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Natural Gas Hydrate : In Oceanic and Permafrost Environments - Michael D. Max

Natural Gas Hydrate

In Oceanic and Permafrost Environments

By: Michael D. Max (Editor)

Paperback Published: 31st May 2003
ISBN: 9781402013621
Number Of Pages: 415

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1. THE BEGINNINGS OF HYDRATE RESEARCH Until very recently, our understanding of hydrate in the natural environment and its impact on seafloor stability, its importance as a sequester of methane, and its potential as an important mechanism in the Earth's climate change system, was masked by our lack of appreciation of the vastness of the hydrate resource. Only a few publications on naturally occurring hydrate existed prior to 1975. The first published reference to oceanic gas hydrate (Bryan and Markl, 1966) and the first publication in the scientific literature (Stoll, et a1., 1971) show how recently it has been since the topic of naturally occurring hydrate has been raised. Recently, however, the number of hydrate publications has increased substantially, reflecting increased research into hydrate topics and the initiation of funding to support the researchers. Awareness of the existence of naturally occurring gas hydrate now has spread beyond the few scientific enthusiasts who pursued knowledge about the elusive hydrate because of simple interest and lurking suspicions that hydrate would prove to be an important topic. The first national conference on gas hydrate in the U.S. was held as recently as April, 1991 at the U.S. National Center of the U.s. Geological Survey in Reston Virginia (Max et al., 1991). The meeting was co-hosted by the U.s. Geological Survey, the Naval Research Laboratory, and the U.S.

Preface
Hydrate as a Material and its Discovery
Introduction, Physical Properties, and Natural Occurrences of Hydrate
Natural Gas Hydrate: Introduction and History of Discovery
Physical Character of Natural Gas Hydrate
Practical Physical Chemistry and Empirical Predictions of Methane Hydrate Stability
Thermal State of the Gas Hydrate Reservoir
Oceanic and Permafrost-Related Natural Gas Hydrate
Permafrost-Associated Gas Hydrate
Oceanic Gas Hydrate
Source of Methane and its Migration
The Role of Methane Hydrate in Ocean Carbon Chemistry and Biogeochemical Cycling
Deep Biosphere: Source of Methane for Oceanic Hydrate
Movement and Accumulation of Methane in Marine Sediments: Relation to Gas Hydrate Systems
Major Hydrate-related Issues
Natural Gas Hydrate as a Potential Energy Resource
Climate Impact of Natural Gas Hydrate
Potential Role of Gas Hydrate Decomposition in Generating Submarine Slope Failures
Some Examples of Natural Gas Hydrate Localities
U.S. Atlantic Continental Margin; the Best Known Gas Hydrate Locality
Gas Hydrate in the Arctic and Northern North Atlantic Oceans
Cascadia Margin, Northeast Pacific Ocean: Hydrate Distribution from Geophysical Investigations
The Occurrence of BSRs on the Antarctic Margin
Gas Hydrate Potential of the Indian Sector of the NE Arabian Sea and Northern Indian Ocean
Hydrate as a Future Energy Resource for Japan
A Note on Gas Hydrate in the Northern Sector of the South China Sea
How we see Hydrate
Introduction to Physical Properties and Elasticity Models
Geophysical Sensing and Hydrate
Seismic Methods for Detecting and Quantifying Marine Methane Hydrate/Free Gas Reservoirs
Ground Truth: In-Situ Properties of Hydrate
Laboratory Studies of Gas Hydrates
GHASTLI &endash; Determining Physical Properties of Sediment Containing Natural and Laboratory-Formed Gas Hydrate
Laboratory synthesis of pure methane hydrate suitable for measurement of physical properties and decomposition behavior
The Promise of Hydrate
Economic Perspective of Methane from Hydrate
Hydrate Resource, Methane, Fuel, and a Gas-Based Economy?
Selected References
List of Contributing Authors
Table of Contents provided by Publisher. All Rights Reserved.

ISBN: 9781402013621
ISBN-10: 1402013620
Series: Coastal Systems and Continental Margins
Audience: General
Format: Paperback
Language: English
Number Of Pages: 415
Published: 31st May 2003
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Country of Publication: US
Dimensions (cm): 22.61 x 17.78  x 1.91
Weight (kg): 0.79
Edition Type: New edition