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Neoclassical Realism and Defence Reform in Post-Cold War Europe : New Security Challenges - T. Dyson

Neoclassical Realism and Defence Reform in Post-Cold War Europe

New Security Challenges

By: T. Dyson

Hardcover Published: 30th July 2010
ISBN: 9780230246232
Number Of Pages: 328

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Dyson explains the convergence and divergence between British, French and German defence reforms in the post-Cold War era. He engages with cultural and realist theories and develops a neoclassical realist approach to change and stasis in defence policy, bringing new material to bear on the factors which have affected defence reforms.

Acknowledgementsp. xi
List of Tablesp. xii
List of Abbreviationsp. xiii
Introductionp. 1
Context: The Case for Convergencep. 7
Europe's Partial and Selective Emulation of the US-led Revolution in Military Affairsp. 9
Patterns of convergence and divergence in defence reform: The objectives, instruments, institutional forums and temporality of defence policyp. 9
US defence policy in the post-Cold War era: 'Revolution', 'transformation' and 'second-order' changep. 10
The revolution in military affairs: Extending the 'uni-polar moment'p. 10
US military 'transformation' as second-order changep. 12
The three pillars of US 'transformation': Modularity, network centric warfare and effects based operationsp. 16
The legacy of 'second-order' change: Forces designed for the 'wrong kind of war'?p. 18
Attaining 'balance'? The decline of EBO and the inception of third-order changep. 21
Reforms to the instruments and objectives of European great powers' defence policies: A partial and selective emulation of the RMAp. 28
UK defence reform: 'Third-order' changep. 28
French defence reform: 'Third-order' changep. 37
German defence reform: 'Second-order' changep. 47
Convergence and Divergence in the Institutional Forums of Defence Policy: Functional Complementarity; Spatial and Temporal Differentiationp. 60
The dimensions of differentiation in European defence cooperation: Function, space and timep. 60
Functional, spatial and temporal complementarity and differentiation in the institutional architecture of European securityp. 62
The case for differentiation: Duplication in function?p. 62
European capability initiatives: Reflecting convergence around a partial and selective emulation of the US-led RMAp. 67
ESDP capability procurement initiatives: From civilian crisis-management to facilitating full spectrum peace enforcement operations through C4ISRp. 67
NATO capability procurement initiatives: Augmenting C4ISR capabilities and interoperabilityp. 71
Defence procurement initiatives outside NATO and EU frameworks: A la carte, multiple speed and variable geometry cooperationp. 75
'A la carte' force generation initiatives outside NATO/EU frameworksp. 81
Summary: A selective and delayed emulation of the revolution in military affairsp. 83
Divergence in temporality: The temporal location sequencing and pace of reformp. 90
Theorising Defence Policy Convergencep. 93
Competing Theoretical Frameworks: Realist and Cultural Approachesp. 95
Neorealism and convergence: Anarchy, uncertainty and the 'push and shove' of international structurep. 95
Neorealism and the formation and maintenance of alliances: Explaining functional complementarity in institutional forumsp. 100
Post-cold war Europe: Balanced multipolarity under the offshore balancerp. 101
European security and defence cooperation as 'reformed bandwagoning'p. 102
Neorealism and the sources of military emulation and innovation: Clustered convergence in military structures and capabilitiesp. 106
The pace of 'clustered convergence': Resource constraints, strategic learning and alliance optionsp. 108
The temporality of reform to the objectives and instruments of defence policy: Variance in external vulnerabilityp. 111
The temporality and territoriality of European defence cooperation: Variance in external vulnerability and the alliance security dilemmap. 116
Neorealism: An insufficient account of temporal divergencep. 119
Neoclassical realism and variable state power: The domestic sources of temporal divergencep. 120
The competing theoretical approach: Culture and military reformp. 127
Strategic culture and path dependencyp. 127
Explaining policy change: Critical junctures, policy learning and normative entrepreneurshipp. 128
Testing Cultural and Realist Approaches: Defence Policies Between International Structure and Executive Autonomyp. 133
France: Domestic Incentives and Timely Adaptation to Systemic Imperativesp. 135
Cohabitation and the pace of third-order reformp. 135
The emergence of 'best practice': Operational experience and the triumph of the French RMA schoolp. 141
The resonance of past doctrinal developments with contemporary challengesp. 150
Managing military input into defence planning: Ensuring adaptability at the tactical and operational levelsp. 153
High executive autonomy and strong civilian control over capability acquisitionp. 158
France, ESDP and NATO: The selective use of Gaullism to frame reformed bandwagoningp. 159
Germany: Domestic Constraint and the Temporal Management of Reformp. 163
The selective use of 'culture' by the core executive: Framing radical change to policy objectives and stasis to policy instrumentsp. 165
The development of NetOpFü and the struggle to prepare for irregular warfarep. 173
Managing military input into defence planning: Increasing adaptability at the tactical and operational levelsp. 182
Low executive autonomy and the exacerbation of organisational politics in capability acquisitionp. 189
The institutional forums of German defence policy: Between systemic and domestic incentivesp. 191
Travelling the road to convergence: Continued deficiencies in capabilities and doctrinep. 194
The United Kingdom - From Strategic Innovation to Stasisp. 197
The strategic defence review: Brokerage to facilitate strategic innovationp. 198
Adding flesh to the bones of the SDR: The emergence of NEC, EBAO and the comprehensive approachp. 200
The resonance of past approaches with contemporary challengesp. 206
Growing contestation on the precise implications of a balanced force for capability acquisitionp. 212
Managing military input into defence planning: Ensuring adaptability at the tactical and operational levelsp. 214
Low executive autonomy and the temporal management of defence reform during the third term of the Labour governmentp. 217
The institutional forums of British defence policy: Reflecting systemic imperativesp. 223
British security culture: A readily deployable instrumentp. 225
Conclusions: The Empirical and Theoretical Implicationsp. 231
Neoclassical realism and defence reform: Matter over mindp. 231
Planning for the unexpected: The imperative of the balanced force in the post-Cold War erap. 234
Managing uncertainty and organisational politics: Organising military input to defence planningp. 236
The contradictory imperatives of structural realism and European defence cooperationp. 238
The invocation of culture, nationalism, ideology and exploitation of public vulnerability on behalf of internal and external balancingp. 240
The limitations of the book and the avenues for future researchp. 243
Notesp. 244
Bibliographyp. 287
Indexp. 315
Table of Contents provided by Ingram. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780230246232
ISBN-10: 0230246230
Series: New Security Challenges
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 328
Published: 30th July 2010
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 21.6 x 14.0  x 2.54
Weight (kg): 0.57
Edition Number: 1