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Needs Assessment in Public Health : A Practical Guide for Students and Professionals - Donna J. Petersen

Needs Assessment in Public Health

A Practical Guide for Students and Professionals

Hardcover Published: 31st May 2001
ISBN: 9780306465307
Number Of Pages: 140

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The assessment function of public health is essential in the development of appropriate policy and programmatic solutions to persistent and emergent public health concerns. However, few public health professionals are adequately trained in these activities.
This text follows the typical sequence of an actual needs assessment process. Case studies are used to illustrate conceptualization of the task through the application of needs-based data to effective public health solutions. Examples are drawn from myriad public health efforts, recognizing that not all public health sector agencies bear direct responsibility for all activities that could be considered part of public health.
This volume has been designed to serve both students and practitioners interested in improving their understanding and skills in the area of needs assessment.

"The book is practical and provides useful information for both the public health students and practitioners on a topic that is important to successful program development and advocacy." (CHOICE, (2002) "This book would also be an excellent resource for classroom teaching. The authors have provided though-provoking and challenging discussion questions at the end of each chapter that could be used to guide a class through the assessment process. In a class in which students are actually charged with completing a community assessment, this book would be an invaluable tool. I would recommend this book to public health professionals, and to teachers working with students of health education, public health, nursing and public policy. It is brief, to the point and full of useful tools for anyone planning a community needs assessment." (Health Education Research (2002) "Given the dual purpose of this book as a textbook for students and a handbook for professionals, the chapters follow the typical sequence of an actual needs-assessment process: Case studies are used to illustrate conceptualization of the task, followed by the application of needs-based data, which is followed by the creation of effective public health solutions." (Administration and Policy in Mental Health, 30:6 (2003)

The Context for Needs Assessment: Past, Present, and Futurep. 1
Introductionp. 1
Assessing the Needs of Allp. 6
Toward Accountability and Performancep. 9
Hypothetical Case Examplesp. 10
The Process of Needs Assessmentp. 15
Purpose and Intent of Needs Assessmentp. 15
Needs as Values and Policy Statementsp. 18
Types of Needsp. 23
Stages in the Needs Assessment Processp. 25
Discussion Questionsp. 37
Data Sources for Public Health Needs Assessmentp. 39
Sources of Datap. 39
Private Sector Datap. 58
Discussion Questionsp. 59
Communicating Needs for Community Actionp. 61
The Critical Import of Communicationp. 61
Steering Committeesp. 62
Communicating through Data Gatheringp. 63
Media Partnershipsp. 64
Communicating Datap. 67
Communicating through Technologyp. 68
Communicating in the Legislative Arenap. 70
Critical Partnershipsp. 72
Discussion Questionsp. 73
The Selection and Use of Indicatorsp. 75
Indicator Selection Criteriap. 75
Establishing Need Prioritiesp. 77
Performance Measurement and Indicatorsp. 80
Indicators for Use in Resource Allocation and Funding Formulasp. 83
Discussion Questionsp. 89
Determining and Developing Solutions: The Importance of Goals and Objectivesp. 91
Data Are Not Enoughp. 91
Criteria for Determining Feasible Solutionsp. 93
Determining Goals and Objectivesp. 98
Discussion Questionsp. 104
Effecting Program and Policy Solutionsp. 107
State Governmentp. 108
Legislative Advocacyp. 109
Community Coalition Buildingp. 112
Advocacyp. 113
Discussion Questionsp. 115
The Needs Assessment Teamp. 117
Assembling the Needs Assessment Teamp. 118
Putting the Needs Assessment Team to Good Usep. 120
The Importance of Peoplep. 122
Discussion Questionsp. 122
A Call for Leadershipp. 125
Referencesp. 131
Further Readingp. 133
Indexp. 139
Table of Contents provided by Syndetics. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780306465307
ISBN-10: 0306465302
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 140
Published: 31st May 2001
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 23.4 x 15.6  x 1.27
Weight (kg): 0.88