin Controllersp. 325
The Role of Reflexes versus Central Pattern Generators in Dynamical Legged Locomotionp. 351
A Decentralized, Biologically Based Network for Autonomous Control of (Hexapod) Walkingp. 383
Toward the Development of Agile and Mission-Capable Legged Robotsp. 401
A Biologically Inspired Approach Toward Robust Real-World Locomotion in Legged Robotsp. 419
The Organization of Insect Locomotion Systems and Computer-Based Flight control in the Tobacco Hawkmothp. 451
A Micromechanical Flying Insect Thoraxp. 469
The Entomopterp. 481
Autonomous Behaviorp. 511
Overviewp. 513
Visual Homing without Image Matchingp. 517
Phonotaxis in Crickets and Robotsp. 533
Flow and Chemo-Sense for Robot and Lobster Guidance in Tracking Chemical Sources in Turbulencep. 553
Sensory Fusion in Free-Flight Search Behavior of Fruit Fliesp. 573
Visual Flight Control and Navigation in Honeybees: Applications to Roboticsp. 593
Contributorsp. 611
Indexp. 615
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780262011938
ISBN-10: 026201193X
Series: A Bradford Book
Audience: Professional
For Ages: 18+ years old
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 636
Published: 2nd August 2002
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 25.4 x 17.8  x 5.2
Weight (kg): 1.34