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NBC Risks Current Capabilities and Future Perspectives for Protection : NATO Science Partnership Sub-Series: 1 (Paperback) - Torsten Sohns

NBC Risks Current Capabilities and Future Perspectives for Protection

NATO Science Partnership Sub-Series: 1 (Paperback)

By: Torsten Sohns (Editor), Victor A. Voicu (Editor)

Paperback Published: 30th June 1999
ISBN: 9780792358039
Number Of Pages: 543

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The Advanced Research Workshop in Bucharest from 20. to 22. 04. 1998 covered a broad spectrum of medical and pharmaceutical approaches dealing to maintenaning and restoring of the health of civilians and military personnel exposed to ionizing radiation or biological or chemical agents. The current capabilities and future perspectives for protection against NBC hazards were analyzed from an interdisciplinary perspective. In this context the planning of medical support operations was addressed as were aspects of practical medicine and forwardlooking scientific approaches. The main areas covered were: -general approach and NBC risks -pharmacoprotection and treatment -skin protection and decontamination -pharmaceutical aspects of protectants -environmental aspects of NBC disarmament Acknowledgments The editors would like to express their thanks to NATO for having made this publication possible and all the participants of the conference who contributed their publications. In particular, the editors would like to thank Constantin Mircioiu and his staff for their assistance and support during all stages of the conference and editing. In addition, they are grateful to Harald Kempf and his staff for their editorial assistance in preparing this volume. THE PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION: HEALTH RISKS -An Analysisfrom a Medical Perspective- T. SOHNS German Armed Forces Medical Academy Neuherbergstr. II, D -80937 Munich Summary: The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction I and long-range means of delivery continues to be a matter of serious concern as it can pose a direct threat to national and international security.

Editors
Preface
The Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction: Health Risks - An Analysis from a Medical Perspectivep. 1
Intervention in a Chemical, Biological or Nuclear Disaster. A Romanian Point of Viewp. 19
Are the Civilians prepared for Chemical and/or Biological Warfare? The Need of a Cooperative Effort for a simple Guidelinep. 39
Defense against Biological Terrorism - Scope and Limitsp. 43
NBC Medical Planning System (NBCMedPlanS) - An Expert Systemp. 61
Planning of Medical Support for a Threatened or Actual Biological Environment, Principles, Policies and Proceduresp. 69
Finite Interactions Theory - A Biophysical Approach to Xenobiotic - Membrane Interface Interactionsp. 95
A Theoretical Study of the Interactions of Acetylcholinesterase, Irreversible Inhibitors, and their Antidotesp. 109
Electrochemical Properties of Platelets: Clinical and Pharmacological Applicationsp. 127
Features of Apoptotic Cell Death in SCL II Cells after Exposure to 2,2-Dichlorodiethylsulfidep. 155
A NewView on the Mechanism of Action of Reversible Cholinesterase Inhibitors as Drugs for Prophylaxisp. 161
Cholinesterases as Bioscavengers for Protection against Organophosphate Chemical Warfare Agentsp. 165
Selectivity and Protective Activity of Muscarinic Receptor's Antagonists in Organophosphates Poisoningp. 177
Reactivators, from Classic to a NewGenerationp. 181
Convulsions in Organophosphate Intoxications: Their Mechanism and Treatmentp. 189
Treatment of Organophosphate Nerve Agents, Current Therapy and Future Prospectivesp. 197
Reactivation of Organophosphorus - Inhibited Human Erythrocyte-Acetylcholinesterase by Oximes in vitrop. 219
Cholinesterase Status in Organophosphate Poisoned Patientsp. 229
Testing the Antidotal Efficiency in the Treatment of Aflatoxin Poisoningp. 243
Zeolites as (Potential) Decorporating Agentsp. 251
New Concepts of Prophylaxis and Decontamination of Chemical Warfare Agentsp. 261
Sorption-Mechanical Principle in Skin Decontaminationp. 265
Reduction of the Skin Permeation of Xenobiotics Using Chemical Penetration Retardersp. 271
Effects of Protective Clothing on the Skin Penetration of Xenobioticsp. 279
Powders, Ointments and Solutions as First Aid, Nonspecific Antidotes for Organophosphorous Compounds at Skin Levelp. 293
Protective Properties of Standard Combat Clothing against Skin Penetration of Supertoxic Lethal Chemical Warfare Agentsp. 303
Studies Concerning some Effects of Drugs, Colloid Vectors for Drugs and Decorporators on Blood Global Physico-Chemical Parametersp. 311
Transdermal Systems with Poly-2-Hydroxyethylmeth-Acrylates and new Biological Models for their Studyp. 331
New Pharmaceutical Forms for Skin Protectionp. 349
New Systems of Polyacrylate Copolymers for Controlled Delivery of Drugsp. 365
Researches on the Embedding of Decorporators in Microemulsionsp. 389
Controlled Release Microspheres Prepared by using an Emulsion Solvent-Diffusion Technique as a Tool in Design of new Antidotesp. 401
Micro and Nanoparticles as Drug Carriersp. 411
A Structure - Property Relationship and Quantitative Approach to the Development of Universal Transdermal Drug Delivery Systemp. 441
The Dependence between Physico-Chemical and Allergenic Properties of Xenobioticsp. 459
Some Physical Chemical Aspects of Albumin-Alkali Halide Interactionp. 467
Considerations in Investigations of Military Installation Decommissioning: Determining how Clean is Cleanp. 479
The Comparative Danger of Chemical Weapons and Organophosphorous Pesticides for Aquatic Ecosystem Healthp. 489
Direct Methods in the Evaluation of the Internal Contamination with Radionuclidesp. 493
Retrospective Detection of Exposure to Organophosphates: Analyses in Blood of Human Beings and Rhesus Monkeysp. 513
Radiochemical Analysis of Environmental Samples in the Era of Disarmamentp. 523
List of Participantsp. 531
Indexp. 541
Table of Contents provided by Blackwell. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780792358039
ISBN-10: 0792358031
Series: NATO Science Partnership Sub-Series: 1 (Paperback)
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 543
Published: 30th June 1999
Publisher: Springer
Country of Publication: NL
Dimensions (cm): 23.39 x 15.6  x 2.9
Weight (kg): 0.78