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Neurobiology of Attention - Laurent Itti

Hardcover Published: 9th March 2005
ISBN: 9780123757319
Number Of Pages: 744

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A key property of neural processing in higher mammals is the ability to focus resources by selectively directing attention to relevant perceptions, thoughts or actions. Research into attention has grown rapidly over the past two decades, as new techniques have become available to study higher brain function in humans, non-human primates, and other mammals. Neurobiology of Attention is the first encyclopedic volume to summarize the latest developments in attention research.
An authoritative collection of over 100 chapters organized into thematic sections provides both broad coverage and access to focused, up-to-date research findings. This book presents a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary perspective on psychological, physiological and computational approaches to understanding the neurobiology of attention. Ideal for students, as a reference handbook or for rapid browsing, the book has a wide appeal to anybody intereseted in attention research.
* Contains numerous quick-reference articles covering the breadth of investigation into the subject of attention
* Provides extensive introductory commentary to orient and guide the reader
* Includes the most recent research results in this field of study

"4 STARS! - If there is one book to own on the topic of attention, this is it. Although it is not difficult to find books written on more specific attention topics, this is probably the most complete single volume on the market dedicated to attention." --Christopher J. Graver, PhD, University of Michigan Health SysteM, in DOODY'S (2005) "This book will be a standard reference for some time to come in this fascinating and important field." --Donlin M. Long, in NEUROSURGERY QUARTERLY (2005) "... this volume would be a valuable addition to the bookshelf of any laboratory concerned with perception and attentional issues. The extensive index also ensures the book is an excellent reference volume, showing once again how issues are represented across each section of the book, from their historical foundations to their standing in computational neuroscience and all of the human neuroscience that transpired in-between. Owing to the immense coverage and depth of this book, it should grab the attention of researchers concerned with neurobiology,experienced and naive alike." Amanda Ellison, Department of Psychology, Oxford in PERCEPTION, Vol 35 (2006)

