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Nature as the Laboratory : Darwinian Plant Ecology in the German Empire, 1880-1900 - Eugene Cittadino

Nature as the Laboratory

Darwinian Plant Ecology in the German Empire, 1880-1900

Hardcover Published: 10th August 2011
ISBN: 9780521340458
Number Of Pages: 212

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The science of botany underwent a dramatic change in the late nineteenth century. A reform movement originating in Germany took the traditionally destructive approach to the study of plant structure and physiology and transformed it into a study of plant adaptation. The young scientists who initiated this approach were influenced by factors both scientific and political. Darwin's natural selection theory and the German Reich's interest in colonial expansion provided the background for a new botanical methodology, which treated Nature as the Laboratory. The work of these botanists, including Gottlieb Haberlandt, Georg Volkens, A. F. W. Schimper, and Ernst Stahl, influenced the subsequent development of botanical science in the twentieth century and contributed significantly to the emergence of the new science of ecology. Eugene Cittadino describes in detail their early careers, their zeal for Darwinian selection theory, and their sometimes hazardous expeditions into exotic environments from Africa to the East Indies.

Preface
Introduction
Botany in Germany, 1850+1880: the making of a science and a profession
Schwendener and Haberlandt: the birth of physiological plant anatomy
Overtures to Darwinism
Schwendener+s circle: botanical +comrades-in-arms+
Physiological anatomy beyond the Reich
Beyond Schwendener+s circle: Ernst Stahl
Schimper and Schenck: from Bonn to Brazil
Teleology revisited? natural selection and plant adaptation
The colonial connection: imperialism and plant adaptation
Toward a science of plant ecology
Notes
Select bibliography
Index
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9780521340458
ISBN-10: 0521340454
Audience: Professional
Format: Hardcover
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 212
Published: 10th August 2011
Publisher: CAMBRIDGE UNIV PR
Country of Publication: GB
Dimensions (cm): 22.86 x 15.24  x 1.6
Weight (kg): 0.48

Earn 444 Qantas Points
on this Book