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Negotiating Identities : States and Immigrants in France and Germany - Riva Kastoryano

Negotiating Identities

States and Immigrants in France and Germany

Paperback

Published: 10th February 2002
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Immigration is even more hotly debated in Europe than in the United States. In this pivotal work of action and discourse analysis, Riva Kastoryano draws on extensive fieldwork--including interviews with politicians, immigrant leaders, and militants--to analyze interactions between states and immigrants in France and Germany. Making frequent comparisons to the United States, she delineates the role of states in constructing group identities and measures the impact of immigrant organization and mobilization on national identity.

Kastoryano argues that states contribute directly and indirectly to the elaboration of immigrants' identity, in part by articulating the grounds on which their groups are granted legitimacy. Conversely, immigrant organizations demanding recognition often redefine national identity by reinforcing or modifying traditional sentiments. They use culture--national references in Germany and religion in France--to negotiate new political identities in ways that alter state composition and lead the state to negotiate its identity as well.

Despite their different histories, Kastoryano finds that Germany, France, and the United States are converging in their policies toward immigration control and integration. All three have adopted similar tactics and made similar institutional adjustments in their efforts to reconcile differences while tending national integrity.

The author builds her observations into a model of ''negotiations of identities'' useful to a broad cross-section of social scientists and policy specialists. She extends her analysis to consider how the European Union and transnational networks affect identities still negotiated at the national level. The result is a forward-thinking book that illuminates immigration from a new angle.

"[A] fascinating book."--Stanley Hoffmann, Foreign Affairs Magazine "This is an important book that contributes to our understanding of why European states have found it so difficult to fully include migrants into their political communities."--Rainer Baubock, International Migration Review "Negotiating Identities is a useful book for stimulating reflection on when, how, and why immigrants and states interact in ethnically diverse societies. It contains several important insights that should be reckoned with. It also opens up additional lines of inquiry into pressing concerns, and thus may prove to be an important building block for further theoretical and empirical studies of France, Germany, and beyond."--Eric Bleich, Perspectives on Politics

Acknowledgmentsp. xi
Introductionp. 1
France, Germany, and the United Statesp. 2
Negotiating Identitiesp. 3
The Nation-State in Crisisp. 6
Citizenship and Multiculturalismp. 8
Methodologyp. 11
The War of Wordsp. 15
On the Immigrantp. 16
Boundaries of Identity or "Threshold of Tolerance"p. 19
The Battle of Numbersp. 20
Who Is Who?p. 22
"The Right of Difference" or "Praise of Indifference"p. 26
Between Assimilation and Returnp. 30
The Era of Communitiesp. 34
Representation of Political Traditionsp. 38
On the Nature of Representation: An "Ideal Nation"p. 40
Integration "a la francaise"p. 40
Dream of German Unityp. 43
"E Pluribus Unum"p. 45
The Search for Social Cohesionp. 46
Religions and Social Cohesionp. 47
Defining New Solidaritiesp. 51
Limits of Representationp. 53
The Category of Experiencep. 53
Representation Stops at the Lawp. 58
The Territories of Identityp. 64
Incompatible Equationsp. 65
The Ethnicization of Territoryp. 68
Suburbs in France: Places Managed by Tensionp. 69
"Colonies" of Turks in Germanyp. 71
Area and Era of Tensionsp. 72
Social Immobility and "Ghettos"p. 72
Violence, Rage, and Fearsp. 74
In Search of the Social Bondp. 75
Universality and Ethnicityp. 76
Redefining Solidarities in Francep. 78
A "Multicultural" Germanyp. 82
The Invention of the Culturalp. 85
The Reappropriation of a Cultural Identity in Francep. 86
The Assertion of Cultural Identity in Germanyp. 89
"Islam Is Everywhere!"p. 92
An Imagined Transnational Cultural Communityp. 96
The Politicization of Identities in Francep. 99
The Emergence of New Divisionsp. 101
Republican Rhetoricp. 101
The Emergence of an Ethnic Marketp. 103
Forming a Communityp. 106
"Thwarting Islam"p. 106
"Forming a Muslim Community"p. 107
Between the Mosque and the Schoolp. 110
The Recall of the Universalp. 112
French Laicitep. 112
Islam in the Femininep. 113
The Politicization of Identities in Germanyp. 117
Religious Pluralism and Islamp. 119
Between the Head Scarf and the Crucifixp. 119
A Place for Islamp. 121
The Construction of an Ethnic Communityp. 123
The Impossible Religious Communityp. 123
In Search of a National Communityp. 125
Ethnic or Minority Communityp. 128
The Construction of a National Minorityp. 129
A Minority in the Minorityp. 136
The Negotiation of Identitiesp. 140
The Question of Citizenshipp. 142
Citizenship and Political Commitmentp. 143
Citizenship, Nationality, and Identityp. 145
A Question of Recognitionp. 151
A French Islamp. 151
A Turkish Minority in Germanyp. 156
The European Union: New Space for Negotiating Identitiesp. 164
Universality and Particularityp. 165
Rights of Solidarity, Rights of Minoritiesp. 166
Between Market and Unionp. 168
The Issue of Sovereigntyp. 169
Transnationality and Nationalityp. 170
Transnational Strategies and National Realitiesp. 171
The Immigrant Forump. 172
The Informal Networks and Islamp. 173
"Postnational Citizenship" and European Identityp. 175
Institutional Practices and European Identityp. 176
Nationality or European Citizenship?p. 178
Conclusionp. 181
Paradoxesp. 181
The Limits of Recognitionp. 183
Inclusive Indifferencep. 184
Notesp. 187
Bibliographyp. 201
Indexp. 221
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780691010151
ISBN-10: 0691010153
Series: Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology
Audience: Tertiary; University or College
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 240
Published: 10th February 2002
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.5 x 15.2  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.34