Foreword
Computational foundations for attentive processesp. 3
Capacity limits for spatial discriminationp. 8
Directed visual attention and the dynamic control of information flowp. 11
Selective attention as an optimal computational strategyp. 18
Surprise : a shortcut for attention?p. 24
A heteromodal large-scale network for spatial attentionp. 29
Parietal mechanisms of attentional control : locations, features, and objectsp. 35
Visual cortical circuits and spatial attentionp. 42
Psychopharmacology of human attentionp. 50
Neuropharmacology of attentionp. 57
Identifying the neural systems of top-down attentional control : a meta-analytic approachp. 63
Attention capture : the interplay of expectations, attention, and awarenessp. 69
Change blindnessp. 76
Development of covert orienting in young infantsp. 82
Prior entryp. 89
Inhibition of returnp. 96
Guidance of visual search by preattentive informationp. 101
The top in top-down attentionp. 105
Allocation of attention in three-dimensional spacep. 109
Covert attention and saccadic eye movementsp. 114
Prefrontal selection and control of covert and overt orientingp. 117
Dissociation of selection from saccade programmingp. 124
Space- and object-based attentionp. 130
Attention and bindingp. 135
Top-down facilitation of visual object recognitionp. 140
Spatial processing of environmental representationsp. 146
Decision and attentionp. 152
Visual attention and emotional perceptionp. 160
The difference between visual attention and awareness : a cognitive neuroscience perspectivep. 167
Reaching affects saccade trajectoriesp. 175
The premotor theory of attentionp. 181
Cross-modal consequences of human spatial attentionp. 187
Attention and scene understandingp. 197
Visual search and popout in infancyp. 207
Attention in conditioningp. 213
Electrophysiology of reflexive attentionp. 219
Natural scene statistics and salient visual featuresp. 226
Salience of feature contrastp. 233
Stimulus-driven guidance of visual attention in natural scenesp. 240
Contextual guidance of visual attentionp. 246
Gist of the scenep. 251
Temporal orienting of attentionp. 257
Visual search : the role of memory for rejected distractorsp. 264
The neuropsychology of visual feature bindingp. 269
Visual saliency and spike timing in the ventral visual pathwayp. 272
Object recognition in cortex : neural mechanisms, and possible roles for attentionp. 279
Binding contour segments into spatially extended objectsp. 288
Scanpath theory, attention, and image processing algorithms for predicting human eye fixationsp. 296
The feature similarity gain model of attention : unifying multiplicative effect of spatial and feature-based attentionp. 300
Biasing competition in human visual cortexp. 305
Nonsensory signals in early visual cortexp. 311
Effects of attention on auditory perceptual organizationp. 317
Attention in languagep. 324
Attention and spatial languagep. 330
The sustained attention to response test (SART)p. 337
ERP measures of multiple attention deficits following prefrontal damagep. 339
Nonspatially lateralized mechanisms in hemispatial neglectp. 345
Visual extinction and hemispatial neglect after brain damage : neurophysiological basis of residual processingp. 351
Attention in split-brain patientsp. 358
Divided attention in the normal and the split brain : chronometry and imagingp. 363
Neurophysiological correlates of the attentional spotlightp. 372
Spatially-specific attentional modulation revealed by fMRIp. 377
The neural basis of the attentional blinkp. 383
Neurophysiological correlates of the reflexive orienting of spatial attentionp. 389
Specifying the components of attention in a visual search taskp. 395
Neural evidence for object-based attentionp. 401
Location- or feature-based targeting of spatial attentionp. 407
Dimension-based attention in pop-out searchp. 412
Irrelevant singletons capture attentionp. 418
Attentional modulation of apparent stimulus contrastp. 428
Attentional suppression early in the macaque visual systemp. 429
Attentional modulation in the human lateral geniculate nucleus and pulvinarp. 435
Transient covert transient attention increases contrast sensitivity and spatial resolution : support for signal enhancementp. 442
External noise distinguishes mechanisms of attentionp. 448
Attentional modulation and changes in effective connectivityp. 454
Attentional modulation of surround inhibitionp. 460
Attentional processes in texture perceptionp. 466
Mechanisms of perceptual learningp. 471
Lateral interactions between targets and flankers require attentionp. 477
Attention and changes in neural selectivityp. 485
Attentional effects on motion processingp. 490
ERP studies of selective attention to nonspatial featuresp. 496
Effects of attention on figure-ground responses in the primary visual cortex during working memoryp. 502
Electrophysiological and neuroimaging approaches to the study of visual attentionp. 507
The timing of attentional modulation of visual processing as indexed by ERPsp. 514
Selective visual attention modulates oscillatory neuronal synchronizationp. 520
Putative role of oscillations and synchrony in cortical signal processing and attentionp. 526
Attention to tactile stimuli increases neural synchrony in somatosensory cortexp. 534
Crossmodal attention in event perceptionp. 538
The FeatureGate model of visual selectionp. 547
Probabilistic models of attention based on iconic representations and predictive codingp. 553
The selective tuning model for visual attentionp. 562
The primary visual cortex creates a bottom-up saliency mapp. 570
Models of bottom-up attention and saliencyp. 576
Saliency in computer visionp. 583
Contextual influences on saliencyp. 586
A neurodynamical model of visual attentionp. 593
How the detection of objects in natural scenes constrains attention in timep. 600
Memory-driven visual attention : an emergent behavior of map-seeking circuitsp. 605
The role of short-term memory in visual attentionp. 610
Scene segmentation through synchronizationp. 618
Attentive wide-field sensing for visual telepresence and surveillancep. 624
Neuromorphic selective attention systemsp. 633
The role of visual attention in the control of locomotionp. 638
Attention architectures for machine vision and mobile robotsp. 642
Attention for computer graphics renderingp. 649
Linking attention to learning, expectation, competition, and consciousnessp. 652
Attention-guided recognition based on "what" and "where" representations : a behavioral modelp. 663
A model of attention and recognition by information maximizationp. 671
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780123757319
ISBN-10: 0123757312
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 744
Published: 9th March 2005
Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishing Co Inc
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 27.9 x 21.6  x 3.89
Weight (kg): 2.27