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Neuropsychology of the Sense of Agency : From Consciousness to Action - Michela Balconi

Neuropsychology of the Sense of Agency

From Consciousness to Action

By: Michela Balconi (Editor)

Hardcover

Published: 19th August 2010
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Two related fields, the psychological and neuropsychological ones, provide an exhaustive overview of the complex issue of agency and self-agency. The cognitive and neuropsychological correlates are here considered  as two sides of the same coin, since we have the main scope to find a correspondence between the hardware (cerebral processes) and the software (cognitive processes) of the representation of agency.All living system self-regulates, or, within any living system,there is a need of communication among the different parts of that system. This can include a unit as small as a cell, a plant, or animal, or even a more complex organism. For example, one's systems are regulating one's temperature: regulation is a property of the living system. Secondly, in order to act it is necessary for organisms to be able to distinguish between self and other, whatever this ability is learned or is a part of the process of action. The predominant account on explaining the sense of agency of our  actions is the ''central monitoring theory" or ''comparator model" that postulate a monitoring of central and peripheral signals arising as a consequence of the action execution . Moreover, the simulation theory is considered in alternative to the comparator perspective. Secondly, the contribution of body representation for agency is explored, taking into account the significance of proprioceptive feedback for self-agent attribution. Finally, the neural correlates of action and agent representation are considered in the light of new empirical results.

Cognition, Consciousness and Agencyp. 1
The Sense of Agency in Psychology and Neuropsychologyp. 3
To Be an Agent: What Is the Sense of Agency?p. 3
Action and Awareness of Actionp. 4
Does Awareness of Action Differ from the Sense of Agency?p. 5
The Key Determinant Mechanisms for the Sense of Agencyp. 6
A Critical Approach to Intentions and Intentional Binding Phenomenonp. 9
Awareness, Consciousness, and Agency: Unconscious Perception and Unconscious Intentionsp. 11
Self-consciousness and the Illusion of Agencyp. 12
Consciousness of Self and Consciousness of the Goalp. 14
The Sense of Initiationp. 15
The Limited Sense of Initiation: Libet's Contributionp. 15
The Sense of Controlp. 17
The Sense of Agency for Self and for Others: The "Perceptual" Basis of Empathyp. 18
Referencesp. 20
Affordances and the Sense of Joint Agencyp. 23
Introductionp. 23
Social Perception and Mind-readingp. 24
The Concept of Affordancesp. 28
Instrumental vs Deontic Affordancesp. 30
Canonical Neurons as Reflecting Instrumental Affordancesp. 31
Egocentric vs Allocentric Perception of Affordancesp. 32
Mirror Neurons and Action-dependent Affordancesp. 34
Interpersonal Affordancesp. 36
Two Models of Joint Actionp. 38
Conclusionsp. 40
Referencesp. 41
Brain, Agency and Self-agency: Neuropsychological Contributions to the Development of the Sense of Agencyp. 45
The Neuropsychology of Senses of Agency: Theoretical and Empirical Contributionsp. 47
Different Types of the Sense of Agencyp. 47
Feeling and Judgment in the Sense of Agencyp. 49
Empirical Paradigms of the Judgment of Agencyp. 51
The Awareness of Action: The Contribution of Event-related Potentialsp. 51
Time Perception and the Sense of Agencyp. 52
Visual Feedback and Awareness of Actionp. 53
Somatosensory Information for Agencyp. 55
Sense Integrationp. 57
Experimental Paradigms for the Feeling of Agencyp. 57
Minimal Self and Narrative Selfp. 61
Minimal Self: Self-agency as "I"p. 61
Self Ascriptionp. 63
Narrative Self: The Sense of Continuityp. 63
Referencesp. 66
Functional Anatomy of the Sense of Agency: Past Evidence and Future Directionsp. 69
Introductionp. 69
A Functional Anatomy of the Sense of Agency: Past Evidencep. 70
Posterior Parietal Cortex and Inferior Parietal Lobulep. 72
The Cerebellump. 73
The Posterior Superior Temporal Sulcusp. 74
The Insulap. 74
The Supplementary Motor Areap. 75
The Prefrontal Cortexp. 75
Future Directionsp. 76
Conclusionsp. 77
Referencesp. 77
The Monitoring of Experience and Agency in Daily Life: A Study with Italian Adolescentsp. 81
Agency and Its Role in Human Behavior and Experiencep. 81
Agency and Experiencep. 84
Defining and Measuring Experiencep. 85
Agency in Daily Life: A Crucial Component of Optimal Experiencep. 87
Empirical Evidence: A Study with Italian Adolescentsp. 89
Aims and Methodsp. 91
Resultsp. 91
Agency and Daily Experience: A Promising Research Domainp. 96
Referencesp. 100
Agency and Inter-agency, Action and Joint Action: Theoretical and Neuropsychological Evidencep. 107
Introductionp. 107
An Introduction to Agencyp. 108
The Beginning: Intentions and Collective Intentionsp. 109
From I to Wep. 109
We in Actionp. 109
Doing Things Together: Joint Action and the Sense of Agencyp. 111
Over the Self-other Differentiation: Circular Interactions and Joint Agencyp. 113
The Intersubjective Origins of Joint Agency: A Developmental Perspectivep. 115
Inter-acting Selves, Social Agency, and Neural Correlatesp. 116
The Original Distinction of Our-selves and Other-selvesp. 117
Self-other Differentiation, Agency and Sociality: Hypotheses and Neuropsychological Evidencep. 118
Conclusionsp. 119
Referencesp. 120
Clinical Aspects Associated with Disruption of the Sense of Agencyp. 123
Disruption of the Sense of Agency: From Perception to Self-knowledgep. 125
Introductionp. 125
Disruption of Agency in the Perceptual Field and in Proprioceptionp. 125
Agency and Body: Predictivity Function of the Body for Self-representationp. 126
Perceptual Illusions of Bodyp. 127
Blindsight and Numbsensep. 128
A Tentative Conclusion Regarding Perceptual Level Impairmentp. 129
Attentive Deficits and the Sense of Agencyp. 129
Visual Neglect Syndromep. 129
Somatosensory Neglectp. 130
The Fallibility of Self-attribution of Agency in Neuropsychiatryp. 131
Frontotemporal Dementia and the Delusion of Control in Frontal Deficitsp. 132
Agency and Schizophreniap. 132
Concluding Remarks on Schizophreniap. 134
Autism: Mentalizing vs Agency Disruptionp. 135
Dissociated States: Obsessive-compulsive Disorderp. 136
Lines of Research on the Disruption of Agency: ERPs and Personalityp. 137
Referencesp. 140
Disturbances of the Sense of Agency in Schizophreniap. 145
Introductionp. 145
The Comparator Model and Its Explanatory Limitationsp. 146
Feeling of Agency vs Judgement of Agencyp. 148
Optimal Cue Integration as the Basis of the Sense of Agencyp. 150
Altered Cue Integration as the Basis of Delusions of Influencep. 151
Intentional Binding: Impaired Predictions and Excessive Linkage of External Sensory Eventsp. 151
Perception of Hand Movements: Imprecise Predictions Prompting an Over-reliance on External Action Cuesp. 152
Conclusionsp. 153
Referencesp. 154
Looking for Outcomes: The Experience of Control and Sense of Agency in Obsessive-compulsive Behaviorsp. 157
Introductionp. 157
The Clinical Features and Phenomenology of OCDp. 158
Sense of Agency in OCD: Empirical Datap. 160
Summary and Discussionp. 164
Conclusionsp. 167
Referencesp. 168
Body and Self-awareness: Functional and Dysfunctional Mechanismsp. 173
The Sense of Agency and the Sense of Ownership as Components of Self-consciousnessp. 173
The Sense of Body Ownership vs the Sense of Agencyp. 174
The Sense of My Body as Mine: A Threefold Perspectivep. 175
A Spatial Hypothesis of Body Representationp. 178
Neural Substrates of the Sense of Ownershipp. 180
Disruption of the Sense of Ownership: Conscious and Non-conscious Body Perceptionp. 182
The Rubber Hand Illusion: Evidence of Disownership Phenomenap. 184
Other Body Impairments: Neuropsychological Disordersp. 185
Referencesp. 187
Subject Indexp. 191
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9788847015869
ISBN-10: 8847015863
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 192
Published: 19th August 2010
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Country of Publication: IT
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.5  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.71